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Does PhD pedigree matter?

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 Choosing a School for PhD

This post is inspired in large part by discussion over at Cosmic Variance about the importance of choice of particular graduate school and pedigree effect. Two extreme points of view are: a) pedigree matters a great deal, having a top school name on your resume will enhance your chances of getting a job and b) pedigree effect is non-existent, and if you are smart and do good science, it doesn’t matter where your degree is from. Additional discussion centered on issue of difficulty of “upward” mobility – which means that most people tend to get positions down the ranking ladder from their PhD institutions, not up.
It’s of course difficult to do proper “controlled” measure of pedigree effect – maybe students selected by top program would do just as well in lower ranked programs, who knows.
So let’s ask a different question – how many of the academic jobs in top research universities go to PhDs from the top programs? Ideally one would want to focus on recent hires only, looking at entire faculty makeup means integrating over the past50 or 60 years, with a big hiring spike in sputnik/cold war years. One way to address this issue is to look only at associate and assistant professors, which typically represent recent hires. Another, possibly better, way is to limit by the years of PhD (say count only PhDs obtained past 1995), but it involves more work. I spent about 4 hours compiling the data, and not sure I want to spend much more on this, even though it is a lot of fun and I am a sucker for playing with numbers.
So here’s the statistics, and I will criticize methods later – AIP graduate program listings, which I believe are compiled in 2005-2006 list 636 professors in the top 50 institutions (I used NRC’95 rankings) in associate or assistant rank. Typically their PhD years span about 12-15 year period from about 1990 till ~2003-2004. 162 of them have foreign PhDs (more on that later) and 472 held PhDs from US. More than half of those hires have PhDs from just 8 institutions: Harvard, Princeton, MIT, Berkeley, Chicago, Stanford, Caltech and Cornell. The effect is larger than I expected, but perhaps not completely unexpected.
Below are the institutions that have 3 or more PhD graduates among 636 assistant/associate rank professors in the top 50 physics programs:

Harvard University

Princeton University

MIT

Univ. of California-Berkeley

University of Chicago

Stanford University

CALTECH

Cornell University

University of Michigan

Columbia University

University of Minnesota

Univ of California-San Diego

Univ of CA-Santa Barbara

Univ of Il Urbana-Champaign

University of Washington

Yale University

SUNY-Stony Brook

University of Texas at Austin

Univ of Wisconsin-Madison

Johns Hopkins University

University of Pennsylvania

University of Rochester

Univ of California-Los Angeles

Univ of Maryland College Park

Northwestern University

Rice University

University of Colorado

Boston University

Indiana University

Rutgers -New Brunswick

Brandeis University

Duke University

Purdue University

42

39

34

32

29

28

26

22

14

13

11

9

9

9

9

9

8

8

8

7

7

7

6

6

5

5

5

4

4

4

3

3

3

Foreign degrees are more scattered all over the world, but here’s some strong contributors:

MoscowCambridgeOxford

Munich

Toronto

Vienna

Warsaw

15128

8

8

3

3

Top 10 universities contribute 59% of US PhD hires, those ranked 11-20 provide another 18%, the next ten ranked 21-30 provide 10%, and ALL of the remaining US universities contribute remaining 12% or so.

More charts like:

Percentage of PhDs that goes on to become faculty at top 50 universities.

Comparison ranking in terms of total PhD hires and ranking of USNews and NRC.

and the complete article is available at Incoherently Scattered Ponderings

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From the Diaries of Engineering Applicants

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Names of Universities are  followed by comments from real applicants.

Arizona State University:

1st Applicant

M.S. Admit. Looks like it wants to keep up the tradition of not giving aid until you land there. Aid sure once you reach ASU. Very difficult to get aid here. I contacted a few professors. One of them replied. He asked me to not pester him. Asked me to contact him only if I was going to do a direct Ph.D. good University. Has gone into top 50 of late. The Univ. has lot of research funding including some defense projects. They have a very good dist. Comp. lab and some really good Profs. Can give a try. Aid sure for Ph.D. from here. For M.S. u will get one after landing.

2nd Applicant

ADMIT: definite admit to guys here. Aid only when you reach there.

3rd Applicant

Easy to get admit with a decent Q+A score and decent CG (at least 7) not possible to get aid unless you are physically present there. Aid is guaranteed as soon as you go there. Excellent place for internships. ASU follows a kind of rolling admission process…so clashes hardly matter!!

Baylor University

a. In their minimum requirements, there was an emphasis on the GRE scores and no mention of GPA. Their app form was different from others’. They asked me to write a few (short) essays…

b. resumes, recos, sop, GRE score

c. low GPA students (provided you can justify your low GPA in the class can apply as safe

Carnegie Mellon University

1st Applicant

This WAS my dream university. This is the Mecca of Computer Science, comparable, if not better to UCB, Stanford and MIT. There were two reasons why I applied here. One, some of us decided to try some great, new universities that have not been cracked yet. CMU ranked very high in that list. Not only does it have a very intimidating ranking but also no senior (past 2 yrs) has ever applied and got in here. Two, this is the best place for computational linguistics. My senior bugs strongly advised my against applying here. The applying fee is also high at 75 dollars. But, I got a fellowship offer from the Language Technologies Center which is THE BEST place for natural language processing and computational linguistics. I chose not to go to this place due to a variety of reasons ranging from a very narrow course stream to a very taxing and demanding coursework (there are nerds there that expect you to study 5 subjects every semester, do original research and submit a thesis every semester and continue the research even during summer). But the toppers in your class, who are ready to slog their butts out can seriously app here, because this is one of the best places you can ever hope to get in during your entire lifetime. CGPA, GRE, SUBGRE crazy university.

2nd Applicant

I applied here as Pittsburgh has a good temple ;-). I need not tell you about this place. But don’t get scared off. Sunder-man got a fellowship here, and Sutra has an RA. So, if you have a 9+, app and I think you can get in. Esp. if you app for Ph.D. Refer to Sunder-man’s apply info, regarding the 10-dollar issue.

Case Western Reserve University:

I really don’t know why I applied to this place. Case western people seem to be dozing. I really doubt if there’s a college called case western, or if they simply have a garage, so gullible people like me app and they run off with the application money. I tried Phone, Email, Snail-mail even homing pigeons, telepathy and prayers. No reply. Guess I got to go and meet them personally to find out what’s happening.

Clemson University

Good in computer engineering. Gave admit to almost everyone who applied. Aid limited. Ranked 42. I’m going there.

Emory University

Senior Gopinath had the same credentials as me and got into Emory. My GRE scores did not reach them! Senior Srividhya said Emory was not a very good place for CS. You may try your luck because 2 of our seniors are on a fellowship. But apply early!

Georgia Tech

1st Applicant

I applied here as a probable university (similar to Purdue). They seem to be following a very irrational method of admission. They bumped me whereas Merle and Lakhs were given TAs. I had similar or better credentials than them in every aspect you might look into. The only reason I can think of is the way in which I wrote my SOP. I was interested in a variety of fields (even though they lacked synergy). So I mentioned every one of them in my SOP and the work I had done in each field. This should have been construed as lack of focus and research aptitude. (I personally feel that nobody (any undergrad student) can actually decide on what he is going to do in his PhD during his final year of undergraduate study. He might have certain inclinations and interests but it is simply too early to decide.) I was true to myself in that I wanted to do research in all the fields I had mentioned. The moral of the story is, even if you don’t have any real idea of what you want to do or even if you like a variety of unrelated fields please don’t mention so in you SOP and stick to a particular field of interest. ‘Coz there are crazy, illogical and irrational fools sitting in admission committees ( akin to our cricket selection committee ) who think that just because you mention so many fields in you SOP, you (in this case me with 9.4, 2320, 88% ) are fit for nothing. The decisions seem to be more rational (i.e. based on the quantifiable results) in top universities. The top three universities I applied to, gave me admits and the last three universities I applied to, bumped me. Please excuse me for the above digression. Apart from that, the college of computing in GTECH is a good a place to be in for a variety of fields. Usually, the credential requirements for GTECH and Purdue are similar.

2nd Applicant

Gives PhD admissions easily and aid is automatically assured with a PhD admit. Also highly ranked univ. S GRE is required here else the app will be incomplete. Though they say they require Sub GRE’s > 90%ile, it is strange that I got an admit here. No aid for Masters.

Anyone with 8.5+, 2100+, 70%ile+ has a good chance of getting a PhD admission. GPA’s with 8+, give a try for PhD here. You may get thro’. Toppers! Leave this for lesser GPA’s who want to do a PhD because you may get thro in better universities like Stanford, CMU, etc. for a Ph.D.

3rd Applicant

Excellent all round place in terms of dept size, ranking, research and overall ranking. Don’t believe Sunder-man. They want focused people like me and not confused ones like him ;-). I think MS doesn’t have aid, full aid guaranteed for all Ph.D. students. Other guy in is Muralikrishna. If you have an 8.6+ with 2200+ GRE and 80+ AGRE, interested in a Ph.D. and think that you can get along with me reasonably well, you should app here. I think that you will have more admits next year, as one of your seniors is going to make a great impression here.

Why I had an Admit = same decent credentials funda. I do think AGRE made an impact. Plus I had strongly indicated in my sop that I was inclined towards research and definitely will be with them to complete my Ph.D. (GTECH people are very anxious about this aspect).

4th Applicant

Nothing much to say, I feel that I was denied admit for PhD because of my AGRE.

Iowa State University

1st Applicant

I applied here only in Jan after meeting Dr.Manimaran of ISU, in the Calcutta Conference (HiPC’99). In the first meeting itself he said he had an asst. free and if I had a GRE score above 22 and Top 10 % grading in RECOS (in RECOS which everyone gets easily in our dept) then he can give an asst. Later I just mailed him once and he said I can apply for both CS dept and CE dept with a single application fee and I just did the same.

In CE dept., he carried my application literally and I got all this TA and PACE because of him. He said that he got me TA, even thou the deadline for it was over when my app reached their dept.

I’m going for M.S (CE) in Diff. Services (pretty scary term, isn’t it?), N/Ws and Dist. Systems.

Regarding the CS department, I do not know how I got admit and aid from here as he said that he was not aware of me applying there though he only asked me to apply for both.

2nd Applicant

BUMP. Good college. Everyone who applied was bumped. Apply only if you have a contact there. I applied because of matching research interests.

3rd Applicant

Bump. Good univ. My low credentials (GRE) probably got me a bump. All those who applied to this university except Swaminathan got a bump. Swami is going to this university. Manimaran who is known to Renuka madam has given him aid. Contact swami for more details as he is going there.

Johns Hopkins University

Applied for PhD.BUMP.Scores sent – All Xerox copies. I asked for an application fee waiver and they accepted it.

Everything was free with this university expect for the postage of course. This was very strong in cluster computing. That is why I chose to do a PhD here. This Univ accepts ONLY 10 students and that to only for PhD.

Kansas State University:

M.S. Admit.

Refused to give aid. Tried to contact some professors, but none of them replied. They have some good professors in distributed computing. Aid not very easy for M.S. and obviously not a very good college to do your Ph.D. Previous applicants specifically mentioned that aid was available only for Ph.D. I decided to defy it. Still could not make aid.

Michigan State University:

1st Applicant

This is one place which, on hindsight, I felt I shouldn’t have applied to. I had been ultra-conservative in choosing this university as a safe place and I request you not to follow a similar course. MSU is one place which has an undisputed and doubtless reputation of determining aid purely based on your AGRE score. So, for those of you with a relatively lesser GPA, but with a capability and confidence of securing a good AGRE score, this is THE place you can try for.

2nd Applicant

This univ looks at your subject GRE. Though not very strong in computer architecture I applied to this univ because I had pretty good chances of getting in. 3 of us (Methuen, Saravanan and me ) got TA from this univ.

3rd Applicant

Very AGRE strong…

New Jersey Inst. of Technology

1st Applicant

NJIT has 50% Indian Students and is ranked!! .GRE score. I don’t recommend this univ as aid chances are almost nil. But a student there said it was possible to pay the fees through campus jobs. Getting an admission is quite easy. If you can’t think of any other univ, apply to this one (just $50).

2nd Applicant

It’s PIG SHIT in capital letters.

New Mexico State University:

BUMP. Ranked college. Not situated in the industrial belts hence problem arises when it comes to finding jobs. They seem to be bothered about academics (GPA). Guys with GPA less than 8.0 need not app to this college

North Carolina State University:

1st Applicant

I shouldn’t have applied to this place. One of my friends in U.S asked me to app to this place. I don’t know very much about this univ. Its neighbors are UNC Chapel Hill and Duke Univ. I thought I could transfer credits to one of those well known Univs (Normally it happens in this place).

2nd Applicant

Very good university. Our senior Balsa is there. This is a part of the research triangle (UNC Chapel hill, Duke, and NCSU). They look at your subject GRE. It was surprising that in spite of a lot of people applying to this univ, none of us got aid first. With Bales’ help, Ramrod got RA later from a professor there.

Northwestern University

I really do not know why I applied here that too for a PhD program

Good place to blow out your money.

Ohio State University:

1st Applicant

This is a reasonably good university, the main attraction being that it is very Anna friendly. Almost ten of us made it to this university, two with fellowships and the rest with TA/RA. I had this as my safe university since over the past 2 years, it has been consistently favorable towards CEG applicants and there is absolutely no reason why this should not continue in greater proportions in the years to come, considering the quality of our students going there. I strongly encourage a good number of you to try this place.

2nd Applicant

They have lots of admits + aid over here. Really have a good impression on Anna Univ, thanks to our seniors. Hope, the record is maintained. Applied because our seniors got lots of admits with aid.

GRE doesn’t matter here. People with 8+, 2000+ can give a try here. Admission with aid is almost assured for 8.5+, 2100+. I was shortlisted for a TA (not offered) and they asked me whether I was interested in their univ (If I was interested, I had a 99% chance of getting aid). By then, I took a decision on the univ to which I was going and hence rejected the offer.

Here also, they are very busy giving admission offers that the Grad-Sec never replies for email queries. But, Profs normally reply. You can contact Dr.P.Sadayappan (saday@cis.ohio-state.edu) if you have any doubts regarding the procedures. He is helpful.

3rd Applicant

A safe place for everybody. Admit and aid sure if you have 8.5+, 2150+. Great for networks and good place to be in. Lots of funding and lots of our people here. 10 of you can apply here especially as they gave us 5 TA and 2 fellowships. I got admit + TA. Decent credentials are enough.

4th Applicant

the 2nd largest university in the US. Lots of Indian grad students. I heard that one can go there even without aid and manage as there is lots of funding (including jobs in other departments). Although the univ catalog says that TSE is needed for TA, they grant TAs even without it, but one has to clear the SPEAK (administered on campus) to get full stipend.

Areas of active research: ATM, Multimedia networking, Parallel & Distributed Computing.

5th Applicant

Applied for MS. Admit + TA. Scores sent – GRE, AGRE, TOEFL

Nice for Distributed Computing. Lots of Indians are here. Quarter system … so you can finish early…but you have to slog.

Oregon State University

1st Applicant

I applied here as a safe university that has a history of giving tons of admits of AU students. Of the 9 people who applied for CS this year (including one senior), two got fellowships, six got TAs, only one got bumped and you guessed right, that fortunate person is me. The reasons for my bump are the same as that of for GTECH. This is a very big university with a lot of students of Indian origin. It is good for networking. Since they give admit with aid to every Tom, Dick and Harry that says he comes from AU computer science, I strongly suggest/advice the toppers ( top 5 ) to desist from applying here.( Anyway, you will get aid from a better university. Even if you get a fellow here it is better to go the better university with TA or RA). Guys with CGPA 8.5-8.9, GRE~2200 can expect aid here. Sub GRE helps even though it is not required.

2nd Applicant

CS dept isn’t all that good here. Aid chances depend on the availability of funds. Last year, one guy with credentials no better than mine (some other college) got aid while this year I didn’t.

Oregon Graduate Institute of Technology:

1st Applicant

M.S. Admit – no aid

My worst choice. Was a last minute replacement. Big mistake. Never apply here as this a purely graduate institution. So there are no TA’s. I came to know of this only after applying. Felt very bad. RA’s very difficult to get. So forget this univ. also this is a private univ. so funding very less.

2nd Applicant

OGI does not have undergraduates. So no chance for TA. Admits easy. Aid chances slim.

Areas of active research: databases, AI

Penn State

I shall give some points about Penn State. The information I am providing below is from the Graduate Brochure of the Computer Science and Engineering Department and can be taken as FACTS, not my opinion.

Penn State requires the GRE and the TOEFL. The TSE is required for eligibility for financial assistance. The AGRE is strongly recommended. It is not possible, except under extenuating circumstances, to break-off from the Ph.D. program and receive a M.S. degree alone.

Purdue University – West Lafayette:

1st Applicant

The chosen one. Ranked 11th in the current US news rankings and has been rising in the rankings in the past. Not the best university for research. Is of the same caliber as that of UIUC in research. But the course work is very intensive here and the standards very high. This is where Douglas Comer (TCP/IP) is. There is a large Indian Student community here. Apart from that Indy car racing, Indiana Grand Prix are the other attractions. I applied here as one of my probable universities, since seniors with similar or slightly lower credentials had secured aid. There was a myth that Purdue does not give aid to M.S. But Marla got TA for MS The reason why I am mentioning this is; do not blindly follow/believe what has been written in this book or something that was told by some senior. Apply your thought, browse extensively through the university web pages, contact the students there, contact some professors there and then decide on the university to apply. People usually have the tendency to match their credentials with some senior in the app info and blindly ape his/her choices. Please don’t do that. CGPA~9, GRE~2200, SUBGRE~75 should do the trick.

2nd Applicant

My destination in U.S: Good university (known for network security), highly ranked (among the top ten), excellent funding. It was a great surprise that I was admitted for M.S with aid because there was no track record of any of our seniors getting aid for Master’s. My senior VP went with aid for Ph.D.

GPA matters very much here. Though S GRE is recommended, they aren’t very particular about it. I didn’t send my S GRE scores here. Applying for M.S leading to PhD helped because if I wasn’t able to make it to M.S, I would have definitely got a PhD admit + aid. This was my PhD safe.

Anyone with 8.5+, 2200+ should definitely give a try here. Students go for internships. Neil Armstrong graduated from this univ :-). The first and the last man to visit the moon graduated from Purdue. It is called the “cradle of astronauts”.

3rd Student

I had a very bad experience here. I chose ECE to CS as Sunder-man and Muralikrishna had applied to CS. (There was a CE program inside CS. I preferred CE in ECE as I didn’t feel like clashing). Professor in ECE I contacted kept telling me that it would be a cakewalk. But I got bumped off. Now I feel that I would have got into CS if I had applied. App here to CS if you have 8.8+ and good GRE. They have lots of money, so aid is not a problem.

Why I got Bumped = ECE too IIT strong and GPA strong. CS gettable though. Avoid ECE here like plague (no matter what the Professors tell you.

4th Applicant

BUMP- (8.5 + only apply) applied because it was a univ whose name I knew from the 1st semester and because that was the name of the only college my brother (elder) recognized.

Other Remarks by those who considered this university:

CS -Gettable

Rutgers- the State University of New Jersey:

This is a considerably high ranked university with a very good reputation. Seems to be a safe choice for anyone with a GPA of above 8.5. Subject GRE is required.

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

I really don’t know why I applied to this place. Rensselaer refused aid for me although I got admitted for Ph.D. So you can imagine the state of funding there. Apply to Rensselaer Ph.D. if you have 72,000$ cash and fancy studying in a place half the size of our football ground.

Why I got Bumped = Rensselaer research is supposed to be good. But they sent me a mail home asking me to furnish a document showing 72,000$ (or some other ridiculous figure) in cash as I got an admitted without aid. I mailed them back with a mail that boiled down to this: – “If I had 72,000$ with me I would have opened a jewelry shop in T Nagar”

Southern Methodist University

I had a feeling that SMU had 100% acceptance policy:-, its ranked, heard of univ. they were ready to admit anybody from India! I don’t recommend this Univ. because there is financial aid. Please apply to this univ only if you want to create history by managing to secure aid or if you need an admission.

SUNY- Buffalo :

1st Applicant

Aid is next to impossible for MS. The general trend is that they give no aid for MS and ask students applying for MS to join Ph.D. to get an aid. The trend continued till date and I think it will continue.

2nd Applicant

Please don’t app here. I don’t see any reason to apply here. No aid for MS, aid only for PhD. If you want to do MS without aid then you can as well app in some top 50 college. If you want to do a PhD you might as well apply for better colleges than SUNY – Buffalo.

SUNY – Stony Brook:

1st Applicant

Research oriented university .Getting admission is easy. But in the past few years they haven’t given aid for our college for M.S at all. They promised aid from the 2nd semester for me.

Areas of active research: Graphics, Visualization

2nd Applicant

ADMIT: same case as University of California-Irvine. Only admits. No aid for MS students. Good college.

University of Arizona- Tuscon:

1st Applicant

I thought I had a good chance for a TW, but didn’t get one. It may be because I applied late. (I mailed my apps in the first week of Dec). The grad students I contacted told me that UA has lots of funding and that one can come over with a TW and manage.

Areas of active research: Distributed computing, networks.

2nd Applicant

Good univ, but why waste app fees for a Tuition waiver :-). Lots of projects on Distributed Computing. Almost 6 of us bumped their offer.

GPA’s 7.5 – 8.5 should give a try here. One good thing about this univ is that you needn’t waste money sending official score reports of GRE, TOEFL. They are happy with photocopies. I heard aid is available after going to this place.

3rd Applicant

I was desperate to go to University Arizona when I applied. But later I found out that they are very strong in research. Hence I took VirginiaTech instead of University Arizona. But generally a Anna friendly univ. gives a lot of TW.

4th Applicant

Lots of Indians in this univ. The climate is very much Indian. This univ gives plenty of tuition waivers and no aid. But seniors say that you’ll get aid soon after you go there. I got admission in ECE department. They didn’t give me any aid (not even tuition waiver). CS dept asks for TSE. ECE dept doesn’t.

5th Applicant

Seems Tuition Waivers are available for the taking.

6th Applicant

Applied for MS. Admit. Scores sent – GRE, TOEFL, TSE

I know nothing about this univ except that it gives admits with TA for CSE with GPA around 8.5 plus or minus 0.2. They have a peculiar situation wherein they give aid only when you have a SSN number. But you get an SSN number only when you reach US. Catch 22 situation. That is, they give you aid once you land there. Check whether this is the same for all universities in Arizona.

7th Applicant

It’s similar to ASU in many ways…u need to have a decent GRE or decent CGPA to get admit from here. A lot of on campus jobs are available…so aid wont be a problem at all.ASU is better than UofA in many ways but since this is highly ranked than ASU , I might be prefering UofA.Here too , clashes hardly matter!

University of California – Irvine:

1st Applicant

No chance of aid here. Gives lot of admits. Even a guy with a CGPA of 7.5 can get an admission here. But one of the top ranking schools in US. Top 30. Hence if you are willing to shell out 30K per year, you can choose this univ.

2nd Applicant

Applied for M.S. Good univ I felt. Said he required TSE for an aid. I was giving my TSE so bravely applied??? Unfortunately bumped me. Reason very sure my low GRE scores. A GRE score of 2200 – 2300 would have got me an admit. Also three guys with a good GRE applied to this along with me. One thing very sure about this univ – requirements are high. So apply if you have a decent GPA (8.75), a good GRE (2200) and a surely a good TSE score (50-55). My TSE score became useless since I flunked it. This univ allows u to go for an internship. Plenty in number –its California Result: Bump

3rd Applicant

ADMIT; good college. But bad policy because of no aid to any MS student at all. Only PhD. guys get aid. This was told to me by an admission officer of the Graduate office in Irvine.

University of California –Los Angeles:

Another ‘Dream School’. When I asked my senior Bugs regarding applying to this univ, he strongly advised me against it for, he didn’t want me to waste my app cost. However, I applied because there was a professor (Dr. Ercegovac) whose interest was reconfigurable computing and computer arithmetic – exactly like mine. Moreover, our final yr project was very much in the line of his work. So, my idea was “why not give it a shot, after all there are 5 probable universities and we can surely make it in to at least one of them”. Anyway, they bumped me. I still feel some amount of professor contact would have helped. I committed a serious mistake in not trying well to contact the professor. (a professor contact doesn’t help in all universities. Some even discourage it. However, in most of the universities, it helps a lot.)

University of California – Santa Barbara:

1st Applicant

This was an interesting univ. Initially they gave me admission for Master’s with TA and half Tuition waiver and conveyed this to me by email and asked me to give their acceptance. When I didn’t care to reply, they sent me a bump letter.

Again GPA’s 7.5 – 8.5 can give a try. Nothing much about this univ.

2nd Applicant

I was told that my app was not being processed due to lack of application fee. I furnished evidence of payment of app fee. In spite of that I did not hear from them afterwards. Moreover, they don’t seem to give aid for M.S (from what I have seen over the past few years). Also, Fee waivers are not granted to international applicants (Univ policy). Hence I would advise against applying to this university.

University of Chicago:

It is known for its liberal admits to Indian Students and called rightly as “University for Indians at Chicago” as lot of Madras Univ. guys enter easily here. I just chose this to be a safe and applied. No other specific reason for applying here.

2. University of Cincinnati

1st Applicant

Good university for computer engineering. Lots of research in Reconfigurable computing. Waiver easily available. Many of my friends with less GPA got waiver. I had applied very late like in Feb and my app was declined

2nd Applicant

M.S. Bump

Don’t app here if you have good and decent credentials like me. Gave t/w to Hangnail who had a CGPA of 7.5 and gave me, Rajesh and Sundar (EEE) bumps for higher credentials. Said I was refused admission because of high competition. Surely we guys deserve a much better Univ. than this.

University of Delaware:

1st Applicant

M.S. Admit .Very slow in processing. Processes application in the descending order of GRE score (fool – he said FCFS and betrayed me) did not bother to enquire once I got aid from university of Kansas. Good for n/w and dist. Systems

2nd Applicant

A safe. You will make an admit here. (GRE strong) I was the first to make it because of GRE score. Others here were lower

3rd Applicant

Applied for MS .Admit .Scores sent – GRE, TOEFL .This was a safe univ. It had good funds and was moderately OK for networks.

4th Applicant

It is good for AI and networking. The only info I have about this university is that they process the application in decreasing order of GRE scores.

University of Florida:

1st Applicant

It is believed to be univ with rolling admission. But I applied on Nov 1st to get the admit letter on May. Hence do consider before applying.

2nd Applicant

I got my admit letter when I was preparing for my VISA interview. They exhibited some remarkable pace in processing apps. Finally, they refused aid saying that they didn’t receive my TSE scores which I had sent thru’ ETS, FAX and email.

University of Georgia – Athens:

1st Applicant

ADMIT+TA. UGA though not ranked seems to be a quite decent college. Not much of research work is going here but they do research on distributed information systems. This college is very responsive in their correspondence with students. Heard that graduates of UGA are placed in good companies. This college is not concerned much about GPA. They mainly use GRE score for giving aid. People with GRE of above 2150 have good chance of securing aid.

2nd Applicant

Supposed to be the oldest university in US and has a decent computer science department.

3rd Applicant

ADMIT+TA. UGA though not ranked seems to be a quite decent college. Not much of research work is going here but they do research on distributed information systems. This college is very responsive in their correspondence with students. Heard that graduates of UGA are placed in good companies. This college is not concerned much about GPA. They mainly use GRE score for giving aid. People with GRE of above 2150 have good chance of securing aid.

University of Illinois – Urbana Champagne

1st Applicant

This is a very highly ranked university that has a history of admitting AU students. Though they did not give any aid this year, we secured four admits. The reasons for not securing any aid are as follows.

One, most of them who applied did not write TSE (sandy, Deepak, Merle, Methuen). Two, I wrote TSE but had only 50 which was not good enough in this university. You need 55 to safely get a TA and TA is the major form of aid in UIUC. Around 90% of the students are supported using TAs. Even though AGRE is strongly recommended in this college, it seems to make no impact at all. This university strictly requires a financial document – a proof for your finances and this is a criterion even for admission (Methuen got bumped due to that). Admission for PhD is very very competitive. M.S and M.S/PhD are easier to get in. I applied for PhD and they took aeons to decide on my application. Finally they bumped me for PhD and gave an admit to M.S. Not a very great univ for research (it does not deserve the ranking it has). If you have 9+ CGPA, 2200+ and 55 in TSE, you can treat this college as a safe or a probable college.

2nd Applicant

Highly ranked univ and a good dept. It seems they don’t have email facilities :-) (No replies from graduate secretaries or for that matter any official in this univ). May be, they are very busy having MoU with Indian computer centers like Quantum Institute, etc. Applied to this because they gave lot of admits and aid for my seniors.

If you have a 9+, 2200+, admit is easy. Without TSE, aid is next to impossible. For admit without a TSE score, financial stmt. is needed.

3rd Applicant

Another one in the top schools list. Excellent research in reconfigure is going on in its ECE dept. CS dept has been giving admits to us. However, since comp. arch work is going on in ECE dept, I’d to app there. It has been almost impossible getting into the ECE dept. Our ECE topper (Arum) was bumped! Moreover, it requires TSE for any form of assistantship. I didn’t send my financial statement. So, there was no chance for the univ, even to consider me for admission. Thinking back, I feel foolish to have applied to this univ. Even Methuen (Our topper) who applied to CS dept was bumped. (He didn’t take up his TSE neither did he send his financial statement.) The universities rationale is “a guy doesn’t. Take TSE => No aid. So, to offer admission, he/she should at least be able to support himself/herself during study (financial statement vouches for this). If not, bump him/her”. That’s pretty logical. However not all universities are so strict about financial statement and TSE either.

4th Applicant

The results with this university this year have been very shocking and contrary to expectations. This univ. has had the characteristic of being very Anna friendly in the past (last year around 5 applicants got aid). I do not see a concrete reason for this sudden turnaround. One possible factor contributing to the decline is that most of the applicants this year (except one) did not take the TSE. UIUC is crazy about TSE, since the state of Illinois forbids award of a TA without a passing TSE score. Considering the fact that TA is the predominant form of aid given here, this could be a reason why none of us got an aid here. Another reason is what I had mentioned earlier. A financial statement seems to be absolutely essential even for your application to be considered by this university. (This university has the distinction of being deaf to whatever mail you send. So don’t be very much worried if you don’t hear from the University for a Considerable Length of time.

5th Applicant

Applied for MS/PhD. BUMP

Scores sent – GRE, AGRE, TOEFl and Financial Statement

This univ gave admit to my senior with similar scores, so I applied. This was supposed to be Anna friendly. I did not have a realistic chance over here…. Just an outside chance. Nothing wrong in trying your hand at some high ranked univ. You never know when luck smiles on you.

6th Applicant

It is very very CGPA strong….Not at all recommended for people with <9 CGPA

University of Kansas – Lawrence:

1st Applicant

M.S. Admit + Aid .Very hot for n/w. yearly around $11 million are invested for research in this area. Was pleased to get into it. I am going to this Univ. be careful with the graduate admissions officer (Carmela Sibley) here. She is a lazy woman. Keep reminding her regularly after u have applied else she will doze off or go on leave. Had a bitter experience getting my admission letter and I-20. Gave aid to 2 of us (Muthuvelan and myself). 4 of them in ECE got into it – 3 with aid. Had plenty of money this year – looks like. Contact me for further details. Anyone with a decent GRE and GPA (>8) will be able to get into it with full aid. TSE necessary for TA and recommended for RA.

2nd Applicant

Good for Networking and Distributed Computing. People with 8+ and >2000 can apply here. TSE is required for a TA. They have increased the intake of Anna University students due to good showing by our ECE seniors over there.

University of Maryland- College Park

1st Applicant

(BUMP) applied just for kicks. I was almost sure of a bump. I do not think there is any use of applying here since last year’s topper (samba) also was bumped with no reason

2nd Applicant

Very good university and has one of the heavily funded computer science department. It is particularly good in the field of Artificial Intelligence, databases and distributed computing. Nothing is known about the attitude of this university towards Indians except contempt. They consider IIT as only college in India. I suggest the topper could app here. It requires AGRE and TSE for TA. I wasted $75 as they were doing extensive research in the field of wrappers- my project is also based on wrappers.

University of Maryland – Baltimore County

1st Applicant

It is a fairly new university and has a good computer science department. It is involved in extensive research in the field of agents. People with CGPA 8+ and GRE 2000+ can almost surely get an admit.

2nd Applicant

ADMIT

UMBC researches a lot on agent technology. As my final year project was on mobile agents I applied to this university. Though ranked in the late 90’s for computer science seems to be a good college, located near Washington is an added advantage when it comes to jobs. If you have a GRE >2250 you stand a good chance of getting aid here.

University of Massachusetts – Amherst:

1st Applicant

This is again a very good place for distributed systems, especially with focus on multimedia. It was supposed to be IIT strong, and to some extent, it really is. A considerable proportion of their intake from India is from IITs. Still, this year two of us made it to this univ with aid. I don’t have information to assess the criteria on which they select, except repeating the obvious fact that a good GPA + GRE are what required. AGRE is NOT AT ALL considered by this university, so don’t waste your money sending your score here, however good your score is. TWE score is required here. (I was really impressed by the attractive file that came along with the offer letter from this univ.

2nd Applicant

Applied for MS .BUMP .Scores sent – GRE & TOEFL (no TWE) (Both Xerox copies)

This univ says that TWE is mandatory. But I don’t think so. My reject was purely based on my average academic performance. Supposed to be good in Networks, Dist comp….and so on.

University Minnesota:

1st Applicant-

A decent univ. Aid is very difficult. A very cold place to live (-50 at times). Please do consider before applying.

2nd Applicant

*Applied for MS *BUMP

*Scores sent – GRE, AGRE, and TOEFL I applied here only because it was AGRE strong. They stated it very clearly that aid is dependant only on AGRE score. I got bumped whereas sandy who did not even take AGRE got an admit. Strange policies indeed…..

3rd Applicant

Applied for MS :Bumped

Really good univ. latest CS Engg. ranking is 19 according to US news. I went by my seniors’ app info. 2 years ago 2 of them with a cg of 8.5 and a GRE = 2000 had got into it without aid. So I applied. Thought I could make some RA here. I clashed with sandy since I was taking my AGRE. The univ said AGRE required for aid. Many IITians apply here. All CSE IITians get 99% in AGRE – they cheat u know (we have also decided to do so from this year – check out Kart hick for our AGRE question paper). Back to my story. I sent my free AGRE score to this univ and wrote my AGRE totally without any preparation – I flunked and I was bumped by this univ. never mind. Everyone except sandy got bumped. Even Vijay (90% in AGRE) got bumped. Sandy too got only an admit. App to this only if has a high GPA, GRE and AGRE. Be careful while choosing this univ.

University of Minnesota – Duluth

1st Applicant

I had a feeling that their aid program was good. Nice sop, resume, recos, and GRE score .People with low GPA (7-7.5) so desperate to get into some univ with aid can apply to this univ as a safe. There are many Indian students in this univ. contact them for your queries.

University of Michigan:

1st Applicant

Great school. Ranked in the top 10. Excellent for Computer Architecture. Lakshmi and I applied to this univ. We had the exactly similar credentials – GPA, GRE, AGRE, TOEFL, Recos, and Project Guide! So, we split universities between us avoiding clashes. We also decided to app at least to one univ together (so that it either admits both or bumps both.) The opportunity was awarded to UMich and you know what the result is! This univ hasn’t been cracked by CS guys in the last 3 years. I feel this can definitely be done by the toppers. If some topper is interested in Comp. Arch, this univ is a great choice.

2nd Applicant

THE place to get in, if you are interested in Computer Architecture. Excellent program in Comp Arch with lots of funding / research. Pentium Branch prediction unit was done here. Other fields are also good here. This was the only place I clashed with Kathie. (See his credentials to find out why). We were dreaming of going to the same place and participating in the famous Umich graduation-day bash. Ultimately both of us got bumped off. Apply if you have an 8.8+ and want to do a Ph.D. I feel it is gettable for 8.8+ people. 9+ people who have no interest of doing a Ph.D. here, go ahead, apply and get an admit, so your juniors can make it next time.

Why I got Bumped = although this place is (very) good. I still think it is gettable with my credentials. Umich is very IIT strong, and so is not taking people from Gundy. If one of you with 9.2+ app and get admits and open this place up, I am sure they will start behaving normally.

9. University of New Mexico

Not a great computer science department. But has a decent Electrical Engineering department.

University of South Western Louisiana – Lafayette:

1st Applicant

ADMIT. One with GRE > 2150 will be able to get aid. Though they may not give aid here they will after you go to us. Not a very responsive college. Their whole mail system seems to be nonfunctional as your mails won’t elicit

Any response from them, so it is up to you to app correctly (documents/name formats etc) as far as this college is concerned. Experience speaks.

2nd Applicant

Good for networking. It is a very cheap place. I can’t remember an AU guy who has gone to USL.

University Oregon:

I just wanted to try some untouched college apart from the standard AU favorites. Also, a Prof there said that their dept does some good work in DC and PC. Anyway regd. GTF, They call their TA as GTF (Graduate Teaching Fellowship), which is TA + some other benefits. Really happy that this one clicked thou’ I’m not opting for this. I hope this univ is added to the list of future AU applicants.

University of Utah

This was one place I really wanted to get in. Academically they can’t be termed great, but this place is decent. Since Utah is near California, you get a lot of chance for internship in a good Silicon Valley company. I am a Utah Jazz (Malone and Stockton) fan. Also, Salt Lake City where Utah is situated has many sport stadia that host a variety of high quality sports throughout the year. Two seniors (Balamurugan and E.Vidya) got aid here. So I applied. Every one (boy) who applied here got bumped except Lavonia. I guess they are not an equal opportunity institution and they have a bias (favorable) towards girls. Supposed to be Sub GRE crazy. But, Lavonia had only around 60%. I really don’t know what the criterion for admission here is.

If I am a given a chance now, where would I have applied?

I would not even have considered such low ranked colleges like Utah, OSU and would have stuck to top colleges. The list of universities I would have applied to is CMU, Stanford, Brown, UMass Amherst, University of Southern California and Purdue. CMU, Stanford and Brown are dream universities. UMass is a probable university. USC and Purdue are safes. In this list apart from Purdue, every other university is very strong in Natural Language Processing apart from other fields.

University of Wisconsin – Madison:

1st Student

This is a very good place to be in. A good place for database and distributed systems. Besides, Madison is one of the best places to live in the US (it has reportedly been voted many times as the best living place in US). In my opinion, anybody with a reasonably good GPA (above 9, 9.2) and a decent GRE (above 2200) has a good chance of making it to this university. This seems to one of the Univ., which values a good AGRE score. In fact, it insists on an AGRE score to start processing your application. I personally feel that at least the top 3-5 of you have a bright chance to make it to this university, since your application is going to be processed in the light of their strong opinion that CEG produces top intellectuals (out of their experience with me – I am going to this university :-

2nd Student

These people have a very strong CS program and lots of funding. They are ultimate GPA veterans. Do app only if you have a 9+. Class toppers (1, 2, and 3) will have sure admission and aid. Web-site claims all Indians have aid. In my class only Methuen was applying so I thought I can give it a shot with my high GRE and reasonable grades. While Methuen got a fellowship, I got bumped off. This place has a very early deadline. So beware. Also don’t app to EE as they deal with electricity in the 40000volts range rather than the 5volts we are accustomed to. While admit is easy in EE, funding is almost nil.

Why I got Bumped = Low GPA. Bad Idea to app if you have below 9

University of Texas – Arlington

I still can’t figure out what is their area of specialization is – certainly not networking may be intelligent agents. People with CGPA 7.5+ can app here. If you have taken TSE then you have good chance of getting a TA when you get over there.

University of Texas- Austin:

1st Student

It’s a nice place to do your M.S or Ph.D. You will have a competitive atmosphere (lots of IITians around). Highly ranked univ and admission for M.S easily gettable, but aid is difficult. Austin is also a very cheap place and it’s a developing industrial city. In fact, I applied it as a safe for “admit only” into M.S. My senior Samba had a GPA of 9.8 and S GRE of 89%ile. You won’t believe that she got a bump here for PhD (admitted for M.S though’).

The topper should try this univ. I have a feeling that a GPA of 9+ and a Subject GRE of 95%ile and above will easily get a PhD admission. Teaching Assistance – a possibility. TOEFL Score waiver can be easily got if Verbal Score > 600.

An SVCE guy got an admit for PhD here (normally IITians get an admission for PhD here). He had academic marks around 78% and didn’t take his S GRE. Do you want to know how he got that? His senior (who had presented many papers in Intl Conferences), opened up this univ. and was performing well there. The moral of the story is “Contact your senior and know whether he is performing well. If he isn’t, I don’t think it is really good news for you from that univ.”

M.S decisions are given late (as late as May 1st week). By then you would have made a decision. So if you are very confident of getting a PhD admit, try this. They support PhD students.

2nd Student

ECE here is a bad idea if you have my grades. CS is very much gettable for 8.7+ guys. Texas is very cheap (hot and dusty too) so prefer Texas based places if you don’t get any aid anywhere. Texas Austin ECE is too GPA strong, IIT strong and head strong. (to borrow Ravi Rajan’s words). Impossible place.

Other Remarks by those who considered this university:

They place M.S students in “the bottom link of the food chain”. They said that they simply do not have the funds.

University of Texas, Dallas:

1st Applicant

M.S. Admit

Aid guaranteed if you have either a good GPA or a good GRE. K.S.Balaji was considered for aid. Once he refused then got it by virtue of his better GRE. I did not have one to get one. Industrial area and very cheap to live. Can easily manage without aid for one semester. Second semester – aid assured. Good in systems and s/w engineering. I applied for systems. Jobs easy to get after completing M.S. since it are flooded with s/w industries.

2nd Applicant

ADMIT+AID: Definite admit. Aid is again GRE and GPA strong

3rd Applicant

Easy to get admit with a decent V+Q score…difficult to get aid. But for internships and jobs its one of the best schools.

Texas Tech:

ADMIT. I do not know much information about this college. But gives admits if one has a GPA>7.5. Also gives some 1000$ scholarship pa. Heard that one can get on-campus jobs and support oneself.

University of Toledo:

ADMIT+TUITION WAIVER. Please don’t app to this university. AU students deserve colleges better than this. This college gives tuition waiver to all Desis who apply. Getting visa will be tough as it seems to be in the black listed ones. Students with GPA>7.0 and GRE >2000 will be assured of a tuition waiver. Unranked college.

6. Univ of Tennessee, Knoxville

I heard it was a decent university. I didn’t meet their minimum requirements! Check out if it is good for CS. There are many Asian students in this univ.

University of Virginia:

1st Applicant

The univ I’m going to. A very good school for comp. arch. The dept there is very friendly and is small. Year before last, Isanti Mohan raj from our college went there. The place and the living conditions are great. The univ has lot of funding and gives admits only with aid. 3 of us (Vijay, Deepak and me) got full aid from this univ. This is one of the universities which asked financial statement even for consideration for admission. (Many universities don’t ask financial statement for admission. The ask it only for sending I20. In which case, if you get an aid, the proof of the aid itself is a valid financial document.) I took a risk by not sending one. However, they offered me aid. So, they are not as serious about financial statement as their application says. This univ is a good choice for people with GPA around 8.5 and GRE around 2200.

2nd Applicant

Applied for MS. Admit + TA. Scores sent – GRE, AGRE, TOEFL and Financial Statement

This was the univ which gave me the first Admit. I was surprised to receive an admit with full aid well before their deadline for application was over (Jan End). This univ has a little bit of everything in the field of computer science. A very nice city. It is like a paradise on earth (from what I heard from my seniors and others living there). I had opted for OSU because it had a quarter system. If given another chance I would have grabbed UVa with both hands.

Other Remarks by those who considered this university:

Good Comp-arch

Virginia Tech:

1st Applicant

Aid is said to be very difficult for MS. I am very lucky to get an aid here. If you are looking for a MS degree and then do a job, VTech is one of the schools to which you could apply. Liked by big companies in US.

2nd Applicant

This univ, though not ranked very high for CS, is a top school for EE. Great work is going on in the EE dept. (Comp. Engg. comes under EE dept there). It’s a great place for reconfiguration. I applied for a PhD there (EE Dept) but they gave me an admit for MS. I was really surprised by this for one of the EEE toppers was bumped by this univ. If they’d given me assistantship, I would have gone there. CS dept has given 3 admits (Lype, Jude, Balaji) 2 of which are with full aid. (Lype and Bajaj). This univ has very low application cost! (25 dollars). It is one of those early deadline universities. So apply early for this univ. (November or early December).

3rd Applicant

ADMIT+AID i am going here. Why? Because it is the better of the two colleges I got aid in. it is really good for ECE and EEE. So any computer engineering. Guy should apply here. SK said that reconfiguration. Work here is excellent.

Washington University – St. Louis:

1st Applicant

Although it is mentioned in the webpage that AGRE is a must to be considered for admission, one can request himself/herself to be considered without it.

Areas of active research: middleware for distributed systems – they have a distributed object computing centre (DOC) for research activities.

2nd Applicant

*Applied for MS

*Admit

*Scores sent – GRE, AGRE, TOEFL

I applied here just because my friend said that this is a good univ for dist. comp… I don’t know for sure. What I know for sure is that this univ gives aid only based on AGRE score. I got 90 and I did not get aid. I don’t know why?

Washington State University- Pullman:

This was my safe. Now, I feel I needn’t have applied to this place. There’s a professor. there who is an alumnus of SCSE. (Dr. Krishnamurthy – krishna@eecs.wsu.edu) He’d come here twice. He’s working on Networks. Umea Maheswari madam will be able to give you more info for, he’s her student. When I mailed him writing about my scores interests etc… He told me that I can easily make it into WSU with aid. He also asked me (In a personal, non-official message!) to consider better universities for my credentials and interests. An MCA student (Haring) is going there. She is in touch with Dr. Krishnamurthy and he’s giving her RA

Random Comments about Science and Art of Applying

ADVICE

1. Select colleges mainly based on your area of Interest. I think there is nothing wrong in choosing a safe university (only for aid) where you have a very good chance of making it with aid. However, the search for the right safe university can be tough to decide.

2. Before deciding to app to any university, just ask them whether they provide any financial aid for your program or not, as generally some universities don’t consider MS students for aid itself. These decisions can change every year due to change in funds position in the dept/professor, change in admission comm. etc… Say, the same Penn State or SUNYSB can give a TA for M.S the next year and don’t blame me if it happened so. I really missed out on this and applied for 3 colleges which refused aid for MS right away.

3. Regarding clashes, I feel every application is viewed separately and one need not have a great sense of paranoid about it. But, this shouldn’t encourage a guy with a very good GPA to apply to a prospective university for lower GPA guys.

Aim high!!! Don’t underestimate yourself. If you plan to apply for 10 colleges then I would suggest the following split up

2 very high ranked Universities where you have a very slim chance of making it.

3 universities where you have an outside chance

3 universities where you have a good chance

2 safes (places where there are a sufficient funds and moderately OK education). You can probably refrain from this applying to ‘safe’ universities because you may not go there even when you get an aid there.

This is the list of colleges that I would apply if given another chance:

1. UIUC

2. Purdue

3. U Texas Austin

4. U Maryland College Park

5. U Massachusetts Amherst

6. University of Virginia

7. Ohio State University

8. University of Arizona

9. Michigan State University

10. University of Delaware

ADVICE

Don’t be paranoid about SOPs and Recos. They do matter….but not very much.

1. Apply to colleges with ranks above fifty, without worrying about whatever GPA you’ve got. They will certainly give you admits with aid. If you think low ranked universities will suit you better because you’ve got low GPA/GRE you’re mistaken. Low ranked universities will give admits but not financial aid. So be careful.

2. DON’T be bothered about clashes; it will NOT affect anyone at all. The universities have been giving admits to everyone or bumps to everyone so don’t worry. Don’t worry about clashes and go for lower rank universities.

3. Applying to very few universities (4-5) would do. Choose good universities (not only based on rank but professor contact, seniors; that is what really matters). Save your dad’s money. You’ll need a lot of it when you have to fly. Be choosy in applying. Then be confident and pursue contacting the Profs and seniors. You’ll certainly get an admit and aid.

4. Most universities that gave aid previous year didn’t give this year. NCSU, UTAH most universities that had no history of giving aid gave fellowships. CMU, so the information provided in this app-info may not help this year.

5. Apply meetings don’t help so u needn’t attend at all.

6. Don’t be worried if you get a low verbal score. It will certainly not affect you. Getting a high GRE score may sometime not help at all. Have a look at everyone’s app-info and you’ll find that GRE score has rarely helped so don’t be worried if you have got a low score.

7. Don’t get tensed while doing this applying business. Stay relaxed and don’t care a damn about what others do. Don’t hurry, be careful.

8. After applying is in touch with the Profs and seniors you know in those universities. If you mail a professor and he does not reply, mail him again (you can go up to 10 mails without a reply). They will not get irritated but will appreciate your persistence.

9. If you don’t get financial assistance from the grad school try to get an RA from some professor. you can even try to get some job from some other department.eg. Someone got a job of doing web design for the psychology department. They paid him in an hourly basis amounting to more than what a TA would generally get.

Univs to which I would have applied if given a second chance:

· U Virginia (I had this in my list of selected universities till the last minute – the replacement for this was OGIST- big mistake)

· U of Arizona, Tucson (same as above – chose ASU instead of this)

· Ohio state Univ. ( I had even this – I dropped because of my low GRE – feel now that I would have made it – looks like it became a safe for every guy who applied)

· Purdue University

· U Kansas

· Iowa state

· U Texas, Dallas

· U Minn., TC

· UCI

ADVICE:

· Take your tests as early as possible and app quickly. Take all the tests including TSE and AGRE. You might find it useful. Prepare well for your AGRE. I wrote it with zero prep (I swear) and that is why I flunked.

· Please give a deep thought after a detailed analysis of any univ to decide whether u really want to apply and u going to gain much by applying to that Univ. Competition keeps increasing year by year, so it’s safer applying to 8 or 10 Univ., unless u really feel u will run out of money or very confident of getting into any. Nothing is assured until u get an admit + full aid from the univ. So be very careful in choosing your universities.

· Clashing – very interesting issue. I just feel I made a mistake by thinking too much about it. U guys aren’t the only ones applying to that univ. See it from a global perspective. I feel I dropped all the good universities in the list that I have given just above fearing a clash. You can clash even with your topper as long as your recos don’t say something stupid. (For e.g. your CGPA is 8.5 and your topper’s 9.5, if he gets a top 1% don’t go about getting a top 2% or 5% in your reco. – both of u will blow your top by doing so- not only that it might influence the Univ. decision next year).

· Always app to a Univ. which has no history. One such Univ. this year was university of mass, Amherst – both Methuen and Sandy got TA.

· Start contacting Profs in 2 or 3 universities right from august or September. All Profs Sit together to take a decision on your application. So if a Prof. says he knows u and that u have been having contact with him it will help u.

· Don’t app for a Ph.D. unless you are really sure of doing it. Be firm in your decision.

If given another chance now, complete list of Univ. you would have applied

OHIO

University of Virginia, Charlottesville + all those above

ADVICE

General Comments or Advise to your juniors.

Do not look at clashes too much. But they do matter when hordes of toppers apply. eg. 3 guys applied to Purdue including me. GPA was 9.5, 9.4 and 8.449(me) got it. I was way behind these guys with no filling gap also. No point applying too low if you will not go there. Use the money instead on a better college. Be early. I applied real late and hence was nervous. I applied only in early Jan.

General Comments

(1) There is often a misconception about the relative importance of CGPA and GRE.

One should remember that for securing an admit, the university considers your CGPA and is satisfied with a decent GRE score. If you are to be awarded assistantship then they want your GRE score to be good. People with low GRE score tend to believe that if they app for a low ranked college they get aid. I believe that this is not true – see my list of applied colleges and the results.

(2) I believe that universities that are low in the rankings are so because they do not have enough funds. Hence not often they do not give more than one TA/RA for guys from same university.

(3) I feel there should be a certain degree of optimism while applying. I was not so optimistic when choosing my universities. I think I should have applied to higher ranked universities.

(4) The app info is only based on the experience of your seniors; it is not a complete guide. When you go through the app info, if you find a guys with little better credentials getting admits to a particular university then you can consider that university as your safe.

(5) Universities attitude towards AU keeps changing based on the performance of the students whom it had taken in the past.

Conclusion

If I were to be given a chance then the following my choices are – University of Arizona, ASU, Ohio State and University of Kansas. I would have tried Indiana University which is giving many admits to SVCE students. I believe that people with 8+ and 2000+ should not apply to colleges like UGA, UNM, USL and UTA.

University of Georgia, Athens

ADVICE

Some General Tips about Applying:

· Don’t just look at the rankings as if they were the only guide, and don’t look at just one ranking. Some rankings that you must look are those published by the NRC, U.S. News and World Report, and the Gourman Report. Each of these rankings is based on a combination of factors. You need to judge which factors are important to you. In this regard, begin your ranking search at www.phds.org. You can customize the rankings to tailor to your needs and expectations.

· After you have a list of universities that may interest you, try and look at the annual reports that are published by the Department. Each university publishes these and they are usually available for public viewing at their respective web-sites. Here, you can find information about how much money the department had (and has), how many students were supported through financial aid, how many research publications were done etc. This information should help you short-list your options.

· Look at the placement statistics for the CS Department from the respective office of the universities. If they are not readily available, the university should provide you this information on demand.

· Look though the students’ web pages (especially those of Indians) to find out information about internships. Students usually put this information in their web pages, as it is a feather in their cap.

· Use the facilities provided by the United States Education Foundation in India (USEFI). They publish some handbooks that contain some tips about applying. E.g. “The International Student Handbook” published by ETS and NAFSA and “The Graduate School Folder” is available at USEFI for about Rs. 100. Also attend the seminars that are conducted there.

· Try and match your research interests with the universities that you are choosing and NOT THE OTHER WAY AROUND. If you search hard, you will find your PERFECT University!

· Remember that the published rankings are all for the Ph.D. programs in their respective universities.

I have lived in the U.S. for three years, where I did a part of my schooling. I therefore have some unique qualifications. These are reflected in my SOP, Recommendation Letters, etc.

5. I would have applied to Penn state and dropped NJIT.

Since ASU gives a lot of admits, guys with low CGPA can app there. Don’t worry about the aid. It’s a highly funded school and you will get funded as soon as you go there. Toppers- don’t app to UofA…what u can get is TW and nothing more. People who r not finicky about aid can app to UTD, ASU, UofA and NCSU. And one final suggestion-people avoid going thru this app-info…This misguides u in more than one way…I have seen ppl who spent hours going thro this and finally ending up with the wrong set of univs..Have 2 safes. 2 Probable and 2 to blow out your money.

If you have any more questions or need any help, people do not hesitate to mail me at premkr@mailcity.com

If given another chance now, complete list of universities you would have applied

1. UTArlington

2.USL

3. UGeorgia

4.UMD

5.Baylor

ADVICE

General Tips:

1. Take your TOEFL as early as August and for that you have to apply very early. Normally getting TOEFL paper test dates are a problem. Though I didn’t fear of getting a bump in any of the colleges above, I had a fear of getting bumped for the TOEFL exam (I applied for it late). Many of my classmates got a bump for TOEFL date. Without this exam, your app will not be complete and whatever be your credentials, the decision on your app gets late. If u r taking TOEFL, take it in the month when TWE is also offered. Some universities require a TWE score too.

2. Depending on the universities. Chosen, decide whether to take a TSE or not. E.g. universities like UIUC, U Florida, etc. require a TSE for giving aid. But some universities like Purdue, etc. are not very particular about it and normally they ask u to take a speak test when you go over there.

3. If u r taking S GRE, prepare well for it. Don’t just write for the sake of it. A good score will definitely boost your chances. Normally what happens is you get exhausted after applying, doing projects, etc. and take the S GRE easy. If you have a good S GRE score, you may get a fellowship where without that you would have got a TA/RA. Again based on the colleges, decide whether to take S GRE or not. e.g., UT-Austin, MSU, GTECH, etc. insist on your S GRE scores.

4. After deciding on the colleges, immediately send the additional score reports. Don’t wait for the applying to be over. It takes normally a month’s time for ETS to report the ASR’s to the universities.

5. Before deciding on the college, contact your senior (if any) and get to know about the college and your chances. He / She would have more details after 1 or 2 months in that univ, than what he had here in India.

6. Normally, the universities want the recos to state that so and so are in the top 5 – 10% of his class. See to it that you get a reco like that. Recos are as important as any other test.

7. Discuss among yourselves about the colleges u r going to app for and avoid major clashes. E.g. a clash between a 9.6 and 9.4 is ok. But a clash between 9.8 and 8.2 will only result in a bump for 8.2. So, be practical. Also, if the GRE scores difference is below 100-150, don’t fear about clashes.

8. Be open and frank with your friends (on the college’s u r applying to). We had an open discussion on such things and the end result is there for you to see. Around 30 admissions with assistance.

9. I would suggest you restrict the no. of universities to 5 or 6. (Break up: 2 risk, 2 ok, 1 or 2 safe).

10. Write to us (your seniors) on whatever doubts you have and we are always ready to help you in your applying process. We know how difficult the whole procedure is. So, DON’T HESITATE to email your seniors, even IF YOU DON’T KNOW them.

In the app-info given by our super seniors, they said it is very difficult to get into this univ and aid is next to impossible. But my senior got an aid and Ramrod is also well placed. The moral is:” Things written in the app-info are personal views of each person (who doesn’t even know how the grad committee evaluates, but presents it on the basis of his/her experience). You should try to take the essence from the app-info and take independent decisions. The graduate committee changes every year, their criterion changes, there may be special factors, etc.” Many of my classmates suffered by making their decisions based only on app-info comments.

General Comments:

Although these are some of the guidelines, please do not stick only to this. The trends can change in some cases. Regarding the AGRE examination, the trend in our set is that only Michigan State Univ admitted students depending on AGRE scores. NCSU, UT Austin. Do not feel dejected if your scores are not as high as others. All the universities do not see only the scores, only the CGPA. Apply to at least 1/2 high ranked universities. Do not care about the clashes. The Recos you get are equally important as compared to your GRE, TOEFL scores.

I did not contact my seniors when choosing the universities. Do not make the same mistake. Contact me and I am there to help you.

The choice of the nine universities was like this – 3 ‘Dream Schools’ (all bumped me!) 5 good and probable ones (the rest except WSU), 1 safe (WSU). I intend to do my PhD. So, I applied for PhD in real great schools. In others, I applied for MS so that I can get a chance to do my PhD in a better univ.

Now, for a brief look at the universities I applied to:

This is the list of universities I applied. Given another chance, the list of universities I’ll app to will be: Umich, UCLA (more of professor contact), UVirginia, GTECH, Ohio State, (for both GTECH and Ohio, I needn’t have worried about clashes), MSU, UArizona, NCSU and VTech. I would have dropped UIUC and WSU.

So, that’s for the list of universities. Now for some general guidelines:

· Apply early. This helps in case of universities with early deadlines. Moreover, you’ll not be burdened during end-semester exams. I made a mess by not applying early.

· Concentrate well on your SOP. It should be clear and focused and not just flowery. When you write your own recos, don’t be extremely praising. Be realistic. Write to me if you want to look at my SOP and self written recos. I can also get you some of my friends’ docs.

· Do not worry too much about clashes. If it’s clashing with people having similar credentials, there’s no reason to worry at all. Even if it is clashing with people above you, it is OK to an extent. (Say when 3 people are clashing). Classic examples are Ohio (Lots of clashes for Ohio but still they gave 5 TAs and 2 Fellowships.), UVa (I clashed with Deepak and Vijay) and MSU (I clashed with Methuen and Saravanan).

· I applied online to UCLA, UIUC, UVirginia, MSU, NCSU and WSU. The advantage in applying online is you don’t need to get cheques. (Most of the online apps provide Credit card facility.) There’s less of paper work (You don’t need to fill in or send your app form). However, you need to send recos only by post. In paper app, the job gets over in one shot by filling the form, attaching sop, recos, resume and sending it. Some universities provide the credit card option even in paper app. I can’t clearly state which (online applying or paper application) is better. If you have ample time for applying, apply thro’ the paper app form. If you are in a hurry, apply online. Because, the date of submission of application will be early enough though the of date of completion of application may be late (recos should reach there for your app to be complete)

· As for the financial statement, I didn’t send any. Some universities ask F.S even for consideration of admission while others ask for that to send you an I20 (after admission and aid decisions are made and notified). In the later case, you don’t need to bother because if you get aid, the proof of aid itself is a valid financial document. In the former case (e.g. my case with UIUC and UVirginia) some universities are lenient (UVirginia) some are strict (UIUC). It is at your own risk that you can refrain from sending an F.S.

· Finish filling up forms for all universities in one goes. Get recos and transcripts for all the universities together. You can contact a senior in the US who might help you and ask his/her help in dispatching the app material. If he/she agrees, send him/her all the apps (each packed neatly and ‘To’ address written) put into one large pack. The senior can open it, affix required postage and send it. This will work out a lot cheaper. (Costs of courier services are such that speed post is OK for small packets (400 Rs). FedEx (Blue Dart is the Franchisee in India. The office is there near APS Plaza Adair) provides reliable and fast service. There’s online tracking facility too. It is suitable for large packets (like the

Single common packet described above). (1100 Rs for 1000g 1600 Rs for 1.5 Kg.) You can also bargain in the courier services. They’ll give discount for students.)

7 is the decent number of universities you need to app. If you’re confident, app to 6. If you’re doubtful, apply to a max of 10. Anything more is NOT AT ALL necessary. Don’t waste your money.

· Take all the required tests. Not taking TSE will restrict the choice of universities you can app to. Take subject GRE also.

· As for the GRE, practice a lot. By the time this reaches you, most of you would have finished your GRE. So, there’s no point in talking much about it.

· As for the Subject Test, it is easy for any guy/girl with decent fundas to score great. More of practice would have helped. Make sure you look at “ALL” practice q papers.

· TOEFL doesn’t require more than 2 days prep. So, don’t worry much about it.

· For people whose area is comp. arch, you might have confusion as to which dept. (CS or ECE) to app. The admit + aid scenario is much better in CS than in ECE. So, the general rule is “if there’s arch work both in CS and ECE – choose CS (e.g. in my case – UVa, NCSU, MSU, etc.). Else go for ECE/EE/EECS according to what the universities have.”

· It’s OK to app to universities which have history of seniors. That’s playing safe. However, explore some top schools also. After all, you are applying to ‘n’ universities but will go only for one. So, take some risk and apply to some great schools. In case it clicks, that’s a treat for you. It will also open new venues to the juniors.

· Depend on the Apply info to an extent but don’t take its words as if from Bible. Be optimistic and rational in applying.

You know that this apply info has helped you. This is given to you under the serious condition that you should pass this on safely to your juniors along with considerable addition of your year’s data. You can also pass on some more info on GATE and Campus. (We’ll start it by giving you some minimal stuff. Improve upon that).

Kudos to the efforts of Srinivasan and Muralikrishna in compiling this applies info. Their constant scolding when we delayed sending this apply info has definitely helped in bringing regularity.

Most of the questions you have would be answered in the apply info by at least one of us or at least one of the seniors. Anyway, if you have further questions, please contact us.

For the tremendous capability that you people have, you’ll come out in flying colors.

Department

As a rule, admits in ECE departments are more difficult than admits in CS. Moreover ECE does not have as much funding as CS. So apply for ECE only if you feel strongly about say, computer architecture. If the same stuff is offered in CS also (say, like Wisconsin Madison) choose CS instead.

Clashes

Try to avoid clashes as much as possible. Look at the college’s history and have safe clashes. (Say 4 people applying to place that has given 2-3 admits last year). Avoid reco clashes where a 9.5 guy is marked as top 2% and an 8.5 is marked as top 2.00002%. There will be pre-app, post-app, during-app anxiety during the admit process. But do be considerate and open while sharing colleges among friends. Have frequent app meetings among yourself. You should have observed that the number of people applying is going up. So every one of you should app to at least 1 new place each, so that it gets opened up. Don’t stick to the same old places. This is esp. for the 8.8 + guys. Try applying to places like Cornell, Princeton, Cal-Berkley, Stanford Ph.D. etc. People in 8.3+ ranges please don’t apply to 20 colleges, with some of them ranked as low as 300. Restrict your applying to 7-8 places with 1 new, 2 impossible, 3 gettable, 2 sure places.

My Places: Note that I reported all my scores everywhere.

ADVICE

General Comments or Advise to your juniors.

1. From the information in the app book, you should be reasonably confident that whatever your credentials are, there is at least one senior with the same credentials as you, who has got at least one aid.

2. All you need to do to be successful in anything is:

a. Find out how to do it

b. Do it. (Very simple???)

All you need to know about finding the right schools to app is :

Doing what you are supposed to do will give the appropriate results.

3. Of course here is what you are supposed to do:

1. Give your best shot to the GRE (July-august)

2. Bcc for pre-app, enquire about the schools u have in mind, TOEFL is almost a formality (Sep-Oct)

3. Transcripts, Recos (early Nov), SOP, resume, short listing of schools (late Nov)

4. Revising list of schools, bank checks, applying (early Dec), subject GRE.

5. Of course, you can always comfortably be behind schedule if things do not go as you had planned. Make sure your app forms and other stuff reach the schools at least by January 20. If you missed a financial aid opportunity, it should not be due to late application. Anyway, remember ‘Better late than never’.

6. Even if you don’t have either a decent GPA (like me) or a decent GRE or both, nice recos, sop and resume would still improve your chances of securing AID.

7. This app book doesn’t prevent you from exploring the unexplored universities or applying higher than what your seniors could bargain for. You should be wise to consider applying to the second chance list of universities also after consulting your senior.

8. Get as much info about your univ as possible. Start with these sources: app-info book, petersons.com, your seniors and other students in the universities. Don’t hesitate to ASK.

Funda behind the choice of universities:

Actually I had wanted to app to 8 universities, but eventually got bored during the lengthy, winding, tiresome, irritating applying process and decided to app only to 6 universities. But I think 9 is the ideal number of universities. You can apply to 3 dream universities, 3 universities where you have a chance (probable) to get in, 3 safe universities where you will definitely get in ( all this is based on the seniors experiences, rankings and other information supplied by the university authorities ). In my case I applied to two supposedly safe universities OSU and UTAH. Two dream universities UIUC and CMU. Two probable universities GTECH and Purdue.

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More Industrial Engineering Schools in US

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Arizona State University

Auburn University

Binghamton University

Boston University

Cal Poly–San Luis Obispo

California State Polytechnic University–Pomona

California State University–Los Angeles

California State University–Northridge

Clemson University

Columbia University (Fu Foundation)

Cornell University

CUNY–City College

Dartmouth College (Thayer)

Florida Atlantic University

Florida State University/Florida A&M University

George Mason University

George Washington University

Georgia Institute of Technology

Howard University

Illinois Institute of Technology

Indiana University-Purdue University–Indianapolis

Iowa State University

Kansas State University

Kettering University

Lamar University

Lawrence Technological University

Lehigh University

Louisiana State University–Baton Rouge

Louisiana Tech University

Loyola Mary Mount University

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Mississippi State University

Montana State University

National Technological University

New Jersey Institute of Technology

New Mexico State University

New York State College of Ceramics at Alfred University

North Carolina A&T State University

North Carolina State University

North Dakota State University

Northeastern University

Northwestern University

Oakland University

Ohio State University

Ohio University

Oklahoma State University

Oregon Graduate Inst. of Science and Technology

Oregon State University

Penn State University–University Park

Polytechnic University

Portland State University

Prairie View A&M University

Purdue University–West Lafayette

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

Rutgers State University–New Brunswick

San Jose State University

South Dakota School of Mines and Technology

South Dakota State University

Southern Methodist University

Stanford University

SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry

SUNY–Stony Brook

Syracuse University

Tennessee State University

Tennessee Tech University

Texas A&M University–College Station

Texas A&M University–Kingsville

Texas Tech University

University at Buffalo

University of Alabama–Huntsville

University of Alabama–Tuscaloosa

University of Arizona

University of Arkansas

University of Bridgeport

University of California–Berkeley

University of California–Los Angeles

University of California–San Diego

University of Central Florida

University of Cincinnati

University of Connecticut

University of Dayton

University of Florida

University of Hartford

University of Houston

University of Illinois–Chicago

University of Illinois–Urbana-Champaign

University of Iowa

University of Kentucky

University of Louisville

University of Maryland–College Park

University of Massachusetts–Amherst

University of Massachusetts–Dartmouth

University of Massachusetts–Lowell

University of Memphis

University of Miami

University of Michigan–Ann Arbor

University of Michigan–Dearborn

University of Minnesota–Twin Cities

University of Missouri–Columbia

University of Missouri–Rolla

University of Nebraska–Lincoln

University of New Haven

University of New Mexico

University of North Carolina–Charlotte

University of Oklahoma

University of Pennsylvania

University of Pittsburgh

University of Rhode Island

University of South Florida

University of Southern California

University of Tennessee–Chattanooga

University of Tennessee–Knoxville

University of Texas–Arlington

University of Texas–Austin

University of Texas–El Paso

University of Toledo

University of Virginia

University of Washington

Utah State University

Virginia Tech

Wayne State University

Western Michigan University

Wichita State University

Widener University

Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Wright State University

Youngstown State University

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Computer Science Admission Requirements of Top USA Schools

This Data was collected in September 2005.

USN Rank 1
Carnegie Mellon University – HCII

Degrees
Masters and Ph.D.
GRE and other admission requirements

“the average GRE score (which includes analytical, verbal and quantitative) of those admitted students last year was 2008”

The GRE subject test is optional for those applicants to the PhD programs in Computer Science, Computational and Statistical Learning, Computation Organizations and Society, Robotics, and Neural Basis of Cognition. Recommendations for programs are as follows:

Applicants to HCI with an emphasis in human science must take a subject test from the area that best matches their background. (For example, HCI applicants with a psychology background should take the psychology subject test.) HCI applicants with a design emphasis are not required to submit a subject test.
The Language and Information Technologies program recommends that applicants submit a subject test.
The Software Engineering program highly recommends, but does not require, a subject test.
The Computation, Organizations and Society program allows students in the management area to substitute the GMAT scores for the GRE scores.

Deadline

There is no spring admission.

The doctoral deadline is December 15 for entry in the following fall semester. The recommendations are due by January 3. The application and recommendation deadline for the Masters programs in the Robotics Institute and the Language and Technologies Institute is January 3.

Finance Opportunities

There are no additional financial aid forms.

PhD students will receive financial support (tuition, fees, monthly stipend) from a variety of sources, including CMU research assistantships, outside fellowships, and government grants.

Professor Contact or Research at CMU

You should feel free to contact professors with very specific questions about their research. However, we do request that you not ask to be accepted by a particular faculty member as a student, since under our admissions system individual faculty members do not make admissions decisions

USN Rank 1
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Degrees

Masters and Ph.D.

GRE and other admission requirements

We expect an applicant to have earned a Bachelor’s degree by the time he/she registers in EECS, and possess a very strong background in math, physics, computer science, or engineering. Admission is extremely competitive.

Application Deadline

The EECS department accepts applications for September only, and the deadline for applying is December 15.

Financial Opportunities

Most EECS graduate students are supported by RESEARCH ASSISTANTSHIPS or TEACHING ASSISTANTSHIPS. An application for an assistantship is included in the application package.

Professor Contact or Research at MIT

USN Rank 1
Stanford University – CS

Degrees

Masters and Ph.D.

GRE and other admission requirements

“While there is no minimum requirement for GRE scores, a strong application
would include percentiles in the high 90s for the Ph.D. program and scores
in the 90th percentile for the MS program”

Application Deadline

No Spring Admission.

Fall deadline December 1


Finance Opportunities

The Computer Science Department DOES NOT offer financial support for MS students so you should not plan on attending Stanford if such support is essential to you
All incoming Ph.D. students are supported by teaching and/or research assistantships, but are strongly encouraged to apply for outside fellowships as well

Professor Contact or ResearchatStanford

USN Rank 1
University of California –Berkeley

Degrees

Masters and Ph.D.

GRE and other admission requirements

”Most successful applicants last year had GPAs above 3.7 and GRE quantitative scores above 90%. Most successful Computer Science applicants took the GRE Computer Science Subject test and scored above 90%. For Fall 2005 we had 2500 applications for 100 slots.”

Application Deadline

No spring intake.

Fall – December 15. Supporting data, such as transcripts, recommendation letters, and GRE and TOEFL scores, should arrive no later than January 9.

Finance Opportunities

We provide financial support for virtually all of our graduate students for the duration of their studies. During the most recent academic year, approximately one-quarter were supported by fellowships, slightly more than half were supported by research assistantships, and roughly one-quarter were supported by teaching assistantships.

Professor Contact or Research at Berkeley

USN Rank 5
University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign – CS

Degrees

Masters and Ph.D.

GRE and other admission requirements

“The median grade point average (GPA) is 3.6/4.0 and the average general GRE
score is 1400/1600 (verbal and quantitative sections) and 5.5/6.0
(analytical writing section) for those recommended for admission.”

Applicants to the Ph.D. program are strongly encouraged to submit a score for the GRE (Subject/Advanced) Computer Science Test.

All applicants whose native language is not English are required to take the TSE, regardless of US citizenship or permanent residency, for financial aid consideration. A passing score of 50/60 is required to be awarded a Teaching Assistantship (TA)

Application Deadline

Summer Session or Fall Semester: December 1
Spring Semester: September 1


Finance Opportunities

Professor Contact or Research@Uiuc

USN Rank 6
Cornell University

Degrees

M.Eng. and Ph.D.

GRE and other admission requirements for Ph.D.

The department requires that all applicants to the doctoral program take the GRE general test and the GRE subject test. It is preferred that applicants take the GRE subject test in the area of Computer Science, but we will also consider scores in Mathematics or Engineering. If your scores are more than three years old, you should retake the GREs

Application Deadline

Ph.D. Fall -January 1.Spring –October 1

M.Eng. Fall – February 1.Spring – October 1
International students are encouraged to apply early

Finance Opportunities

Most M.Eng. students are self-funded or have obtained their own corporate support. Cornell does not offer any tuition waivers. Applicants who submit a complete application by the above deadlines will be considered for fellowships. Applicants should consider submitting extra letters of recommendation to improve fellowship chances. The Department also awards a few part time (paid) teaching assistantships in which students perform various duties that aid faculty in the teaching of Cornell CS courses. Students are not guaranteed TA positions, nor are they required to work as a TA. If you wish to be considered for a TA position, please indicate so in your application, as well as any pertinent experience you have.

All Ph.D. students in Computer Science are fully supported as long as they remain in good academic standing. Support from Cornell includes tuition and stipend. Support is available in the form of teaching assistantships, research assistantships, and fellowships.

Professor Contact or Research at Cornell

USN Rank 7
University of Texas, Austin – CS

Degrees

Masters and Ph.D.

GRE and other admission requirements

For the Ph.D. program, the average scores of recent successful applicants have been: GRE: 650 verbal, 790 quantitative, 5.0 analytical. TOEFL: 655 paper/283 computer version. CS Subject Test (AGRE): 820.

For the Masters program, the average scores of recent successful applicants to this program have been: GRE: 615 verbal, 780 quantitative. 5.0 analytical. TOEFL: 644 paper/273 computer version. CS Subject Test (AGRE): 780. The average undergraduate GPA has been 3.76 (on a 4.0 scale).

Admission to the graduate program is very competitive. For example, for fall 2004, 460 students applied to the Ph.D. program and 75 were accepted; 197 students applied to the Masters program and 48 were accepted.

Application Deadline

Applications are accepted for the Fall and Spring semesters only

Fall January 2 and Spring September 1

Finance Opportunities

Successful applicants to the Ph.D. program for fall semesters will be considered for doctoral fellowships. The doctoral fellowship provides four years of support, contingent on satisfactory progress. This support consists of a fellowship the first year, followed by a commitment to provide either a teaching assistantship or a research assistantship the second, third and fourth years. Most students find a research supervisor during the second or third year and may be supported as research assistants. However, teaching assistantships are always available for doctoral fellowship students.

Research assistantships normally are appointed on a semester basis. Research assistantships are under the purview of the individual professors and are generally made after the student has been enrolled for at least 1-2 semesters.

Teaching Assistantships Appointments to teaching assistantships are normally for 2 semesters: September-May. Offers of teaching assistantships are generally made at the time of admission by the admissions committee. New International TAs must satisfy an oral English Assessment conducted by the University. The Test of Spoken English cannot substitute for this assessment.

Professor Contact or Research at Utexas

USN Rank 7
University of Washington – CS

Degrees offered

Masters and Ph.D.

GRE and other admission requirements
“The average GPA for the incoming students in Autumn 2003 was 3.68. The
average GRE scores for incoming students in Autumn 2002 were: Verbal
(including foreign students): 641 (85%), Quantitative: 776 (88%). The
average Subject Test score in Computer Science for Autumn 2003 incoming
students was 797 (76%).”

We offer admission to between 10% and 15% of those who apply to our full-time graduate program.

All International students must submit TOEFL and TSE scores.

Application Deadline

No Spring Admission
Deadline to apply for admission each

Autumn Quarter is December 15 for U.S. applicants.

For international applications it is November 1.

All applications materials must be received by this date.

Finance Opportunities

All students who are admitted to our program are awarded an assistantship (teaching or research). Under the assistantship, in exchange for 20 hours of work per week, the student receives:

Tuition waiver (except for $140.00 per quarter in fees, which the student pays)
Monthly stipend of approximately $1800.00
Health Insurance (100% of premium for student, 50% of premium for dependents)
Currently, this funding is guaranteed for 3 years. Funding after the initial 3 years is available, and is contingent on satisfactory academic progress and availability of funds.

Professor Contact or Research at Washington

USN Rank 9
Princeton University – CS

Degrees offered

M.Eng. and Ph.D.

GRE and other admission requirements

We strongly recommend that the GRE subject test be taken if possible. The test should be taken in the field of your undergraduate major. If no subject GRE is given in your field, you will not be expected to submit a score.

Application Deadline
Admission to Princeton is for the fall semester only
December 1, 2005 for applicants living outside North America; and December 31, 2005 for applicants within North America. All materials should reach the University by the deadline dates.

Finance Opportunities

We do not provide any financial aid for students enrolling in the Master of Engineering program.Financial support for Ph.D. candidates consists of University and corporate fellowships, Assistantships in Research (ARs) and in Teaching (AIs).

Professor Contact or Research at Princeton

USN Rank 10
California Institute of Technology
Degrees offered

Students are admitted only with the Ph.D. as the degree objective

GRE and other admission requirements

GRE scores are required, with a subject test of the student’s choice strongly recommended

Application Deadline
Applications are accepted once a year. The deadline is January 1st.

Finance Opportunities

In general, students offered admission to graduate study at Caltech are simultaneously offered a package of financial support that pays all tuition charges and provides them with a stipend. Financial support for graduate students comes in the form of fellowships, research assistantships, teaching assistantship, or some combination of fellowship and assistantship support


Professor Contact or Research@Caltech

USN Rank 10
University of Wisconsin, Madison – CS

Degrees offered

Masters and Ph.D.

GRE and other admission requirements

“most of the students we admit are in the 85th percentile or higher on each
of the sections of the GRE General Test (Analytical Writing, Quantitative,
and Verbal), and have a GPA of 3.5 or higher (on a 4.0 scale).”

We require the Verbal, Quantitative, and Analytical Writing tests. We do not require a Subject test

Application Deadline
Applications for graduate study in the Department, whether for an M.S. or Ph.D. degree, are evaluated only once per year, for admission starting in the Fall semester each year.

December 31 is Fall application deadline.

Finance Opportunities

Approximately 200 students are enrolled in our graduate program. Approximately 90% of these students are financially supported within the Department as either Fellows, Research Assistants, or Teaching Assistants

Professor Contact or Research at Wisc

USN Rank 12
Georgia Institute of Technology – CC

Degrees offered

Masters and Ph.D.

GRE and other admission requirements
“Accepted applicant scores have averaged 80% on the quantitative and
analytical sections for the M.S. program. The desirable minimum GPA is
3.0/4.0. ”

The CS GRE test is required for all applications to graduate programs in the College of Computing unless the specific program rules list exceptions

Application Deadline

Admittance Terms – Fall only.
Application Deadlines
MSCS: March 1
Ph.D.: December 15

Finance Opportunities

The College is unable to offer financial aid to all graduate students. A small number of Master’s students do have the chance to act as Graduate Teaching Assistants (GTAs) and Graduate Research Assistants (GRAs).
Professor Contact or Research@Gatech

USN Rank 12
University of Maryland – College Park – CS

Degrees offered

Masters and Ph.D.

GRE and other admission requirements
“The minimum acceptable score for the General GRE is 1850 for international
students and 1950 for U.S. students.”

Undergraduate grade point averages are generally 3.5/4.0 or above.

Both GPA and GRE scores of students admitted in recent years have been much higher than the minimum required.

Application Deadline

Deadline for applications and all supporting material due at Graduate School and Computer Science Department December 15. Spring admissions only for University of Maryland students.

Finance Opportunities

Both M.S. and Ph.D. degrees are offered, and almost all full-time students receive financial aid in the form of assistantships, fellowships, and grants

Professor Contact or Research at Umd

USN Rank 14
Brown University

Degrees offered

Masters and Ph.D.

GRE and other admission requirements

“The GPA is not the only criterion. Grades in computer science and related disciplines (e.g., math) count more than grades in other areas. Also, we take into account the fact that at some very competitive schools it is very difficult to achieve a high GPA.
While we do not require General and Subject GRE test scores, however the tests provide an additional objective form of evaluation that is often helpful in determining an applicant’s abilities.

Recommendation letters must give a detailed, factual, and candid evaluation of the applicant’s capabilities. Rankings and comparisons with other students are very useful. Ask your recommender to follow these guidelines.

Research experience, although not required, can boost your chances of admission considerably. If you have worked on a research project, please tell us about it and ask at least one of your recommenders to comment on it. If your work is part of a joint project, the recommender should indicate your specific contribution to the project. Include abstracts or reprints of any papers you have published in journals or presented at conferences.

Application Deadline

To maximize flexibility, we have a rolling deadline. This means we accept students until we have filled the available slots. We will begin reviewing applications in the middle of January and stop on July 15. Because the number of spaces is small

Finance Opportunities

We do not offer funding to ScM students. You will need to apply to external sources of support
We admit all PhD students (including international students) with financial support.

Professor Contact or Research at Brown

USN Rank 14
University of California-Los Angeles

Degrees offered

Masters and Ph.D

GRE and other admission requirements
”We expect at least a 3.3 GPA (on a 4.00 scale) in the junior and senior years, and at least 3.5 in any graduate study. These averages are considered the minimum requirements; the actual standard for admission is set by the current pool of applicants, and is generally much higher—GRE scores on the General (Aptitude) test are required for admission to both the M.S. and Ph.D. programs.”

Application Deadline

Fall only. Deadline – December 15th

Finance Opportunities

Support based on merit is available in the form of fellowships, traineeships, teaching assistantships, and graduate student researcher positions. These awards are open to all students–U.S. citizens, permanent residents, and international students–who have demonstrated high academic achievement.

Professor Contact or Research at ucla

USN Rank 14
University of Michigan- Ann Arbor – CSE

Degrees offered

Masters and Ph.D.

GRE and other admission requirements
A GPA of at least 3.5/4.0 for the undergraduate degree.
A Graduate Record Examination (GRE) General total score of at least 2000 (out of a possible 2400); new test scoring of at least 1300 and 4.5 (analytical).

Application Deadline

We admit students for the Fall Term only.

Applications received and complete with all supporting documents from international students by December 15 and domestic students by January 5 will be considered for departmental financial assistance.

Applications received and complete with all supporting documents from both international and domestic students by March 1 will be considered for admission only.

Finance Opportunities

We have a very strong applicant pool and normally students who receive funding have very high GPAs and strong GRE scores. We prefer applicants with at least a 3.7 GPA and GREs over 2000. However, we do not make a decision based purely on numbers but do evaluate each student on individual merit. Careful attention is paid to student background, experiences, statement of purpose and letters or recommendation in reaching funding decisions.

Professor Contact or Research at umich
USN Rank 17
Rice University – CS

Degrees offered

Masters and Ph.D.

GRE and other admission requirements
“Typical GRE scores for admitted applicants are in the 90-99th percentile on
the quantitative and analytical portions of the GRE for those applying to
the Ph.D. program and in the 80-89th percentile for the MCS program. CGPA
scores range from 3.5-4.0 based on a 4.0 scale… The minimum score required
on the general GRE is 70 percent in the analytical and quantitative
sections. However, this is a minimum requirement, and applicants who are
offered admission generally have much higher scores.”
Although the Test of Spoken English (TSE) is not required of non-native English speakers, it is strongly recommended. Special consideration is given to applicants providing this score

Application Deadline

Program Deadlines
Ph.D. Program Early Application December 1.Regular Application December 15.
MCS Program
Regular Application February 3. Spring Application October 15

Spring admissions into this program are not guaranteed.

Finance Opportunities

All doctoral students at Rice are fully supported by graduate fellowships or research assistantships. Students who gain external support receive an additional internal supplement.

Professor Contact or Research at rice

USN Rank 17
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill – CS

Degrees offered

Masters and Ph.D.

GRE and other admission requirements

“High scores on all three parts of the General Aptitude Test of the Graduate
Record Examination are also recommended: a minimum of 80th percentile on the
verbal section, 90th percentile on the quantitative section, and 90th
percentile on the analytical section or a minimum of 5 on the analytical
writing section… The median credentials for the 35 first-year students who
began our program in fall 2003: are Quantitative GRE: 90th percentile,
Verbal GRE: 83rd percentile, (86th with non-native speakers excluded),
Analytical GRE: 90th percentile, GPA (undergraduate): 3.6/4.0”

Application Deadline

Applications for fall admission, complete with a personal statement, all transcripts, and recommendations, should be received by the Graduate School no later than January 1. To ensure meeting that deadline, applicants are encouraged to take the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) no later than December 1. Early submission of applications is encouraged. International applicants should consider completing their applications earlier to allow time for processing financial and visa documents.

Finance Opportunities

Most of our students are supported by assistantships and fellowships. Applicants for assistantships are automatically considered for all available fellowships.

Full-time summer employment on a research project is normally available to students who would like to receive support

Professor Contact or Research at unc

USN Rank 17
University of Pennsylvania – CIS

Degrees offered

Masters and Ph.D.

GRE and other admission requirements

“Fall 2004 MSE admissions statistics … Candidates admitted to the MSE
program: Average GRE: V 560 / Q 770 / A 720 / AW 5.0”

Application Deadline

There is no Spring Admission

Deadline for Ph.D. students – December 15.

For domestic students applying to the MSE & MCIT programs – June 1
For candidates overseas applying to the MSE & MCIT programs – May 1

For all domestic and foreign students applying to the CGGT program – July 1

Finance Opportunities

Departmental financial aid is available only for doctoral students; generally, funded doctoral students receive payment of tuition and fees, a stipend for living expenses, and payment of University of Pennsylvania Student Health Insurance.
There is no departmental funding available for MSE, MCIT, or CGGT students. There are no RA positions available in the department; only research fellow positions for doctoral students. Teaching assistant duties are generally met by doctoral students participating in a Teaching Practicum.

Professor Contact or Research at upenn

USN Rank 20
Columbia University – CS

Degrees offered

Masters and Ph.D.

GRE and other admission requirements
” GPA of at least 3.3 is required. Most successful applicants have a GPA of 3.5 or higher. Most students admitted have earned scores in excess of 650 for the Analytical and Quantitative parts.”

For Ph.D.-As a reference, however, the average GRE scores for the entering class of Fall 2003 were Verbal: 598, Quantitative: 774, and Analytical: 748, while the average TOEFL score was 277.

GRE Computer Science Subject Test is not required but taking it may strengthen your application. We advise that you take the test where it is available.

Application Deadline
Masters- October 1 for Spring admission & March 15 for Fall admission.

Ph.D. October 15 for spring admissions and January 15 for fall admissions.

Finance Opportunities

The department offers both Graduate Research Assistantships (GRA) and Teaching Assistantships (TA). All applicants who indicate in the online application that they would like to apply for financial aid will automatically be considered for all these types of funding. It is not necessary to do anything else in order to apply for this funding.

Professor Contact or Research at Columbia

USN Rank 20
Duke University

Degrees offered

Masters and Ph.D.

GRE and other admission requirements

Application Deadline
Fall entry (all applications) Postmark of December 31
Spring entry (M.S. only) November 1

Finance Opportunities

Professor Contact or Research at Duke

USN Rank 20
Harvard University

Degrees offered

Masters and PH.D.

GRE and other admission requirements
Average Undergraduate GPA 3.7
Average GRE Verbal Score 583
Average GRE Quantitative Score 783
Average GRE Analytical Score 785

Application Deadline
Full time students begin graduate study in the fall term.

Our application deadlines for full time students entering in September 2006 are:

Preferred: December 15
Final: January 2

Finance Opportunities

All students admitted to the Ph.D. program in the Division of Engineering and Applied Sciences receive full financial support. This includes tuition, fees, and a cost-of living stipend ($2,150 per month before taxes in 2005-06). Support is independent of need provided a student remains in good academic standing and is making satisfactory progress towards his/her Ph.D. degree.

There is no financial support available to students in our master’s programs. Applicants to our master’s programs should complete the Statement of Financial Resources for Graduate Study as part of their application.

Professor Contact or Research at Harvard

USN Rank 20
Purdue University – West Lafayette

Degrees offered

Masters and Ph.D.

GRE and other admission requirements

”Most of the successful applicants had GPAs above 3.7 on a 4.0 scale. We also take research exposure and the quality of the institution into consideration.

GRE scores are not required but recommended. For Fall 2005 we had over 620 applications for 37 slots.

Application Deadline

The application deadline for fall admission is 15 December

Finance Opportunities

We try to provide financial support for almost all of our graduate students for the duration of their studies. Of the incoming class for 2005, approximately 29% are supported by fellowships, 13% are supported by research assistantships, 48% are supported by teaching assistantships

If admitted, you will automatically be considered for financial support in the form of fellowships, teaching assistantships, and research assistantships

Professor Contact or Research at purdue

USN Rank 20
University of California-San Diego

Degrees

Masters and Ph.D.

GRE and other admission Requirements

The evaluation process for applications is extremely complex, taking into account all the materials submitted with the application. Grade point average (GPA), GRE scores, GRE subject test (optional, but recommended), TOEFL (for international students), letters of recommendation, and statement of purpose all play a role. First, the UCSD Graduate Admissions Office evaluates each application to determine whether or not their minimum standards for admission have been met. Then the CSE Department does a more thorough evaluation in a committee consisting of several faculty. Sometimes the committee must draw on the experience of the faculty at-large to make an informed decision.

Our department receives around 1,300 applications annually, and offers admission to fewer than 10%.

The university requires that domestic graduate applicants have a minimum undergraduate grade point average (GPA) of 3.0 on a 4.0 scale. (International applicants do NOT have a minimum-GPA requirement.)

CSE Admissions Committee examines every component of the application and supplemental materials when considering an applicant for admission. (Standardized test scores and grade point averages (GPA) are an integral part of the evaluation process, but admissions decisions are NOT made based on these components alone.)

Deadline

The 2006 deadline is January 5 for admission the following fall.

The preferred application deadline for fall 2006 admission to the Ph.D. program is December 1, 2005. The deadline for receiving supporting documents is January 20.

Financial Opportunities
Generally all of our PhD students are offered support for at least the first year, and can expect to have support through their degree if they continue to make adequate progress. Financial Support comes in the form of fellowships, teaching assistantships (TA), or research assistantships (RA). Assistantships are 20-hour/week positions that pay a stipend, tuition and fees, and health insurance. Typically a PhD student will have a fellowship the first year and then be offered a research assistantship in subsequent years by their advisor.

Masters students may also be offered a teaching assistantship upon admission to the program. Research assistantships may also be forthcoming once faculty members become more familiar with a student’s work, but the individual student is responsible for pursuing these positions.

Many of our Masters students choose to work in local industry (or already do). San Diego is one of the fastest growing high technology areas in the country, and has been named the “Wireless Capital of the World,” and the “#1 place to do business in America,” by Forbes magazine.

Professor Contact or Research at UCSD

USN Rank 25

University of Massachusetts, Amherst – CS
“Average test scores of students who have been accepted are: Verbal: 84th
percentile, Quantitative: 93rd percentile, Analytical: 93rd percentile,
Analytical Writing Measure score: 4.93” |
USN Rank 25

Yale University – CS
“Most students we admit are above the 90th percentile in quantitative,
analytical and verbal scores.”

Special Admissions Requirements

GRE General and Subject Test required; strong preparation in mathematics, engineering, or science; competence in programming.

Ph.D. Admissions Data – Fall 2004 Entering Class
Number of applicants187
Number of students enrolled15

USN Rank 27
University of Southern California

When the PhD admissions committee reads your application, they are primarily interested in your research potential.

Your potential for research will be assessed using a combination of 1. your past research accomplishments (if any), 2. grades (including the reputation of your school and department), 3. the contents of your recommendation letters, 4. your statement of purpose and 5. your GRE scores. In addition, if there is something special in your application that makes you stand out, it will also be considered. Note that there is no fixed formula which combines these factors into a score.

The typical successful applicant to our program (if there is such a person!) has done some research already (as an undergraduate, or a MS student). Often this research has appeared in print as a paper in the proceedings of a conference or a journal. Successful applicants also typically have GRE analytical and quantitative scores around the 95th percentile, and are in the top 10% of their graduating class with GPAs well above 3.5/4.0

The application deadline for admission to Ph.D. program is January 15, 2005

Masters Application Deadline:
Application deadline for admission in Spring 2005 is Oct 01, 2004.
Application deadline for admission in Fall 2005 is June 15, 2005.

USN Rank 27

University of Virginia – CS
“nominal minimum GPA for a successful applicant is about 3.2 (out of 4.0).
Nominal scores for successful applicants … 750 for the quantitative part
and 550 for the verbal”
USN Rank 29

Johns Hopkins University
First we look at the school. For better or for worse, it makes a large difference whether you are from a top school or a second-tier school. Your grades are also important, primarily your grades in CS courses during the last two years of undergraduate study.

The PhD deadline for

Fall is January 15th

Spring is October 15th
The MSE deadline Fall – June 1st for US citizens and March 1st for international applicants

USN Rank 29
New York University – CS

“Successful applicants to the MS program in Computer Science will generally
have the following minimum qualifications: Strong GRE Quantitative and
Analytical scores. (Typical acceptable scores are near 700 for each
section.) Or 4.0 or better on the new Analytical Writing section. …”

MSCS Spring December1st; Summer April15th; Fall June1st

MSIS Spring November1st; Summer March 1st; Fall March 1st
PhD Fall January 4th

USN Rank 29

Rutgers University – CS
“mean GPA … 3.62. A high score on all the GRE examinations required …
mean GRE scores for a recent entering class of students were: Verbal 580,
Quantitative 782”
USN Rank 29
Suny -Stony Brook

To be considered for admission, you must be a high achiever in the undergraduate program and have high grade-point average (GPA).

We do not have a priori lower limit for GRE scores — it is decided on a year by year basis. However, it is typically very high, as our admission process is very competitive

Subject GREs are not required, but are strongly encouraged for Ph.D. applicants.
USN Rank 29

University of California – Irvine

Fill out an online application accepted from October 1 to January 15. ICS only accepts applications for the Fall quarter.


USN Rank 29

University of Utah

Neither of the graduate programs (M.S. or Ph.D) is an entry-level degree

A minimum GPA of 3.0 in undergraduate work is required. Most students accepted into the graduate program have GPAs well above that level.

Applicants who demonstrate greater depth of knowledge through GRE Subject exam will be given favorable consideration. The School of Computing prefers the GRE Computer Science Subject exam, but will consider GRE Subject exams in other technical specialties.

We are looking for applicants with strong academic backgrounds who have demonstrated a potential to perform creative and innovative research in the research areas represented by the School of Computing

USN Rank 35

Ohio State University – CSE
“GPA 3.0+, Verbal+ Quantitative+ Analytical>=1900 (old format) or Verbal: 500,
Quantitative: 700 and Analytical: 4 (new format).”

USN Rank 35
Penn State University- University Park

Students with a minimum 3.0 junior/senior grade-point average and appropriate course backgrounds will be considered for admission

Computer Science and Engineering (CSE) Department

How to apply

Preliminary application required for International Students

OR Check

Applicants for fall admission who wish to be considered for financial aid should have completed applications on file before February 1. Applicants who want to be considered for a fellowship must file all materials before January 1. Assistantship applications are provided by the department; you can download the postscript version, or the PDF file, or the PDF fill in and print form, or request a copy by sending email to vicki@cse.psu.edu.

All applicants should hold a baccalaureate degree in computer science, computer engineering, or a closely aligned field. Applicants must submit scores from the Graduate Record Exam (GRE) Aptitude Test (verbal, quantitative, and analytical). A subject test in the GRE is not required, but the subject test in computer science is recommended. For score reporting our institution code is 2660, and our department code is 0402.
FOR SPRING 2007 : AUGUST 31. LAST DATE FOR INTERNATIONAL APPLICANTS TO SUBMIT COMPLETE APPLICATION MATERIALS FOR ADMISSION (WITHOUT ASSISTANTSHIP)

USN Rank 35

University of Arizona – CS
“Ordinarily, an applicant for the Master’s program is expected to have a
minimum undergraduate grade point average of 3.2 out of 4.0 and scores above
the 50th percentile (verbal), and the 85th percentile (quantitative), and
the 75th percentile (analytical) on the GRE General Test.”
USN Rank 35

University of Chicago – CS
“What are the typical GRE scores for incoming students? Our students’ scores
in the Quantitative and Analytical sections of the GRE are in the top-25%
percentile”

USN Rank 35
University of Colorado – Boulder

Applicants should have a grade point average of at least 3.0 (on a scale of 4.0). However, acceptance is not solely based on GPA. We look at the entire application to evaluate the candidate. For the Masters degree, the General GRE is only required if your GPA is lower than a 3.0. If you come from a lesser known university, it is recommended that you submit General GRE scores. The General GRE is required for all PhD applicants, but there is no set limit for a minimum score. We encourage you to do your best. If you would like to be considered for financial aid, then it is required that you take the General GRE.

For international students applying to both the ME/MS and PhD programs, the deadline for Fall admission is December 1 and for Spring admission is September 1.

Domestic: Applications for the MS or ME programs should be received by February 28 for Fall admission and by October 15 for Spring admission
USN Rank 35
University of Minnesota -Twin Cities

The Computer Science Graduate Program admits students for the Fall term only of each year. The Application Deadlines are as follows:
December 15: PhD in Computer Science (to be considered for Fellowships, Teaching Assistantships, Research Assistantships)
January 15: PhD and MS in Computer Science (to be considered for additional Teaching Assistantships, Research Assistantships)
April 1: Admission without financial assistantships (All MCS students are ineligible for departmental support.)

If your GPA is below 2.8, your chance of getting accepted is very small. If your GPA is below 3.25 but above 2.8, you have a small chance of admission but you must have a very strong record from your supporting material such as letters of recommendation, significant career achievements, unusual circumstances and GRE scores. If your poor GPA was years ago, we would expect to see more recent successful Computer Science course work. Therefore, we will review your transcript to judge if you have demonstrated the ability to achieve at least the minimum GPA for the degree for which you are applying (3.25 out of 4 for the MS degree and 3.45 out of 4 for the Ph.D. and 3.0 out of 4.0 for the MCS degree). In addition to reviewing your transcript, we consider academic institutions you have attended

USN Rank 35
Washington University – St. Louis
USN Rank 42
Indiana University – Bloomington

USN Rank 42
Northwestern University – CS
“Statistics: Incoming 2002-2003 Graduates: GRE Q 731, GRE A 773, GRE V 567,
GRE W 5.1, Undergrad GPA 3.58 ”
USN Rank 42
University of California – Davis
University of California, Davis – CS
“GRE for Fall 2003 admits … Averages: Verbal 596, Quantitative 753,
Analytical 724, Written Analytical 5.0”
USN Rank 42
University of Rochester – CS
“(V+Q+A) GRE score over 2100”
USN Rank 42
Virginia Tech

Degrees offered

Masters and Ph.D.

GRE and other admission requirements

Factors affecting the admissions process: Our primary admissions criterion is our expectation regarding the applicant’s ability to have a productive career as a research-track graduate student. We base this assessment on the academic record (amount of Computer Science background, where previous degrees were obtained, class rank and grade point average, and scores on standard exams such as the GRE and TOEFL), proficiency in English speaking and writing, letters of recommendation, and prior research or work experience. We do not declare any official ‘minimum’ GRE scores; performance on the GRE is just one factor taken into account.

For Spring Semester 2004 applicants to Blacksburg Campus, we processed 76 applications, admitted 16, and 9 new students came. For Fall 2004, we processed 588 applications, admitted 147

Deadline

Fall Semester: January 15

Spring Semester: October 15

Due to the high volume of applications received, it is strongly recommended that you apply well in advance. This is particularly true for international applicants and any applicant who desires financial assistance.

Finance Opportunities

When making decisions on offers of Graduate Teaching Assistantships, we do not take financial need or ability of students to support themselves into account. However, international students who are not given a Graduate Teaching Assistantship will not normally be offered admission unless they have completed a financial certification form indicating sufficient resources available to complete their degree requirements.

MS Coursework-only students will normally be given assistantships if funding is available after all qualified Thesis and PhD students have been funded.

Graduate Teaching Assistantship (GTA): We typically award about 50 of these each semester. Usually one-quarter to one-third are offered to new students. In 2002/03, stipends were approximately $1500/month for nine months. Students on assistantships are exempt from tuition.

Graduate Research Assistantship (GRA): Many faculty have active research programs that include funds for research assistants. Our current active grants total approximately $5 million, and we typically fund 20-30 GRAs. Note that GRAs are almost never awarded to students who have not been in the Department for at least one semester. GRAs receive the same stipends and tuition exemption as the teaching assistants.

Computer Science Scholars: a limited number of exceptional applicants are admitted as CS Scholars, which guarantees them multiple years of support.

Cunningham Fellowships: We currently award three Cunningham Fellowships, which provide (in addition to a GTA position and tuition) support at the GRA level during the summer months for research work. These are only available to US citizens and permanent residents.
Minority Scholarships: Virginia Tech provides a number of scholarships for minority students who are US citizens. Contact the CS Department at gradprog@cs.vt.edu for further information about applying to these programs.

Other departments and local companies: Our graduate students are in demand to fill positions in other departments doing software development and system administration. There are also a number of software development companies in the Corporate Research Center (CRC) who have a history of hiring our students.

Professor Contact or Research at Vtech

Also Check

USN Rank 47
Dartmouth College

Degrees offered

GRE and other admission requirements

Deadline
Finance Opportunities
Professor Contact

USN Rank 47
University of Florida – CISE

Degrees offered

GRE and other admission requirements

“minimum: GRE: 1100 (math and verbal, with math>600, verbal>400). The
averages are: 560 verbal, 760 quantitative, 680 analytical, and 1320 total
(verbal + quant)”
Deadline
Finance Opportunities

Professor Contact

USN Rank 49
Michigan State University – CSE

Degrees offered

GRE and other admission requirements
“GPA at least 3.2 … Applicants should have a total (verbal, quantitative,
analytical) score of at least 2000. For the ‘new’ GRE, the total of Verbal
and Quantitative scores should be at least 1360, and the Analytical Writing
score should be at least 4.5. The scores mentioned above are generally
considered as minimum requirements, and they do not guarantee admission if
met.”
Deadline
Finance Opportunities

Professor Contact
USN Rank 49
North Carolina State University – CS

Degrees offered

GRE and other admission requirements
“Guideline scores are: Verbal Reasoning 65%, Quantitative Reasoning 85%,
Analytical Writing 70%. In recent years, admission has become more
competitive. For international students, the average percentile for the
Verbal Reasoning, Quantitative Reasoning, and Analytical Writing parts have
exceeded 70% for most students gaining admission. GPA of 3.2 or better”
|
Deadline
Finance Opportunities
Professor Contact
USN Rank 49
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute – CS

“The average GRE scores of admitted applicants for Fall 2003 were Verbal
562, Quantitative 756, and Analytical 724. However, applicants should not
place too much importance on these numbers”
USN Rank 49
Texas A&M – College Station

USN Rank 49
University of California – Santa Barbara

USN Rank 49
University of Pittsburg

USN Rank 55
Arizona State University – CSE

“The minimum scores we accept for the GRE is 1750: 400 Verbal, 700
Quantitative, and 650 Analytical.”
|
USN Rank 55
Suny – Buffalo

USN Rank 55
Syracuse University

USN Rank 55
University of California – Santa Cruz

USN Rank 55

University of Illinois, Chicago – CS
“a cumulative grade point average of at least 3.5 on a 4.0 scale, and a
total score of 1200 or above on the GRE General Exam is acceptable (500+ on
verbal, 700+ on quantitative, and 4.5+/6.0 on analytical).”
USN Rank 60
Boston University

USN Rank 60
Iowa State University – CS
“3.30 out of a possible 4.00. And ranking in top quartile of the graduating
class. Successful candidates place in the 90th percentile in quantitative and
analytical sections when percentiles are reported by ETS.”
USN Rank 60
Oregon Health and Sciences University – OGI CSE
“Desirable GPA is 3.5/4.0. Recently admitted master’s students have
averaged 82nd percentile on the quantitative section and 70th percentile on
the analytical. Students not taking the TOEFL averaged 79th percentile on
the Verbal section”
USN Rank 60
University of Delaware – CIS

“Minimum scores of 550, 600 and 3.5 on the verbal, quantitative, and
analytical writing sections, respectively, of the Graduate Record
Examination Aptitude Test.”

USN Rank 60
University of Iowa

“A minimum 3.00 undergraduate grade point average…
strong GRE scores typically average >= 1800 (V+Q+130*W, where V=verbal,
Q=quantitative, and W=analytic writing); ”

USN Rank 60

University of Oregon – CS
“Acceptable GRE score on the general test. Minimum scores which are
considered to be favorable are a verbal score of 500 or better and
quantitative score of 650 or better and an analytical score of at least
4.5. ”

USN Rank 60
Vanderbilt University

USN Rank 67
Case Western Reserve University – EECS
“The combined GRE score for the analytical, verbal and quantitative exams
should be over 1700. Students not fitting within the guidelines but
demonstrating they would be excellent students may also be admitted.”
|
USN Rank 67
Northeastern University

USN Rank 67
Oregon State University – EECS
“minimum … GPA 3.00 … GRE … The minimum requirement is a combined
score of 1200 on the Verbal and Quantitative sections … EECS does not have
the capacity to accommodate all applicants who meet the minimum admission
requirements”
USN Rank 67
University of Tennessee, Knoxville – CS

Degrees offered

Masters and Ph.D.

GRE and other admission requirements

GPA:International applicants with a degree from a US school need a minimum GPA of 2.7. Students with degrees outside the US must have a minimum undergraduate GPA of 3.0

We can request an exception to this rule, but for us to do so, an applicant will need strong compensating evidence of ability–such as high GRE scores.

GREs: We require the general GRE test for regular admission and almost never waive this requirement. However, we do not require up-to-date GREs and occasionally use GREs that were taken 10 to 20 years ago. In the MS program, we currently average about 2000 on the verbal + quantitative + analytical total for those we admit. In the Ph.D. program, we tend to expect a GRE verbal score of 600 or greater, a quantitative score of 700 or greater (750 or greater for international applicants), and an analytical score of 5.0 or greater.

We do admit people directly into the PhD program from bachelors’ degrees; such students must also complete the MS coursework, and must in their applications show strong evidence of ability to complete a PhD.

Deadline

We have rolling admissions, with no fixed quotas on the number of students admitted. We do admit students for Spring Semester in January: (perhaps 25-30% of our students enter at this time and a number of GTA positions are usually available then).

International / Domestic Students – MS Program or Ph.D.
Fall Admission & Assistantship Feb 1

Spring Admission & Assistantship June 15

Finance Opportunities
Research Assistantships
These are usually awarded by faculty who have grant money to students who have taken courses from them. The Computer Science Department does not choose/hire GRAs, but rather the individual faculty decide on who they want, and consequently funds do not often go to incoming graduate students.

Teaching Assistantships
We like to receive applications by March 1st for Fall Semester, but we are receptive to applications from good US students after that time (international students, due to visa and other requirements, do not have the luxury of late applications for GTA positions). We strive for flexibility, and while the bulk of the GTA offers are made in March, we usually continue to make offers while positions are still available throughout the spring and summer. Positions are competitive; we only support students pursuing CS degrees. We currently expect GTAs to be able to teach labs that use the C programming language and the UNIX operating system; a lack of C and UNIX skills may adversely affect an applicant’s chances of obtaining a GTA position.
System and Network Administrator
We have a sizable support staff of people managing our labs and handling the UNIX system administration and other matters. We usually have four to six graduate assistants doing sysadmin work. Students who have good UNIX sysadmin/network admin skills can inquire about the availability of such GA positions. Interviews are usually necessary for these positions. The Division of Information Infrastructure (DII), formerly called the University of Tennessee Computing Center, has a variety of systems and network groups, many of which have some GA positions. Obtaining a position with DII requires interviews and cannot be done remotely. Students interested in CS System and Network Administration and DII positions can contact Dr. David Straight: straight@cs.utk.edu

Professor Contact or Research at UTK

Some other Good Universities

Auburn University – CSSE
“In general, only students who have at least a 3.0/4.0 undergraduate grade
point average will be considered for graduate admission. All applicants must
submit a satisfactory score for the general test of the Graduate Record
Examination (GRE) before being considered.”

|

Brigham Young University – CS

“realistic minimums are: GPA of at least 3.3 (last 60 hours). Above the 50th
percentile on all three sections of the GRE. At least a score of 4.0 on the
new Writing section of the GRE. Actual averages of students admitted to the
MS program for the Fall 2004 Semester: GRE percentiles: 69% (V), 82% (Q),
4.57 (Writing Score) GPA: 3.69 ”

College of William and Mary – CS
“Historically, the average scores for incoming (fall) students over several
years has been … Verbal 518-541, Quantitative 684-749, Analytical 643-695,
Average GPA: 3.29-3.4”
|
Florida State University – CS
“All students admitted to the program significantly exceed these criteria in
at least some areas. The minimum GRE score required for admission to the
Department of Computer Science is 1100 (Verbal and Quantitative combined)
with a minimum of 650 on the Quantitative. ”
Illinois Institute of Technology – CS
“overall GPA of 3.0/4.0. For the old, pre-October 2002 GRE exam, the minimum
required combined general GRE scores (verbal + analytical + quantitative
scores) is 1200. For the new exam, the requirements are 900 (verbal +
quantitative scores) and 2.5 (analytical writing) … satisfying the minimum
requirements for admission does not automatically imply admission”
Kansas State University
“For M.S. and Ph.D. applicants; minimum GRE scores of 400/700 Verbal,
650/700 Quantitative, and 4.0/4.5 Analytical Writing”

Lehigh University – CSE
“We prefer students with at least a 3.5 on a 4.0 scale, in their major and
overall. The average score for successful applicants has been over 2000 in
the old GREs (with three parts). We will prefer high scores (over 4.0) on
the new written component.”
Michigan Technological University – CS
“Minimum scores of 75% quantitative, 75% analytical and 50% verbal are
required”

New Jersey Institute of Technology – CS
“3.0 GPA. If an applicant has less than 350 in the Verbal test, the
application will be rejected. If an applicant has less than 650 in the
quantitative test, the application will be rejected. If an applicant has
less than 4.0 in the analytical writing test, the application will be
rejected. Other than that, the higher the overall score is the better. ”
New Mexico State University – CS
“For success in graduate-level Computer Science, a Verbal score in the high
400’s is OK but not good, and 500’s are better (native English speakers
should score MUCH higher); the Quantitative and Analytical scores ought to
be at least mid-high 600’s, with 700’s being better. ”

Ohio University – CS
“most successful applicants score in the top 25th percentile on the
quantitative and analytical writing portions. ”
Temple University – CIS
“An undergraduate GPA of 3.0 on a 4.0 system or 3.0 during the last two
years. The GRE examination is required. A minimum score of 1000 (verbal plus
quantitative) and a minimum 25th percentile verbal score is expected”

University of Alabama, Birmingham – CIS
“1100 or better on the quantitative plus verbal (Q+V) Graduate Record
Examination … grade point average (GPA) of at least 3.0 (4.0 scale),
overall or for the last 60 hours (preferably higher in computer science
courses)”

University of Alabama, Huntsville – CS
“A combined score of at least 1500 is required on the GRE basic test.”
University of Arkansas – CSCE
“On the other hand, we usually don’t admit into our graduate studies program
if any of the scores are below the 60th percentile. If the Verbal test score
is below the 60th percentile, but the other test scores are above that mark,
then we might admit …”

University of Colorado, Colorado Springs – SWE
“An overall undergraduate grade point average of 3.0 (on a scale of 4.0;
awarded within the past five years) or minimum 1800 GRE (verbal +
quantitative + analytic)” |

University of Connecticut – CSE
“minimum scores for admission into the Master’s program is 500 for the
verbal, 750 (or 85th percentile) for the quantitative and 4 for the written”

University of Houston – CS
“Applicants with an overall grade point average of at least 3.0 (out of 4.0)
are encouraged to apply. Average scores of successful applicants to this
program for Fall 2004: GRE: 534 verbal, 755 quantitative.” |
University of Idaho – CS
“an undergraduate GPA of 3.0 or higher. 1200 cumulative for verbal and
quantitative and 4.5 for analytical”

University of Kansas – EECS

“Successful applicants to our graduate programs
have strong undergraduate grades (above 3.0 / 4.0 USA, 70% India, or 80%
China) and GRE scores above 1900 (500 verbal, 700 quantitative, 700
analytical).”
University of Memphis – CS
“It is recommended that applicants have a verbal score of at least 400 and a
quantitative score of at least 400 on the GRE. Applicants with lower test
scores may be considered in exceptional cases. minimum GPA of 2.5” |

University of Missouri, Columbia – CS
“A GPA of at least 3.0 (A= 4.0) for the last half of the undergraduate
curriculum. The minimum acceptable scores are the 25th percentile on the
verbal (GRE-V) part, the 80th percentile on the quantitative (GRE-Q) part,
and 4 on the analytical writing part.”
University of Missouri, Rolla – CS
“A minimum GRE verbal score of 370. A minimum combined GRE quantitative and
analytic score of 1200 or GRE Quantitative >=600 and AW score >=3.5. An
undergraduate GPA of 3.0/4.0 or better over the last 2 years.”
University of New Mexico – CS
“The department has established criteria for the GRE scores of 570
(verbal-native English speakers), 670 (quantitative) and 620 (analytical).
These are not hard and fast cutoffs …”
University of North Texas – CS
“GPA 3.00 in prior work, Verbal – 400, Quantitative – 700, Analytical 600,
Analytical Writing 4.0”
University of Notre Dame – CSE
“It is our experience that students with a GRE total exceeding 2000, in the
upper 10% of their class … will do the best”
University of South Carolina – CSE
“at least a 3.00 GPA. The average GRE scores of the accepted applicants for
Fall 2002 were: Verbal 539, Quantitative 720 and Analytical 668”
University of South Florida – CSE
“A minimum total score of 1200 in the verbal and quantitative portions of
the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) (must make at least 500 verbal,) and a
minimum grade point average of 3.3 out of 4.0 for all course work completed
during the last two years”
University of Texas, Arlington – CSE
“An overall GPA of 3.0. A GPA of 3.2 or higher on CS/CSE related course work
in the last two years. A sum of verbal and quantitative GRE scores of at
least 1150 for MS. GRE quantitative 700 and GRE verbal 400.”
University of Texas, Dallas – CS
“Minimum requirements are: GPA of at least 3.0 (last 60 hours). GPA in
quantitative courses of at least 3.3. GRE scores of at least 1200 (verbal +
quantitative) or 1800 (verbal + quantitative + analytical) is advisable”
University of Toledo – EECS
“GRE Verbal score of 500, Quantitative score of 700 and Analytical writing
score of 4.5. For students from the old GRE system, the cut-off score is
1800”
University of Wyoming – CS
“A minimum combined score (verbal and quantitative) of 900 for master’s
applicants and 1000 for doctoral applicants is required. To be considered
for admission to graduate study in the department, applicants must achieve a
high score on the quantitative portion of the general examination, in
addition to meeting the combined score requirements.”
Wayne State University – CS
“at least – verbal 450, quantitative 750, analytical writing 4.5 (Old exam
format requirement is analytical score of 650)”
CANADIAN UNIVERSITIES
Simon Fraser University – CS
“For M.Sc. and Ph.D. applicants, the minimum GRE requirement is Verbal 560,
Quantitative 740, and Analytical 700. ”
University of Saskatchewan – CS
“What is the Department’s minimum GRE requirement? The minimum overall score
that is required is 2000,”
University of New Brunswick – CS
“normally require a minimum score of 600 for Quantitative Section and a
minimum score of 3.5 for the Analytical Writing. … necessary but not
sufficient.”

University of Alberta – CS

“Applicants who have previous degrees from outside Canada must take the GRE
(general). Our successful applicants obtain a minimum score of 700 each on
the quantitative and analytical components (or a comparable score on the
analytical writing section).

Successful Essays – Statement of Purpose (SOPs)

NOTE:

My advice

[1] Have a look at some of these Essays (SOP’s)

[2] When it’s time to write your essay, do it yourself. Do not look at other essays nor copy them.

[3] Having made a draft take a look at as many SOPs as you can. Borrow points  which you think are good. However use your own language.

[4] Your SOP need not be too long. SOPs should be direct and to-the-point.

[5] A SOP MUST BE ORIGINAL.

Statement of Purpose – 1

I am applying to Stanford for admission to the Ph.D. program in Computer Science. I am interested in Theoretical Computer Science, particularly in the Design and Analysis of Approximation Algorithms, Combinatory and Complexity Theory.

My interest in Mathematics goes back to the time I was at school. This interest has only grown through my years in school and high school, as I have learnt more and more about the subject. Having represented India at the International Mathematical Olympiads on two occasions, I have been exposed to elements of Discrete Mathematics, particularly Combinatory and Graph Theory, outside the regular school curriculum at an early stage. The intensive training programs we were put through for the Olympiads have given me a lot of confidence in dealing with abstract mathematical problems.

My exposure to Computer Science began after I entered the ****. The excellent facilities, courses and faculty have given me a firm background of the fundamentals in Computer Science. Having been exposed to the various facets of Computer Science in the course of my undergraduate studies, I have found Theoretical Computer Science most intellectually satisfying and stimulating. Courses like `Discrete Structures’, `Data Structures and Algorithms’, Theory of Computation’ and Algorithms and Complexity’ have been my firm favorites. I find the problems in Theoretical Computer Science particularly appealing because of the flavor of abstract mathematics that I love so much. At the same time, the problems in this field have a concrete basis, originating from practical problems in Computer Science. This adds to their appeal.

Recently, a lot of exciting developments have taken place in the field of approximation algorithms. The Markov chain approach and the primal/dual approach have emerged as powerful techniques for the development of approximation algorithms. More recently, semi-definite programming has been used to obtain approximation algorithms for Optimization problems. An interesting connection with results in Interactive Proof Systems has yielded lower bounds on the approximability of various problems. I believe that these methods have a lot of potential. Members of the faculty at Stanford have done a lot of the pioneering work in these areas. Prof.YYY has been involved in the work on Interactive Proof Systems and semi-definite programming. I have read about these results in the course of my seminar (Junior Thesis), my summer training at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Bombay, and my B.Tech. Project (Senior Thesis). I find them very fascinating and intend to work with problems of a similar flavor.

I am convinced that I should pursue a career in research and teaching. For me, problem solving is an exhilarating experience, unequaled by anything else. It would be immensely gratifying for me to be able to contribute something to the understanding of a subject that has given me so much pleasure and joy. It would also be wonderful to have the opportunity to share with others that feeling of pleasure and joy, through teaching. My few experiences with teaching, as a tutor for an undergraduate course and as a lecturer in student workshops, have evoked favorable responses and have been thoroughly enjoyable. I believe that I have the capacity to make the commitment and accept the challenges that a career in research involves. I am confident that I have the requisite aptitude, exposure and motivation to make a meaningful contribution to my chosen field.

My summer training at TIFR has given me the experience of working in an organization oriented towards research. In the course of the two months I spent there, my interaction with the Theoretical Computer Science group has taught me a lot of things and also whets my appetite for more knowledge. I realize how important it is, as a researcher, to interact with other people working in the same field, and at the same time, am able to work individually.

A good research career can only be built above the firm foundation of a good education. With my long-term goal in mind, my immediate objective is to work towards a Ph.D. in Computer Science. Having done my undergraduate studies at undoubtedly one of the best undergraduate institutions in India, I would consider it my privilege to be able to pursue my doctoral studies at Stanford and avail of the excellent infrastructure facilities and research opportunities it has to offer. I am sure that the stimulating academic environment and interaction with the distinguished faculty at Stanford will prove immensely fruitful and facilitate my development as an individual Researcher in my field. I feel that Stanford has a lot to offer me, and at the same time, I am confident that I would be able to make a positive contribution to on going research work at Stanford University.

Having decided that I will engage in the pursuit of a career in research, I am fully aware of the implications. I am aware of the kind of dedication, resilience and resolve that it calls for. I feel that I am adequately prepared, both in having the technical qualifications, and in having the right mind-set for doctoral level Research work. I look forward to a long and mutually beneficial relationship with Stanford University.

Statement of Purpose 2

My objective for graduate studies in Computer Science is to prepare myself for the long-term goal of pursuing a career of teaching and research. I have nurtured a strong passion to become a scientist and pursue research. In the pursuit of Knowledge, I have always adopted a rigorous approach in order to attain an in-depth understanding of the subject at hand. This has amply reflected in my consistently brilliant career, always topping the class and having received numerous national level awards. With a GPA of 9.72, I am ranked first at the *** among nearly 350 students.

I have been involved in research in parallel and distributed computing systems. I studied various problems in distributed systems and distributed databases including deadlock detection and resolution, termination detection, distributed snapshots and consistency. I have been attracted towards the field of correctness of parallel programs. I published a Technical Report reporting errors in two published deadlock detection algorithms and highlight their underlying deficiencies with respect to the distributed nature of computation. I am also involved in the development of an optimizer generator, which would automate the process of writing optimizers based on the specifications of the optimizations. I am currently engaged in writing a paper on an efficient algorithm for performing global data-flow analysis. The new algorithm that I have developed utilizes the notion of backward information flow to perform propagation using work-lists in an efficient manner. I have been in correspondence with Prof. yyyy about my algorithm and other aspects of the problem.

I have chosen to pursue graduate studies at Stanford University because by working under the guidance of the distinguished researchers I am confident of making an original contribution in the field of Computer Science. My interest in research has burgeoned during my undergraduate studies at ***. I have excelled in our well-rounded and exacting undergraduate program and have developed a solid background to take up research in Computer Science.

I have decided to go in for graduate studies which calls for a personal commitment to the fulfilling craft of independent research and that involves willingly making personal sacrifices of time, leisure and immediate reward. In turn I shall get intellectual satisfaction and the gratification of becoming a contributor to knowledge through research and the greater personal rewards of learning and discovery. I believe that I possess the motivation, intellectual ability and preparation to set out on this exhilarating and arduous path and to make significant original contributions to your on-going research work.

I look forward to joining Stanford University as a graduate student at your esteemed department.

Statement of Purpose 3

GOALS

I am applying to Princeton University for admission to the Ph.D. program in (Computer Science}. My research interests lie in the field of Theoretical Computer Science. More specifically, I am interested in the Design and Analysis of Algebraic, Combinatorial and Number Theoretic Algorithms as well as their applications. Other areas that interest me are Theory of Computation, Complexity Theory and Geometric Algorithms.

My long-term goal is to be actively involved with research and teaching in an area that I love. I look forward to such an involvement as a faculty member at a reputed university. A Ph.D. in one of the aforementioned areas would be the crucial first step towards this goal.

PERSONAL-BACKGROUND

Both my parents have done their Ph.D.’s in Mathematics and my father is an active researcher in Applied Mathematics. This had inculcated in me a love for Mathematics right from my school days. On the other hand, I entered school in the same year in which the “personal computer revolution” began in India; therefore I have, in some sense, “grown up with computers”. My interest in Theoretical Computer Science is the combined result of these two influences.

MATHS-BACKGROUND

While in high school, I was involved with the Mathematical Olympiad program and this culminated in my being awarded a silver medal at the 34th International Mathematical Olympiad. As a result of this involvement, I was exposed to basic Combinatory, Graph Theory and Number Theory at an early age. Moreover, the intensive training-cum-selection program I underwent has honed my skills and bolstered my confidence in problem solving. It has also whetted my appetite for problem solving and made me a regular reader of the Problem sections of periodicals like American Mathematical Monthly and Mathematics Magazine.

I was chosen, by the National Board of Higher Mathematics, as one of 18 undergraduates all over India to participate in their nurture program, in parallel with my formal undergraduate training. The resulting three-year-long interaction with the School of Mathematics of the prestigious Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), has given me a substantial background in advanced mathematics (including Group, Ring and Field Theory, Linear Algebra, Real and Complex Analysis, Measure Theory and Topology). As part of this year’s program, I am studying Commutative Algebra, Algebraic Number Theory and Functional Analysis.

I hope to put my mathematical background to good use in my research work.

CS-BACKGROUND

I am currently a senior undergraduate student of the **** majoring in Computer Science and Engineering. I had chosen this department for its academically stimulating atmosphere, excellent faculty and broad spectrum of courses, many of which have a strong mathematical flavor.

Now, having acquired a firm foundation in the various areas of Computer Science, I am sure that my forte is Theoretical Computer Science. I find that my motivation, as well as my aptitude, is the strongest in this field: I have secured the highest possible grade (AA) in all the five theory courses that I have taken at **** namely, Discrete Structures, Data Structures and Algorithms, Design and Analysis of Algorithms, Theory of Computation} and Operations Research.

I have further enhanced my Theory background by opting for theoretical topics in my

{Seminar} (junior thesis) and my {B.Tech.\Project} (senior thesis). The former involved studies in Commutative Algebra and Computational Algebra, while the latter has involved Combinatorial Algorithms, Graph Theory and Randomized Algorithms and will soon involve Approximation Algorithms and applications of graph partitioning to VLSI design.

RESEARCH-PLANS

I find Algorithms and Complexity theory the most appealing areas of Computer Science because of their many beautiful results together with their numerous applications to real-life problems in Databases, Operating Systems, Graphics, Compilers and so on. I am fascinated with the enormous potential for research in these areas which has been revealed to me in my {Seminar} and {B.Tech\project} and that is what I envisage myself doing a decade from now.

Since problem solving is the most enjoyable and rewarding experience I have ever known, and since it is an integral part of a career in research and teaching in Theoretical Computer Science, I am convinced that such a career is the right choice for me. I am eager to contribute something to a subject that has given me so much joy. I am also enthusiastic about being involved in its teaching, as teaching a subject enhances one’s own understanding of it.

WHY-THIS-UNIV

Princeton University has one of the world’s very best Theoretical Computer Science groups. An opportunity to interact with this group would be a golden one for any budding theoretician.

From a careful study of the department’s brochures and the advice of the faculty at ****, I have realized that Princeton can provide me with a perfect environment for directing my mental resources towards independent research. I am confident of meeting the high standards of Princeton; my active involvement and enthusiasm in my undergraduate studies, which is amply reflected in my being ranked {first in the institute}, should serve as proof of my possessing the necessary qualities.

CONCLUDING

Keeping in mind my long-term goals, my immediate objective is to work towards a Ph.D. in Computer Science. I am aware of the kind of dedication, perseverance and resolve I need to have for a fruitful career in research and teaching. I believe my background has not only qualified me technically but also given me the right mind-set for such a career.

I look forward to joining as a graduate student in your department and having a long and mutually profitable association with Princeton University.

Statement of Purpose 4

Statement of long-term goals

After carefully considering my aptitude, interests, the nature of my training and my ultimate professional ambition, I have decided to pursue a {Doctoral degree} in Computer Science, in my fields of interest {Computer Graphics} and {Computational Geometry}, ultimately leading to a career in teaching and research. As a Statement of purpose of my graduate study, I describe here my academic background, research interests and career goals.

Academic achievements

I have excelled in academics at every stage of my education. In the twelve years of my schooling, I have always been ranked first or second in my class. I stood $111th out of 100,000 candidates in the highly competitive examination for admission to the undergraduate program at the ****. In the Regional Mathematics Olympiad 1990, I was ranked 6th in my home state of Maharashtra.

Brief description of field of study

The excellent undergraduate program at the *** not only provided me with a strong foundation of Computer Science fundamentals, but also exposed me to various fields of Computer Science. I have always been interested in problems involving visualization. At ***, this led to an inclination towards Computer Graphics and Computational Geometry. I substantiated my knowledge in these areas by choosing graduate level electives in Advanced Computer Graphics and Geometric Algorithms. I am currently working on my yearlong B.Tech Project (senior thesis) titled { Triangulations in 3 Dimensions}, under the guidance of Dr. yyy. In this thesis we are looking at decompositions of polyhedral into surplices with an emphasis on obtaining well shaped tetrahedral.

Seminar

I am also interested in Multimedia technology. In my third year, I presented a home paper titled {Multimedia Databases} under the guidance of Dr. yyy. In this paper, our study was focused on issues involved in the storage and real time retrieval of multimedia objects in a multi-user environment.

Teaching and work experience

My years at **** have given me substantial teaching experience. I have delivered lectures at Workshops on Unix conducted by the department and have been a teaching assistant for an introductory course in programming. This has built in me a lot of

Confidence that is required to excel as a teacher.

Experience in field of study

Though my experiences in **** have provided me with a strong foundation in my fields of interest, a good graduate program is necessary not only to increase my knowledge in these fields but also to mould me into a good researcher. I am fully aware of the hard work and perseverance required for a successful career in research and I believe that I have the aptitude and drive to meet the challenge.

University paragraph

The Graduate program at SUNY, Stony Brook is fully suited to my goals. Graphics and Computational Geometry are strong areas of research at Stony Brook. I have found the faculty and the research work to be quite impressive. I feel that to be associated with this group would stand me in good stead throughout my research career. I have also been impressed by the computing facilities available at Stony Brook for research and education. My B.Tech Project advisor has also strongly encouraged me to apply to your program. I am confident that given the opportunity, I will be able to make significant

Contributions to the on going research at Stony Brook.

I corresponded with Prof.yyy whose encouraging reply reinforced my decision to apply to Stony Brook.

I look forward to joining SUNY, Stony Brook as a graduate student at your esteemed department.

STATEMENT OF PURPOSE 5

It is after a good deal of self-evaluation that I have decided to pursue graduate studies in Computer Science leading to a doctorate. This decision followed naturally after carefully considering my academic background, the areas of my interest, and my ultimate professional ambition, which is to pursue a research career, either as a teaching faculty member, or in an R & D department of the industry.

My undergraduate education at *** has provided me with a strong and comprehensive background in Computer Science. The curriculum included all the basic courses such as Data Structures and Algorithms, Discrete Structures, Computer Organization and Design, Systems Programming, Theory of Computation, etc.

I had always been fascinated by the field of Artificial Intelligence, which is why I chose the topic of “Human and Artificial Intelligence” for my junior thesis. The literature survey that this entailed exposed me to the fundamental concepts, as also the research work in progress, in the various domains of Artificial Intelligence I concentrated on issues involved in Natural Language Processing and Knowledge Representation.

My B. Tech. project (senior thesis) is “Word Recognition, Spell Checking and Correction using ART-based neural networks”. We are investigating the use of neural networks, configured under the Adaptive Resonance Theory paradigm, for the task of detecting spelling mistakes in English text and generating good suggestions for incorrectly spelled words. This guided independent work has given me a good understanding of the theoretical, experimental and computational skills required in Computer Science.

I have been a teaching assistant for the introductory course “Computer Programming and Utilization” conducted by Prof. yyy of the Computer Science department. I have also helped in organizing, and given a lecture on the “VI” editor, during the UNIX workshop conducted by the Computer Science and Engineering Association of our Department.

There are two reasons why I believe that graduate study in a reputed department, such as yours, is important for a person aspiring for a research career. Firstly, working for a thesis under the guidance of an expert whose work can serve as a model is the most effective method of transforming a student into a largely independent researcher making significant original contributions. Secondly, the emphasis of graduate study on intensive and independent study of a specialized area is an ideal way of making a student capable of reaching the frontiers of knowledge in a subfield quickly and keeping abreast of the latest developments.

I feel that with its comprehensive facilities and competent faculty doing quality research work in the field of Artificial Intelligence will be the ideal place for me to pursue graduate studies. The working atmosphere of a vigorously active department will be helpful in motivating me towards excellence.

In short, I believe that a good graduate program is an essential step for realizing my professional ambition of becoming a competent researcher. I also believe that I possess the motivation, intellectual ability and preparation to do justice to a demanding graduate program. My excellent undergraduate record and my high GRE scores are testimony to that.

I, therefore, look forward to joining your department as a graduate student.

STATEMENT OF PURPOSE 6

Long Term Goals

My undergraduate training in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering at the **** has exposed me to a stimulating academic environment where learning and research go hand–in–hand. Through the many opportunities I have had here, I have found that I have a deep interest in research work and a strong aptitude for the type of problem solving and problem discovery that it involves. I have, therefore, decided to pursue active research in Computer Science as a career.

Areas of Interest

Of the many fields in the Computer Science spectrum, I am especially interested in Computer Systems. Within this field, I am interested in computer networks, distributed systems, operating systems and distributed operating systems. My junior seminar work, my practical training and my courses have given me plenty of exposure to these areas and I feel that I have sufficient motivation and aptitude to work in this field.

I am also interested in Programming Language design and Programming Systems. I have worked in these areas in my summer project at TIFR and in my ongoing B. Tech. project. I would like to continue to learn about these areas in my graduate program.

Immediate Goals

I plan to work towards a Ph. D. program with a focus on Distributed and Parallel operating Systems. I would also like to follow up my interests in Computer Networks, Distributed Systems, Operating Systems and Programming Languages through my course work. I feel that this should be my next step on my road to a research career in Computer Science.

Why Duke?

I have selected Duke as the place for me to continue with my education because I found that the Graduate Program in Computer Science suited my needs perfectly. I have found the Duke Computer Science Department faculty and the research being carried out in Computer Systems, especially in Distributed Operating Systems, to be very impressive. I feel that to be associated with this group for the many years of my Ph. D. would stand me in good stead for my research career. I have also been impressed by the computing facilities available at Duke for research and education. These are much superior to those available to a graduate student in India. Taking all these factors into account, I feel that Duke is the perfect place for my graduate studies and I am confident that I will make a positive contribution to the ongoing research work at Duke.

Am I Prepared?

My undergraduate preparation at the Computer Science and Engineering Department of the **** has given me a very substantial knowledge of the basic areas of Computer Science. Through my junior seminar work, I have acquired a good knowledge of distributed operating systems and the problems they entail. It also exposed me to the broad fields of computer networks, distributed systems and operating systems. I have also been exposed to practical computer networks and network programming in the course of my practical training at the State Bank of India, Head Office. My course projects have given me plenty of experience in programming using various programming languages, software packages and operating systems. I have selected {Introduction to Computer Networks} as an elective course in the seventh semester so as to broaden my knowledge in this area. Therefore, I feel confident that I have acquired both a broad base in Computer Science and a strong foundation in Computer Systems.

Summing Up

I am aware of the hard work and perseverance necessary for research work and I know that it is not always as exciting as the published results seem to indicate. Nevertheless, I am sure that my aptitude and drive will see me through the challenge. I hope to have a long and mutually profitable association with Duke.

STATEMENT OF PURPOSE 7

I, am a senior student of the Bachelor of Technology program in Computer Science and Engineering at the ****. I am applying for graduate studies in Computer Science leading to a Ph.D. I see this as a first step towards achieving my career objective of research in an academic environment.

Academic Background

I have excelled in academics right from my school days. In school, I consistently used to secure one of the top positions in the class. In my twelth standard examinations, I was placed in the merit position at an All India level. I have always been attracted towards subjects that draw upon one’s analytical abilities. Thus, Mathematics and Physics were my favorite subjects. I was placed among the top 1% of the candidates who appeared for the National Search Examination in Physics all over India. Later, I secured the 97th position among the 80,000 candidates who appeared throughout India for the Joint Entrance Examination. This examination is conducted by the *** the premier engineering institutions of India, for selecting the best of Indian talent.

Computer Science Background

The undergraduate program at *** aims to strike a balance between the theoretical as well as the practical aspects of Computer Science. This has given me a sound understanding of the fundamentals at both the theoretical as well as practical levels.

I have performed reasonably well in my undergraduate courses at ***, but since *** admits only the best students throughout the country, I believe, in view of the competitive atmosphere, that the grades secured should not be considered in an absolute sense.

During the course of the B.Tech. program I have developed a keen interest in the fields of Computer Graphics, Algorithms and Operating Systems. At present I am working under the guidance of Dr.yyy on my home paper titled {Physically Based Modeling}. As a junior, I had presented a seminar on {Associative–Commutative Matching and Unification}. I have included a brief summary of both these separately

Purpose of Doctoral Study and Career Goals

During the course of my education at ***, I have realized and felt convinced that my true liking and aptitude lies in research and teaching. Research and teaching go hand in hand. Teaching gives one a sense of constructive participation in the education Process. Research enables a person to stay in touch with the latest advances, while making one’s own contributions to the field. I have also had a good deal of teaching experience as an undergraduate teaching assistant during my junior year for the freshman course

{Computer Programming and Utilization}. I have included a brief description of this and relevant certificates to substantiate my claim.

I believe that graduate education is not merely a continuation of college studies. I think that graduate education is process, in which the student learns how to do independent research.

My decision to apply to UNIV is based on a careful examination of the department bulletin and the research interests of the faculty members. I have contacted PROF, who has encouraged me to apply. I would really love working under his guidance for my PhD’s believe that graduate education at your University will enhance my knowledge, give me wide exposure and develop my abilities to do independent research. I consider myself an enthusiastic and hardworking person, and I am sure that my stay your university will be a very fruitful one.

STATEMENT OF PURPOSE 8

My goals

I am applying to the PhD program in Computer Science at Brown University. After considering my aptitude and the type of work that I enjoy most, I am convinced that I want to take up a career in research in Computer Science. A PhD is just one step towards realizing this goal.

My preparation for the same

My formal introduction to Computer Science began at ***. Under its excellent faculty, I got exposed to the entire spectrum of Computer Science. In an environment that is intensely competitive, and where research goes hand-in-hand with learning, I also got a lot of drill in both theoretical research work and implementation, thus laying a sound foundation for graduate study.

My academic and co-curricular record has been consistently good. Throughout school as well as now, I have been at or near the top of my class. I have listed some of my achievements, on the attached resume. What I would like to stress most however is the fact that I have been consistent in all academic or co-curricular (and even Extracurricular) tasks that I have undertaken.

My primary interests

I have always loved problems that involve plenty of visualization. At ***, this resulted in an inclination towards Computer Graphics and Computational Geometry, and also Algorithms. These are the subjects that I want to pursue in my graduate study.

I chose the elective Computer Graphics and a graduate level course Algorithms and Complexity this semester, in line with these interests. My B.Tech. Project (home paper), under Dr. yyy, is on Visible Surface Determination (hidden surface removal), a very popular topic in Computational Geometry.

Why Brown University?

It would be a cliché to say that all fields in Computer Science are highly interlinked. I have experienced this myself, since frequently, while working on a problem in one field, I have (through abstraction/ reduction/analogy) landed up looking at another problem, that one would normally put under a different field altogether.

Hence, two criteria that I considered while selecting a university for my Ph.D. were the university must be very strong in Computational Geometry and/or Computer Graphics my primary interests, and it must be fairly good, if not exceptional, in other fields of Computer Science too (especially, algorithms and combinatory).

Brown University more than satisfies these criteria. My B.Tech. Project guide, Dr. yyy also strongly recommended it. An added attraction is its participation in the Science and Technology Center for Computer Graphics and Scientific Visualization.

There is one more and the most compelling reason. In my B.Tech. Project, my guide and I are concentrating on developing better methods for the moving/ multiple viewpoint case of hidden surface removal. The preliminary ideas that have emerged out of this effort use a result on Dynamic planar point location by Prof. yyy. The line sweep technique is the other major component in these ideas, and it was from Prof. Yyy book on Computational Geometry, that I first learnt it. The fact that both are from Brown University convinced me that Brown University is the natural choice in realizing my graduate goals. Subsequently I corresponded with Prof. yyy, and his encouraging reply reinforced my decision to apply to Brown.

It would be a pleasure to continue my current research focus at Brown under their supervision. At the same time, I am sure that many other problems, which the Brown CS department is currently focusing on, would be equally interesting to work on.

What I plan to do at Brown

I plan to carry on advanced study of Computer Graphics and Computational Geometry, as well as related fields (e.g. algorithms); not only through coursework but also by {participating in one of the several ongoing projects}. This will also give me the opportunity to contribute my bit to the understanding of the fields, which interest me so much.

I am keen that the output of my PhD (and in fact any PhD) be well worth the time and effort spent on it. For the reasons mentioned above, I am sure that Brown University Will provides me the right environment for this.

Financial Aid

I would be fully dependent on aid to finance my graduate studies. If I were granted an assistantship, then given my long-term goals, a research assistantship would be an ideal experience for me. I also have some experience as a teaching assistant. Not only have I enjoyed it, but the students have also appreciated it. This makes me confident that I will be a good teacher also.

In conclusion…

I am aware that Brown University expects very high standards from its students. On my part, I can assure you of hard work. I believe that my enthusiasm will enable me to meet those expectations. My consistency in all previous academic and co-curricular activities is what gives me confidence when I say this.

Eagerly looking forward to a long and mutually profitable association with the Computer Science Department of Brown University.

STATEMENT OF PURPOSE 9

My early fascination for computers (since high school), combined with a strong liking for analytical subjects inspired me to seek admission to one of the best and most competitive Computer Science undergraduate programs in India — the B.Tech program in ***. I was successful in this endeavor, being ranked 113th among around 100,000 students in the entrance exams to the ***. In ***, a very strong curriculum, introduced me to a wide range of subjects in Computer Science, with a strong emphasis on theoretical fundamentals. I have always believed that a subject is understood better when one actually sees an abstract theory being realized by a practical system. The various demanding laboratory courses and projects in the B.Tech program at *** have provided me with a better understanding of Computer Science. This belief has led to my growing interest in computer systems, and I have consistently performed well in my laboratory courses. I have also, as part of a campus wide systems support group, been involved in compiling and installing various software and systems.

Given these practical interests, my theoretical background, my aptitude and academic potential for graduate study (indicated by my GRE General score of (V 700, Q 790, A 780) and Computer Science Subject score in the 98th percentile), I feel that pursuing a PhDDegree in Computer Science is a step in the right direction towards my long-term career goals.

Thirty years from now, I want to be able to look back at the accomplishments of my life and feel a sense of satisfaction. Satisfaction, because my work made a significant impact in my field. And if I can achieve this goal I will consider my career a success. Over the past four years, I have become absolutely convinced that the path towards this goal will involve leveraging my current skills and abilities to make significant contributions to improve the understanding of systems and concepts in the field of Computer Science. Six or seven years from now, I see myself as part of a leading research group, contributing my bit to the field of Computer Science. A PhD in Computer Science is therefore a natural first step towards this goal.

I plan to work towards a PhD in the field of {Distributed Systems and Networking}. I have become interested in this area during the course of my undergraduate studies at *** through a series of research and project experiences.

In my junior year, I presented a home paper on “Wormhole Routing in Interconnection Networks.” Currently, I am in the midst of my yearlong B.Tech thesis, titled “Distribution Strategies for the Satisfiability Problem,” guided by Prof. yyy (PhD, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign). For this thesis, I am writing a distributed solution for the satisfiability problem, on a network of workstations. My work will involve studying various distributed computing techniques and writing a distributed version of existing sequential solutions to satisfiability. Moreover, this Semester I have undertaken as an Operating Systems course project, a study of implementation issues in “Group Communication in the {Amoeba} Distributed Operating System” and will be crediting a Postgraduate elective — “Foundations of Parallel Computation” in my final (next) semester.

In my opinion, the effective communication of ideas is an important part of any research career. During my undergraduate years in ***, I have been fortunate to have some experience in teaching basic Computer Science. In my junior year, I was a teaching assistant for an institute level introductory course in programming, “CS 101: Computer Programming and Utilization,” for freshmen. The work involved conducting tutorials, grading assignments, and providing assistance during practical sessions.

In my junior and senior years, I have been the Technical Coordinator, and subsequently General Secretary of the Computer Science and Engineering Association, ****. In this capacity, I have been actively involved in planning, organizing and lecturing at; various workshops on UNIX aimed at both technical and lay audiences. These experiences have been extremely rewarding, and I am sure they will help me in any teaching duties as a graduate student, and later on in my career.

I am confident that my strong motivation, my undergraduate experiences and my analytical aptitude will help me to measure up to the rigors of graduate study. I am looking forward to make my contributions to the research going on at Dartmouth.

STATEMENT OF PURPOSE 10

In this era of information technology I feel a sense of pride in being so closely associated with the field of computer science. The desire to forge ahead in this field by doing cutting edge research has motivated me to pursue graduate studies.

Academic Background

I hail from a small industrial town where education is given a very high priority. My father is an educator himself. This background inculcated in me a deep inclination for academics from the very beginning. The subjects that attracted me most were Mathematics and Physics. In order to pursue a career in science and engineering, I appeared for the Joint Entrance Examination for admission to ****. Securing an {All India Rank of $162$} amongst $100,000$ candidates ($99.8$ percentile), I joined ****, one of the best institutes for engineering education in India. The growing involvement of computers in various fields of science and technology encouraged me to choose computer science as my branch of study in undergraduate studies.

Undergraduate Studies

After coming to ****, I was introduced to the true expanse of computer science. The core courses gave me an in–depth knowledge in each field. The lab courses and projects gave me the programming skills (for details of the projects please refer resume). Most of these projects were done in groups of two to four students. This gave me the opportunity to learn to work in a group — both as a leader or otherwise.

Areas of Interest

My main objective during my undergraduate studies was to get an overview of various fields in computer science and identify a field of interest in which I could pursue my research career. Because of their vast applications, computer systems, in general, have attracted me. In particular, I am interested in databases, distributed systems and parallel processing. My junior thesis was on (database mining}, which I completed under the guidance of Dr. yyy am currently doing work in {parallelizing compilers} as part of my Senior thesis under Dr. S. Biswas. I have also registered for a course on “models of parallel computation”, intended to deal with fundamentals of parallel algorithms and parallel architectures, in the forthcoming semester.

Career Objectives

Within a decade or so, I visualize myself as a full-fledged research professional in an organization or a faculty member at one of the leading Universities. I see PhD as a first step in achieving this career objective. I am willing to do MS as an intermediate step.

Strengths

There are a few things whose value I realized during my undergraduate studies and now I strongly believe in them. These are {hard work} — Necessity to produce results,

(discipline} — Necessity to finish task before deadlines and {persistence} — Necessity to sail through unproductive periods. My attempt throughout has been to inculcate these qualities in myself in which, I believe, I have been fairly successful.

Weaknesses

A major weakness of mine has been my speed. I always try to attack a problem in depth, which invariably requires some amount of time. As a result, I have not been able to perform very well in “three hour” exams. This weakness has been reflected in my grades. However, given sufficient time I have always been able to show good results, reflected by the good grades (AA or AB) in lab courses involving projects.

Reasons for selecting Ohio State University

My advisors recommended me of your university on the basis of faculty interests and the research work currently in progress. After going through the brochure, I realized that there also exists a vast gamut of opportunities, especially excellent computing facilities, in your department. In addition, from the communication I had with Dr yyy, I have to come to conclusion that the graduate program at your department would suit my interests extremely well.

Conclusion

I am fully aware that a research career requires a constant, well—directed and whole–hearted effort. I am confident that I would meet all the above demands. Hence I appeal to the Graduate Admissions Committee to consider me for admission, and financial aid.

STATEMENT OF PURPOSE 11

STATEMENT OF PURPOSE 11

I am a final year student of the four year Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech.) program in Computer Science & Engineering at the ****, one of the nation’s premier institutes. My long-term career objective is to pursue a research career, either as a faculty in a university or a researcher in Industry and Graduate Study at your department would be the first step towards this Goal.

Since childhood I have had a strong inclination towards science. My excellent performance in academics inspired me to take up science as a career. I therefore, took the Joint Entrance Examination for admission to the **** and qualified in the top 0.12% of about 150,000 who took the test.

The excellent course structure coupled with high academic standard further stimulated my interest in scientific pursuit. My approach towards courses was to grasp the basic concepts so as to develop a ‘feel’ for the subject. My grades reflect my attitude towards courses. As a part of curriculum I actively participated in many innovative projects. As a result I have developed a keen interest and have a sufficient aptitude for research and therefore I believe that I shall be capable of meeting the best standards in research.

Interest

Over the past two years in the Computer Science department, I have developed a keen interest in Programming Languages and Distributed & Parallel Systems. I have taken many courses related to this field and have done consistently well in them. Courses such as Programming Languages, Language Processors (Compilers), Operating Systems have given me considerable exposure to this field. I am taking a Graduate level Course on Parallel Algorithms next semester.

Currently I am involved in my B.Tech. Project on “Program Restructuring for GENSAT” under the guidance of Dr. yyy. Details of the project are given in my resume. Presently I am implementing an algorithm by Zahira Ammargulleat. I have proposed a few changes in her algorithm and have proved that the new algorithm would do better than the one proposed by her, in all the cases.

A good deal of teaching experience, as seen in my resume, makes me confident of my ability to communicate as a teacher.

University

Computer Science at UIUC is one of the best programs to pursue research in the field of

Systems. From the information brochure, web pages and as advised by my guide, Dr. Dhamdhere, I have gathered that a considerable amount of research is being done in Systems in UIUC. A number of renowned faculty members of UIUC are working on the research frontiers of computer science. It would be my privilege to work with such renowned researchers, and contribute something useful to Computer Science.

Conclusion

I look forward to join UIUC as a Graduate student at your esteemed department.

STATEMENT OF PURPOSE 12

My aspiration to work at the frontiers of scientific research leads me to apply to your university. I believe that a comprehensive knowledge and a good grasp of fundamentals are essential for such a career. I feel that Graduate studies in Computer Science in a good University like yours will help me realize this objective. Therefore I am seeking admission to the Ph.D. Program at Harvard with a specialization in Computer Science. I have compelling reasons to believe that I will be extremely successful both as a Graduate student and later as a researcher.

As a first step towards obtaining a Ph.D., I am seeking admission to the Master’s program at Harvard University with a specialization in Computer Science. I would prefer doing a direct Ph.D., if it is possible.

My superlative performance in school fetched me a number of awards at the national level. I was awarded the prestigious National Talent Search Scholarship in class ten and was in the top twenty-five in the National Standard Examination in Physics in my twelfth. I had developed a keen interest in science and decided to choose it as my career. I therefore, took the Joint Entrance Examination for admission to the five ****, which are considered the best academic centers for science and Engineering in India and qualified in the top 0.3% of those who took the test.

I have always adopted a rigorous approach in order to attain an in-depth understanding of the subject at hand. This has given me a broad conceptual basis, which, I believe, is essential for my research career. My grades in the basic courses reflect my quest for fundamentals. My overall grades in my undergraduate studies have been good, but not excellent. This again reflects my approach to courses more as an introduction to concepts that need further independent study by the student, rather than as a run-up to a semester-end examination.

Over the past two years in Computer Science I have developed a special interest in Programming Languages and Distributed Parallel Systems. I have been involved in research in these areas and have consistently obtained good grades in the related courses. In Spring’ 95, I will be taking two Graduate level courses in these fields namely `Distributed Databases’ and `Advanced Compilers’. I have written an article on “Distributed File Systems’’ with Prof. yyy, which appeared in the September 1994 issue of {bf CSI (Computer Society of India) Communications}. In this article the basic concepts underlying the design and implementation aspects were discussed and contemporary systems like Locus, Andrew and Unix United were surveyed in detail.

I am currently working on Register Allocation Algorithms for my B.Tech thesis under the guidance of Prof. yyy. In my project we have introduced a technique of live range confinement, which adapts the live range of a data item to the availability of register. Instead of splitting a live range like in a Chow-Hennessy allocator we are implementing the confinement technique. Half way through the project we have already sent part of our work for the ACM SIGPLAN’95 Conference on Programming Language Design and Implementation sponsored by the Special Interest Group on Programming Languages, Association for Computing Machinery.

I had also presented a course paper on language Linda, which consists of operators that embody tuple space, model for Parallel programming %and involves Distributed Data Structures.

I have a reason also to be confident of my abilities as a teacher. As part of a nation wide teaching program, I have taught school children subjects like Physics, Mathematics and English for four semesters (three hours per week). This was an interesting experience, which I feel would stand in good stead in the future.

I take immense pleasure in learning new concepts. This inquisitive nature of mine along-with a desire to realize my full potential drives me to pursue research. I am aware that research calls for complete dedication and commitment. I consider myself to be mature, perceptive, persistent and open to criticism % qualities, which I believe are essential for group research.

By working under the guidance of distinguished professors like Prof yyy, whose interests match closely with mine, I am confident of making an original contribution to the field of Computer Science.

I have studied in one of the best institutes of our country and feel the need to expose myself to research in United States, which is currently a world leader in Computer science. I have chosen to pursue Graduate studies at Harvard University because the facilities at Harvard seem to foster a healthy research environment as I could gather from the brochure of your department. I believe that I possess the motivation, the intellectual ability, and the preparation to set out on this exhilarating and arduous path, to do justice to a demanding Graduate program and to make significant contributions to the ongoing work at your University. I have chosen to pursue graduate studies at University of Maryland because by working under the guidance of distinguished professors like Prof, whose interests match closely with mine, I am %confident of making an original contribution to the field of Computer %Science. I believe that I possess the motivation, the intellectual %ability, and the preparation to set out on this exhilarating and %arduous path, to do justice to a demanding Graduate program and to make %significant contributions to the ongoing work at your University.

I look forward to joining Harvard University as a Graduate student at your esteemed department.

STATEMENT OF PURPOSE 13

My decision to apply for a Ph.D. program at University of Utah is driven by my aspirations to pursue a research career in the field of Computer Science. This field interests me because of its formal and rigorous mathematical nature and it’s wide-ranging

applications. I believe that a strong and thorough background as well as complete awareness of recent developments is essential for an intellectually stimulating and satisfying research career. Towards realizing this objective at an esteemed department such as yours, I am applying to your university. An objective analysis of my background, interests, strengths and weaknesses lead me to believe that I will be successful both as a Ph.D. candidate and later as a researcher in an academic milieu.

Academics have always been my stronghold. My inquisitive nature and a strong desire to ingrain the fundamental principles as well as techniques of any subject of study have enabled me to achieve an excellent academic record. More importantly, it has inculcated in me the methodology of scientific inquiry as reflected in my rigorous and analytic approach to problem solving. This is further evident from my performance at higher-secondary school level and at ****. The excellent course structure at **** has given me a sound and broad conceptual basis, which, I believe, is essential for a research career. Through many projects I have undertaken in a stimulating academic environment at **** where learning and research go hand-in-hand, I have found that I have a deep interest in research work, a strong motivation and an aptitude for the type of problem solving it involves.

Over the past two years at ****, I have cultivated a keen interest in the field of Asynchronous Circuits, Formal Design Methods in VLSI. I have furthered my knowledge in this field by reading various related articles and am actively involved in research in this area. I have also opted for a graduate level course IC Design Technology in Spring 96. I am currently working on Asynchronous Communication between Synchronous Finite State Machines for my B.Tech. Thesis under the guidance of Prof. yyy. I am working towards implementing communication primitives such as rendezvous, probe etc. at gate level in VLSI circuits. I am investigating different interconnect design methodologies which can be implemented as delay-insensitive asynchronous circuits. In the first stage of this work, we have proposed a new protocol to implement asynchronous rendezvous communication and a method to implement this protocol using asynchronous circuits. I firmly believe that this project is a sufficient demonstration of my ability to conduct original and independent research.

I have strong reasons to believe that I possess the temperament for teaching, a good power of speech and a thorough and extensive knowledge of my field: traits required for a successful teaching career. I have worked as a teaching assistant in a Nation-wide teaching program for two years. I have also been lecturer and tutor for three UNIX workshops conducted by CSEA, **** which were attended by more than 250 people every time. This experience developed and honed my skills of organizing and communicating my thoughts in front of a responsive and critical audience.

I have always attempted to gain insight into the problem at hand and tackle it from different angles. I am well aware that a career in research calls for personal commitment and personal sacrifice of time, leisure and immediate reward. However, my desire to realize my full potential and to make an original contribution to the field of Computer Science drive me to pursue a research career, which, I believe, will give me intellectual satisfaction, gratification of becoming a contributor to knowledge and personal rewards of learning and discovery. I not only possess the intellectual ability, sound preparation and the strong motivation for research but also consider myself mature, friendly to work with and open to criticism: qualities essential for group research.

I believe that a symbiotic relationship between the student and his department is of utmost importance for a successful graduate program. Considering the pioneering work going on at your department in the field of my interest, your department is an ideal choice for an exciting research career. At the same time, I am confident of contributing originally to the ongoing work at your department. By working under the guidance of distinguished faculty at your department, I am sure; I will be able to exploit my potential to the fullest.

Keeping this in mind, I look forward to joining University of Utah.

STATEMENT OF PURPOSE 14

I am applying to Massachusetts Institute of Technology for admission to the Ph.D. program in Computer Science. I am especially interested in Theoretical Computer Science including the design and analysis of algorithms like Approximation algorithms, Randomized algorithms, Parallel Algorithms and Complexity Theory and Combinatory.

I have a strong background in Mathematics. I was placed in the merit list in Mathematics in school and high school and secured the 1st position amongst 100,000 candidates in the all India Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) for the ****. My first exposure to computers came via programming in high school and I found it so stimulating that I decided to pursue a career in Computer Science.

At the ****, the excellent facility, faculty and the wide spectrum of courses have given me an excellent command on the fundamentals of Computer Science. I have always been fascinated by abstract Mathematics and I have found.

Theoretical Computer Science just the right blends of abstract Mathematics and concrete Computer Science. My interest in this field has kept on growing with courses like Discrete Structures, Data Structures and Algorithms and Theory of Computation which have been my favorites.

My B. Tech. Seminar (Junior Thesis) included a literature survey on Topological Graph Theory \/ and my B. Tech. Project (Senior Thesis) is on Combinatory and Algorithms/in which I am attempting to obtain better solutions to various problems like constructing minimal fault tolerant circuits and approximation algorithms to construct maximal planar sub graph. This has given me experience in mastering abstract Mathematical concepts as well as in designing good algorithms for simply expressed practical problems. My skills and interest in this field have been further improved upon by courses such as Design and Analysis of Algorithms and Geometric Algorithms in which I have been exposed to randomized algorithms for problems in computational geometry. To further improve my command in this field, I have taken Foundations of Parallel Computation and Information Theory and Coding for the coming semester. I am also attending a lecture series on the $P$ vs. $NC$ problem.

I strongly feel that Algorithms and Complexity theory are the core subjects in Computer Science and problems in all fields can be handled using these techniques. This area also has a large potential for research and this is what I envisage myself doing a few years from now, preferably in an academic environment.

I am convinced that I should pursue a career in research and teaching. For me, problem solving is an experience unmatched by anything else. It would give me immense pleasure to be able to contribute something to this subject. My limited teaching experience as tutor in an introductory undergraduate programming course has been very positive and I would love to be able to teach my favorite subjects and thus get a better understanding of these fields myself.

I have heard a lot from **** alumni and faculty about the excellent faculty in Theoretical Computer Science, the research done in this field and the performance of the students who have graduated from MIT. I am sure that the stimulating academic environment and interaction with the distinguished faculty will prove immensely fruitful and facilitate my development as an individual researcher in my field. I feel that MIT has a lot to offer me, and at the same time, I am confident that I would be able to make a positive contribution to on going research work at MIT.

With these long-term goals in mind, my immediate objective is to work towards a Ph.D. in Computer Science. Having decided that I will engage in a career in research, I am aware of the kind of dedication, resilience and resolve I will have to show over the years. I feel that I am adequately prepared for that, both in having the technical qualifications and the right mind-set for doctoral level research.

I look forward to joining as a graduate student in your department.

STATEMENT OF PURPOSE 15

My goals

I am applying to the University of California, Santa Barbara for admission to the Ph.D. program in Computer Science. My goal is to pursue a career in research, either in industry or in academia. Ten years from now, I envisage myself as a full-fledged research professional in an organization, or a faculty member at one of the leading universities. A Ph.D. is an important first step in achieving this objective.

My background

Though I was exposed to some aspects of Computer Science in my last two years of school, a comprehensive foundation in all the fields of Computer Science began after I entered ****. The Computer Science department at **** is indisputably among the best in the country. Its excellent courses, faculty and learning environment have given me a firm grounding in all the fields of Computer Science.

My academic and co-curricular record has been consistently good. Throughout school as well as now, I have been at or near the top of my class. My class at **** consists of 36 students, chosen from an All India exam involving 100,000 students. I myself was 9th in that exam. I have listed some of my achievements on the attached resume. I am of the opinion that research requires a firm grounding in theory backed up by an in-depth knowledge of systems and implementation. The important courses of Discrete Structures, Data Structures & Algorithms, and Theory of Computation have given me a good knowledge of theory. In addition, I am doing the course Design\Analysis of Algorithms this semester and Parallel Algorithms next semester, in order to further firm up my foundations. My performance in lab courses attests to my knowledge of systems and programming.

My strengths are my consistency, capacity for hard work, and my ability to work in a team. I have been involved in many course projects, which involved a group of students, and I have been the team leader in quite a few of these. I believe that research involves new ideas, as well as consistent effort to back them up, both of which I am capable of.

My primary interests

I prefer research problems to be an ideal mix of theory and practice. The field of {Databases} interests me because of the scope for breaking new ground, as well as the vast applications possible. I believe that {Distributed Databases}, in particular, is an area with a lot of potential. My grounding in this field is solid, which is reflected in my obtaining the best possible grade in both the courses involving Databases, namely, Business Information Systems and Database Management Systems, and in their respective labs too. Currently, I am working on my Senior Thesis under Dr. yyy, in which we are looking at the problem of Garbage Collection in Persistent Object Stores We plan to submit it for publication after running some performance tests, which we are designing. I have included details in my resume.

Why California-Santa Barbara?

Since all fields in Computer Science are highly interlinked, I want to pursue graduate studies at a University that is strong in all fields of Computer Science. I am aware that the department of Computer Science at the University of California, Santa Barbara is one of the best in the world, being particularly strong in Databases (my primary interest). Dr. yyy also recommends it highly. These facts have led me to apply to California-Santa Barbara.

There is one more and the most compelling reason. In the course of my Senior Thesis, I have come across related work by Dr. yyy. His work has interested me immensely, and I would like to participate in some of the projects he is undertaking. Subsequently I corresponded with Dr. yyy, and his encouraging reply and description of the work at the department reinforced my decision to apply.

Financial Aid

I would be fully dependent on aid to finance my graduate studies. If I were granted an assistantship, then given my long-term goals, a research assistantship would be an ideal experience for me. I have already mentioned my interest in research. I also have some experience in teaching. I have been a lecturer & demonstrator in student workshops held in various colleges in the region. I was also involved in a nationwide program, which involved teaching school children. The good response to my efforts, coupled with my prowess in dramatics, elocution & debating gives me the confidence to handle any teaching assignment.

My plans if admitted

I plan to carry on advanced study of Databases, as well as related fields e.g. Algorithms, not only through coursework but also by participating in one of the several ongoing projects. This will also give me the opportunity to contribute my bit to the understanding of the fields, which interest me so much. I am aware that the University of California, Santa Barbara expects very high standards from its students. My track record gives me the confidence that I will be able to meet those expectations. I believe that my association with the Computer Science department will be a mutually profitable one.

STATEMENT OF PURPOSE 16

Academic & Career Objectives

My long-term career goals include the pursuit of research in the field of Theoretical Computer Science and teaching in an academic environment. I have found that a career in research is both intellectually stimulating and satisfying and hence I have decided to take this up as my career objective.

Degree Objectives

I want to work towards a Ph.D. in Computer Science in the field of Theoretical Computer Science. My interests include both the design and analysis of Algorithms as well as Computational Complexity Theory.

Reason for Graduate Work

I have always been fascinated by mathematics. As a part of my undergraduate curriculum, I have been exposed to a range of advanced mathematical techniques and I have been especially drawn towards both the analysis of Algorithms and Complexity Theory. These fields have both a strong mathematical flavor as well as the potential for research which is what attracts me towards them.

The fact that these subjects form a unifying feature of all fields in Computer Science and their quest towards achieving the limits of what can and can’t be done, form part of the reasons for my fascination in them.

An undergraduate degree is merely an exposure to the various fields in any branch of higher education. I feel that my undergraduate curriculum has given me a sufficient enough exposure to all the various possibilities for research that are possible and I have chosen the one for which I have both an aptitude as well as a liking that I both have an aptitude for as well as a liking.

In order to pursue an active career in research, it is necessary to both study and understand the finer nuances of any subject. I believe that Graduate Studies will not only provide me with advanced knowledge about the field but also prepare me to be a good

researcher. It is precisely this reason, which prompts me to take up Graduate Studies as the next step towards my career objectives.

As an initial step towards achieving my goal, as part of my undergraduate studies, I have chosen my electives so as to enhance my understanding of these subjects. These include such subjects as Design & Analysis of Algorithms, Combinatory and Abstract Algebra I. I have also audited (taken as non-credit) a Graduate level course Algorithms & Complexity. I have attended an Advanced Mathematics Training Program in summer ‘93 so as to enhance my mathematical abilities.

Why have I chosen Stanford

I have chosen Stanford as the place at which I would like to pursue a doctoral degree because I find that the graduate program is fully suited to my needs and that it possesses a strong faculty in the field of Theoretical Computer Science.

I have also consulted the professors in my university who are working in the field of Algorithms and Complexity Theory and they have strongly recommended the research work in these fields at Stanford.

Hence, I have applied to Stanford so as to fulfill both my academic as well as my career objectives.

STATEMENT OF PURPOSE 17

My goals:

After considering my aptitude and the type of work that I like to do, I am convinced that I want to take up a research career in Computer Science. Since a good research career can only be built on the firm foundation of good education, my immediate objective is to pursue a Ph.D. in Computer Science.

My background and my primary interests:

I have always had an excellent academic record. I was awarded scholarships at the National level in the 10th and 12th standards. Later, I secured the 151st rank among 100,000 candidates (99.8 percentile) in the All India Joint Entrance Examination for admission to the ****. Due to my keen interest in Mathematics and fascination for computers, I chose Computer Science and Engineering as my major field. The excellent facilities, courses and faculty at *** have given me a lot of drill in both theoretical as well as implementation aspects of computer science. I believe that this combined with the mathematics courses that I have taken forms a sound foundation for graduate study.

During the course of the B.Tech. Program, I have developed a keen interest in Systems. My experience in Systems includes, besides the courses listed in the sheet titled Computer Science Background, a number of projects such as a project on Linux NFS, an implementation of extendible hashing for a toy DBMS and an implementation of a Compiler for a subset of Pascal. As far as research experience goes, I am working on my B.Tech. Project (Senior Thesis) titled `Surface Design for 3-D Graphics’, under the guidance of Prof. yyy and Prof. yyy. I have included a brief summary of all these projects separately. I shall also be doing a course in Parallel Computing under Prof. yy All these courses and projects give me a firm foundation in Systems and I intend to build upon this foundation in my graduate studies.

Other activities:

I have been actively involved in various co-curricular and extra-curricular activities. I have regularly participated in Elocution and Dramatics competitions and have won prizes. I am also a member of the IEEE and the IEEE Computer Society.

Teaching experience:

I have some experience as a teaching and laboratory assistant for an institute level course for the first year undergraduates. Not only did I enjoy it, but the students also appreciated it. This gives me confidence that I will be a good teacher as well.

Why UCSD?

I believe that in order to be a successful researcher, one must not only be a master of one’s field, but also have a feel of other related fields. Hence, I want to pursue graduate studies at a university, which has an excellent program in Systems and is also good in other fields of computer science. UCSD satisfies these criteria perfectly. I am sure that working in such an excellent setup will give me valuable research experience and enable me to produce an excellent output in my Ph.D.

In conclusion:

I am aware that UCSD expects very high standards from its students. On my part, I can assure you of sincerity and hard work. I am confident that my enthusiasm will enable me to meet your expectations.

Eagerly looking forward to joining the University of California

STATEMENT OF PURPOSE 18

My schooling and three and a half years of undergraduate studies in EE at the **** have made the choice of further study, for me, an obvious one. This should be attributed in part to the values that have been inculcated in me during my formative years in an educated middle class family background.

Beginning with a passing interest in EE, these years of in depth study have convinced me that my future lies in microelectronics. The challenges and possibilities for research in device, analog and digital circuit, and VLSI circuit design fascinate me. This I believe has come about through a sequentially structured introduction to this field through the courses:

Modern Physics,

Electronic Devices,

Analog Circuits,

Digital Circuits,

Integrated Circuit Design and Technology.

In addition, I have worked on a number of related projects. I have worked on MOS capacitor characterization under Prof. yyy using a quasi-static approach. My B.Tech seminar (home paper) dealt with Monte Carlo simulations of small Si MOSFETs. My guide was Prof. yyy of the EE Dept. of ****. I have undergone eight weeks of practical training in a Dept. of Electronics lab where I studied the theoretical and practical aspects of active and passive coupling of edge emitting semiconductor lasers to optical fibers. An LD-SM optical fiber module was made and experiments were carried out. In my senior year I presented a seminar on Noise in Semiconductor Devices under the Microelectronics Seminar Series at ****. My senior year B.Tech project (senior thesis) involves design of ultra low noise analog circuits. The final goal of the project is to design, with intent to fabricate, an ultra low noise integrated circuit operational amplifier. My B.Tech project work is progressing under the guidance of Prof. yyy of the EE Dept. of ***. I can quite confidently say that my abilities in circuit visualization, analysis, and design are unparalleled in my department. In the process of pursuing my interests in EE, my academic performance has been outstanding. I have been consistently ranked 2nd in EE out of 64 students, and 8th in *** out of 325 students. I was included in the director’s academic honor list for the academic years

1991-1992

1992-1993

My academic pursuits have not however, prevented from participating with interest in various extracurricular activities. I have taken part in various literary activities. I am a regular participant in elocution competitions and debating society meetings and have been the editor of the hostel magazine. These activities have led to the development of a multifaceted personality and have equipped me with strong interpersonal skills. This helps me to lead, as well as follow the leader when working as a team.

From where I stand now, I see myself engaged, in the long term, in a career devoted to active research in microelectronics. It is with this objective in mind that I want to pursue an M.S. at Stanford University. My ultimate degree objective would however be a Ph.D. In choosing Stanford University as the University of my Choice, I’ve looked carefully at the faculty and the available infrastructure.

The essence of university education lies in the success of the symbiotic relationship between the student, and his department. With your repute in the field of my choice, you do have a lot to offer me, and at the same time, I am confident of contributing meaningfully to the research endeavors at your University. It is with this in mind that I am looking forward to a long and rewarding relationship with you.

STATEMENT OF PURPOSE 19

Introduction:

As we near the end of the twentieth century we can see the ever-growing need for computer technology. Over the centuries man has always wanted to compute, and process information as quickly as possible. He has also wanted to communicate with his fellow human beings who are widely distributed over this vast world. No one thirty years ago would ever dream of computers being used as they are in the information superhighway, rather than for scientific computing. The sudden boom in the use of computers today, is evident by the visible 70% increase in the number of hosts on the Internet yearly. Man has needed computers not only to control the forces of nature, but also those of distance, and time.

Ever since I was a child I have been interested in mathematics, and have always stood first in my class in it. When my teenage years came along, I decided that I would pursue a career in mathematics and science. It was with this hope that I studied very diligently for the entrance exam. My hard work paid off, and I joined **** for a Bachelor’s degree in computer science and Engg. During my stay at ****, I was introduced to computers in my very first month. It was an extremely exciting experience because it was the first time I had used a computer, since the use of computers in our country, is only restricted for those who are financially well off.

My Work:

At ****, I was introduced to various new concepts in computer science. The very first courses of Discrete Structures, and Data structures, aroused my interest immediately. I started also getting interested in Databases, Computer Architecture, and Compilers. I did my Bachelor’s seminar project “Building Applications using the Object Oriented Paradigm” under the guidance of Prof. yyy. It mainly consisted of studying the Object-Oriented Paradigm, and Object-Oriented Databases. I studied how to build Object-Oriented Applications above relational databases, which came in use during my short job with Burroughs Welcome, pharmaceuticals, in building engineering inventory system for them. I also studied how objects are stored, and indexed in Object-Oriented Databases.

My Bachelor of Tech. project consists of parallelizing sequential code and running independent sections of code in parallel. For doing this I have been studying data dependence issues. During the course of my work I got particularly interested in Exact Array Dependence. I have read a lot of papers related to the field. Prof. yyy is my guide on this project.

My Purpose

My vocation has always been to work towards new frontiers of technology, and always work with the purpose of getting the best result. Over the last few years during my stay at ****, I have become motivated towards pursuing a career in research. Research has interested me, because one is always working on something new, that no one else has worked on, and one can always pursue one’s own interest to the fullest. Research provides one with new challenges daily, which one won’t come across in other jobs. I strongly believe in both the theoretical aspects of research as well as their applications. I consider the latter to be as important and relevant as the former. I am extremely interested in pursuing a MS/PHD at your university. I am primarily interested in Databases, Parallel systems and graphics.

In fact, ten years from now, I envisage myself as a full-fledged research professional in an organization or a faculty member at one of the leading universities. In order to fulfill this aim of mine, I seek to enroll for a MS/PHD in computer science at your University. Through the department brochure I realize that a vast gamut of opportunities exist in your department. Hence I am keen in joining your program, and furthering your research.

My Good and Bad Points:

I strongly believe in maintaining ethical integrity in all my endeavors. The maintenance of strong Christian values is of utmost importance in my work. I am also a very friendly person to work with. My bad qualities include having a bad memory and being absent minded. I would like to end by saying that that I am fully aware that a career in research and academics requires a high level of intelligence, unwavering dedication and a lot of sacrifice. I am confident that I would meet all the above demands, and hence I appeal to the Graduate Admissions Committee to consider me for admission, and financial aid.

STATEMENT OF PURPOSE 20

I am a final year student of the B. Tech. Program in Computer Science and Engineering at the ****.

My undergraduate preparation here has given me a very substantial knowledge of the basic areas of Computer Science. I have always strived to develop a clear understanding of the basic concepts and acquire an insight into the Science of Computing. Any amount of learning in Computer Science would be incomplete without hands on experience of Programming. In this regard I have completed various projects, both as part of my courses and out my own interest also.

Of the many fields in the Computer Science spectrum, I have developed a keen interest in Declarative Programming Languages, Computer Graphics, Computational Geometry and Design and Analysis of Algorithms.

I have excelled in academics at every step in my education. In my 12 years of schooling I always ranked first/second in the class. In the entrance examination for the ****, I stood 17th among 80,000 students. I have consistently done well throughout my undergraduate studies also. My GPA is 8.38/10.00 after the end of seventh semester.

The urge to obtain an in-depth understanding and specialized knowledge in my areas of interest, has made me opt for Graduate studies. I would like to follow up my graduate studies by taking up a research-oriented post in either academia or research laboratories so that I can contribute my own bit to the ever-increasing knowledge in these areas.

I believe that working towards a Ph.D best does the initiation of the process of original contribution. I view the master’s degree as an intermediate step in achieving this goal. Hence, I would like to take up an M.S. culminating in a Ph.D. as my immediate goal.

From the information about current faculty research, which I obtained from the application brochure, I find that pioneering research work is being done in declarative languages and related architectures at the Arizona State University. Being part of such an excellent research team will be a big step in achieving my long-term goals. The highly competitive and intellectually stimulating atmosphere at the Arizona State University will bring out the best in me. This prompts me to apply for graduate studies at your university.

Keeping in view my background and career plans, I would prefer a research assistantship but I would also like to have teaching experience. I have studied in English medium through out and have had teaching experience here in **** also, which makes me confident that I would be a successful teaching assistant.

In conclusion, I would say that I am very keen and enthusiastic about joining your university. I am aware of the hard work and perseverance necessary for research work but

I am sure that I will be able to justify to the fullest the confidence reposed in me.

STATEMENT OF PURPOSE 21

I am a senior year student in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering at the ****, one of the most renowned institutes for undergraduate studies in India. My decision to pursue graduate studies has been motivated by my eventual objective of meaningful research in the field of {bf Computer Networks} and {bf Communications}. I firmly believe that I possess the requisite background and aptitude for pursuing active research in this field at your University.

A strong desire to ingrain the fundamental principles of any subject of study has enabled me to adopt a rigorous and analytical approach to problem solving. More importantly, it has inculcated in me the methodology of scientific inquiry. Throughout schooling I maintained the first position in my class. In consonance with my interests, I worked towards obtaining admission to the *** and secured a rank of 92 among 85,000 candidates who appeared in the entrance examination. Computer Science and Engineering was a natural choice for my undergraduate studies in light of my fascination for computers.

My interest in research has burgeoned during the course of my undergraduate studies at ****. My major field of interest is computer networks and telecommunications. At present I am working on my senior year B. Tech. Project on Fast Packet Switching in ATM Networks under the guidance of Dr. yyy. It involves the design of a non-blocking Disjoint Path Packet Switch and the analysis of its performance in terms of the throughput; delay; packet loss rate, hardware complexity and the ease of grow ability. The proposed switch combines the delay throughput performance of $N^{2}$ disjoint path switches and the multicasting performance of Shared Medium switches in a single architecture. The attempt is to reduce the hardware cost of implementing the switch without compromising on any of the performance characteristics of an ideal packet switch. To consolidate my knowledge in this field I had also taken an elective course titled Introduction to Computer Networks last semester in which I got the highest grade in the class.

Apart from delving deep into the field of Computer Networks, I have tried to broaden my perspectives in other fields of Computer Science as well. In my junior year I presented a Seminar on Anti-aliasing in Computer Graphics under the guidance of Dr. yyy. The seminar involved an exhaustive study of the various anti-aliasing techniques used to overcome the jagged effects arising due to the discrete sampling in a raster graphics system. I also implemented an anti-aliasing software package as part of a project in an elective course on Computer Graphics.

I also have the ability to work in a group project effectively. I had done my industrial training in the Regional Computer Center at Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited and during the course of the summer project I developed a data compression package. The practical experience I gained after working in such a big organization has given me immense confidence in tackling time-bound practical problems.

My undergraduate studies in the invigorating environment of **** has given me substantial knowledge of the basic areas of Computer Science. I believe that I also possess the ability and temperament to function effectively as a Teaching Assistant. I was an assistant for a course on Computer Programming for freshmen and I have helped in organizing two workshops on UNIX and C conducted by our department.

Having been part of an exacting undergraduate program a ****, I have internalized the desire to explore frontline knowledge in my research area. I believe that the Graduate Program at your University will provide me the opportunity to satisfy the same and enable further honing of my technical and analytical skills acquired thus far. I am fully aware of the commitment and perseverance required for research and believes that my aptitude and motivation will see me through the challenge. I am also confident that given an opportunity, I can contribute to the ongoing work in your graduate program in a productive manner. I therefore look forward to joining your University for pursuing higher studies leading to a Master’s/Doctoral degree.

STATEMENT OF PURPOSE 22

My objective in graduate studies is to prepare myself for my long-term goal of a career in research and teaching in Computer Science. The first step in that direction is pursuit of Ph.D. in Computer Science.

Ever since I was in high school, I wanted to be a scientist. Hence I joined ****, where I chose Computer Science as my undergraduate major. The undergraduate program in Computer Science and Engg. in **** is unarguably one of the best in India and the core courses in the undergrad curriculum have helped me get a sound grasp of the fundamentals of almost all aspects of Computer Science, which is reflected by my position in the top five in a class of 33. At ****, I also discovered the intellectual satisfaction of solving difficult problems on my own. In the summer vacation after the first year, I worked for some time with a research scholar in the department of Computer Science and Engg. This work led to a research paper, “Heuristics for Distributed Knowledge-Based Systems”, which was published in 1994. Because of this and my success in the undergraduate courses, I feel that a career in research is suited both to my aptitude and temperament.

My idea of research in graduate studies is a proper balance of theory and practice. i.e. to get theoretical results and to see, as far as possible, the immediate impact of the same through their implementation. I am aware of the tough and arduous nature of this task and willing to take on this challenge. I believe that I have the requisite intellectual ability, motivation and the willingness to sacrifice leisure for work in order to fulfill my objective of scientific research and the attainment of intellectual satisfaction there from. Thus I believe that I will be able to make a meaningful contribution to the research work at Rice University.

The exacting nature of the undergraduate labs in **** has already given me a comprehensive knowledge of systems and systems programming. But I feel that a strong background in theory is essential for a successful career in research in an academic environment. So in order to augment the knowledge of theory, which I got from the core courses, I am trying to learn as much of theory as possible in my undergraduate program. I took two courses on {Algorithms} and one on {Formal Specification and Verification of Programs} for my department electives in the seventh semester and I will be taking a course in {Combinatory} next semester. My credit seminar topic viz. {bf Randomized Algorithms} under the guidance of Prof. Yyy so in theory. Looking at the beautiful results in algorithms, I am sure that I would be exhilarated to get some new exciting results on my own. But implementing the results and proving their practicality would give me greater satisfaction. My one-year B. Tech. Project, under the guidance of Prof yyy, involves the design and implementation of an {bf Optimizer Generator System}. In this, I have to come up with my own idea for implementing inter-procedural may-aliasing.

Currently, my research interests are in Parallelizing and Optimizing compilers and I have worked in both. I am also interested in Algorithms. I am eager to explore some of these in greater depth and make my own contribution, howsoever small, to those fields.

During my preparation for my B. Tech. Project, I read numerous research papers from Rice University. Thus my choice of Rice University for graduate studies is based on a careful examination of the information regarding the faculty members and the research currently going on in your school.

I look forward to joining your department as a graduate student. I am confident that graduate studies in Rice University will prove to be a rewarding task and I shall be able to fulfill my career objectives.

STATEMENT OF PURPOSE 23

I am a final year student of the B. Tech. program in Computer Science and Engineering at the ****.My undergraduate study has given me a sound base in the whole gamut of fields in Computer Science and Engineering. Always strived to develop a clear understanding of the basic concepts and acquire an insight into the Science of Computing.

I have developed a keen interest in Database Management Systems, Real Time Systems, Operating Systems, Object Oriented Systems and related fields. I have excelled in academics at every step in my education. In my 12 years of schooling I always ranked first/ second in the class. I was also ranked FIRST in the Math’s Olympiad at the State level. I was selected in top 1% of the examinees in the Physics talent search examination. In the entrance examination for ****, I stood 47th amongst 80,000 candidates.

I have done well throughout my undergraduate studies and have obtained top grades in the courses related to my areas of interest. This has resulted in my high GPA of 8.92/10.00 by the end of sixth semester.

The urge to obtain an in-depth understanding and specialized knowledge in my areas of interest, has made me opt for Graduate studies. I would like to follow up my graduate studies by taking up a research oriented post in either academia or research laboratories so that I can contribute my own bit to the ever-increasing knowledge in these areas.

I believe that working towards a Ph.D best does the initiation of the process of original contribution. I view the master’s degree as an intermediate step in achieving this goal. Hence, I would like to take up an M.S. culminating in a Ph.D. as my immediate goal.

From my literature survey, I find that the research work in Computer Graphics at Cornell University is state of the art. The additional information I got from my correspondence with Prof. Greenberg and from my brother Rajendra Kolhe who is doing his Ph.D. at your university, have confirmed my belief that Cornell is the college where I want to pursue my Ph.D. The computer graphics program at Cornell is considered to be one of the best programs in the world in this field. Being part of such an excellent research team will be a big step in achieving my long-term goals. The highly competitive and intellectually stimulating atmosphere at Cornell University will bring out the best in me. This prompts me to apply for the program in Computer Graphics at Cornell University.

Keeping in view my background and career plans, I would prefer a research assistantship. This would give me a better opportunity to pursue my interest to the fullest. However, I would also like to have teaching experience for one semester. As I have studied in an English medium throughout and also have the experience of being a course assistant and a lecturer in two workshops, I am confident that I will be a successful teaching assistant.

In conclusion, I would say that I am very keen and enthusiastic about joining your university. I am sure that I will be able to justify to the fullest the confidence reposed in me.

STATEMENT OF PURPOSE 24

I have always cherished a career in research and training in Computer Science. I feel that graduate studies at a good university like yours in pursuit of a PhD would be a step in that direction. I am confident that I will be extremely successful both as a graduate student and later as a researcher and teacher.

Ever since I was in school, I was interested in Mathematics. My success at the Regional Math’s Olympiad and The National Talent Search examinations boosted this interest. I was also introduced to programming in school and was fascinated by computers. With these interests Computer Science was the ideal choice as my undergraduate major.

The Computer Science and Engineering department at **** has a good faculty and a wonderful course structure. It is undoubtedly one of the best in the country. The undergraduate curriculum here exposed me to all the basic areas in Computer Science and I have consistently performed well in all the core courses. I have always adopted a rigorous approach to learning and have tried to grasp the fundamentals of all the subjects. This is amply reflected in my GPA of 9.09 on 10(3.80 on 4) in a highly competitive class and in my position in the top 5% of my batch in the institute.

Over the past one and a half years I have developed an interest in the field of Programming Languages and Systems, especially compilers. I have performed well in the basic systems courses like Language Processors, Programming Languages, Database management systems and Operating systems (please refer the resume). I have also chosen as one of my electives for Spring 96 the course titled Foundations of parallel computation.

I am currently working on my B. Tech thesis – which is in the field of compilers – under the guidance of Prof. yyy. I am involved in the development of GENSAT – a generator for static analysis and transformation programs. We have already incorporated into GENSAT a framework to implement intraprocedural data flow analysis using bit vectors for the representation of data flow properties. I am extending this framework by providing for the usage of sets instead of bit vectors. This will make GENSAT a generic tool for solving monotone dataflow problems. I am also studying various techniques for interprocedural data flow analysis. My aim here is to abstract a framework in which these techniques can be implemented. In this process I will be modifying existing algorithms and possibly finding a new one.

My interests are well supported by my strong theoretical background. In my junior year I presented a home paper on the “Theoretical Consequences of the Ellipsoid Method”. I have audited (taken as non-credit) a Post Graduate course on algorithms titled “Current Topics in Theory and Algorithms” and I have currently taken another elective on the Design and analysis of algorithms. I have also done a course on Geometric Algorithms, which gave me a good exposure to Randomization in algorithms. I am confident that these and the other courses I have done will stand in good stead in any future research I undertake.

I have always loved solving problems. The pleasure obtained from being absorbed in problems over extended periods of time and finally arriving at solutions is immeasurable. Many times I have arrived at solutions that were very different from those of others. This unique bent of mind coupled with a desire to be at the forefront of a budding field drive me to pursue research. I believe myself to be mature, committed.

I have good reason to believe that I will be successful as a teacher. I have received enthusiastic response from my students when I was a course assistant in an undergraduate course titled “Computer Programming and Utilization”. I have also been a lecturer and tutor in two UNIX workshops conducted by our department at the institute level. Further, I believe that teaching a subject gives us greater insight into it.

I have chosen to pursue Graduate studies at New York University because the facilities there seem to foster a healthy research environment as I could gather from the brochure of your department.

I believe that I possess the motivation, the intellectual ability, and the preparation to set out on this exhilarating and arduous path, to do justice to a demanding Graduate program and to make significant contributions to the ongoing work at the Kansas State University.

STATEMENT OF PURPOSE 26

I am a student of Computer Science and Engineering at ****. I wish to pursue a career in research in Computer Science. I would like to embark upon this venture through the Doctoral Program offered by the Department of Computer Science at Rice University.

My deep interest in Computer Science stems from a natural aptitude for logic and mathematics, the “queen of sciences”. I consider Computer Science not just as a field to pursue a research career in, but as a hobby. Throughout my undergraduate study, I have endeavored to gain a broad perspective of Computer Science. My fields of interest range over a wide spectrum of areas; however Programming Languages, Real-Time Systems and Parallel Processing especially fascinate me.

My training at **** has not only equipped me with a strong technical base but has also instilled in me a deep interest in research. During the course of my B.Tech. Curriculum, I have presented a seminar titled {bf “Selected Topics in Advanced Architectures”} under the guidance of Prof. yyy. During the summer of 1994, I had the rare opportunity of working at Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (B.A.R.C.), a forerunner of Parallel Processing in India. The training at B.A.R.C. has demonstrated to me how emerging technology when combined with ingenuity can be employed to solve apparently diverse problems in Physics and Medicine. I am currently working on my B.Tech. Project titled {State chart Simulation Using Binary Decision Diagrams} under the guidance of Dr. yyy. Despite the intense competition at ****, I have been consistent in my performance; with a Cumulative Points Index of (bf 8.83} I stand $9$ in a class of 33 students.

Study in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering at **** has demanded long hours of continuous work, self-motivated efforts and a considerable amount of group activity. It has given me several opportunities to participate in various departmental activities, albeit in a small way. Learning by myself and sharing my knowledge with others has always been of prime importance to me. I have limited Teaching experience from tutoring an elementary course on FORTRAN-77 for students of first year B.Tech. Program. I enjoyed the experience and would like to teach in future too.

I look upon graduate study as an avenue to refine my skills and give a direction to my research career. It would be my first chance to make fundamental contribution to the field in which I undertake research. The excellent research facilities at Rice University and the distinguished faculty are a great source of inspiration to me. The emphasis on multidisciplinary seminars and research projects would definitely encourage me to explore other related areas within the realms of Computer Science.

I hope I fit in with your expectations of a promising graduate student. Admission to the Department of Computer Science at Rice University could well be that golden foundation upon which the entire edifice of my scientific career rests.

STATEMENT OF PURPOSE 27

After carefully considering my aptitude, interests, the nature of my training and my ultimate professional ambition, I have decided to pursue Ph. D. in electrical engineering specializing in the fields of my interest namely- Communications, Signal Processing and Information Theory and Coding, ultimately leading to a career in teaching and research. As a statement of purpose of my graduate study, I describe here my academic background, my research interests and my career goals.

The undergraduate programme at **** is a well-rounded programme. It not only helped me build a solid foundation of Electrical Engineering fundamentals, but also helped me develop an overall perspective of the vast field of Electrical Engineering. In the final year I developed a keen interest in the areas of Communications and Signal Processing. I substantiated my knowledge of these areas by choosing electives on Digital Communications, Communication System Theory (Random Processes in Communications), Digital Signal Processing and Information Theory and Coding.

In the Master of Technology Programme, I specialized in Communications. Taking advantage of a fully flexible course structure, I have chosen electives on Statistical Signal Analysis, Applied Linear Algebra in Electrical Engineering, Theory of Error Correcting Codes, Image Processing and Adaptive Signal Processing. Apart from these, I have taken courses on two special topics in Electrical Engineering namely- Computational Vision and Artificial Neural Networks.

I have striven to perform well in the courses and have tried to gain as much as I could from them. But I feel that the real qualification of a good graduate student is his ability to perform independent research work under the guidance of an advisor. My B.Tech. (Final year) project under Prof. Yyy gave me such an opportunity. In my B. Tech. Project I studied convergence issues in Non-Symmetrical and Higher order Neural Networks. First part of the project has been submitted to IEEE Trans. Neural Networks as a brief paper. It has been accepted after review.

In my M.Tech Programme, I did a mini project on determination of rotation parameters of a lamina from its binary images using moment- invariants of the images. I did an intensive seminar (a survey of literature) on Simulated Annealing Algorithm for Optimization.

My M.Tech. Thesis deals with Information across Boolean Functions. It involves establishing relationship between complexity measures of Boolean Functions and an attempt to study the nature of optimal circuit through restrictions of a Boolean function.

The project work and the course work have further interested me in Communication and Signal Processing and have motivated me to learn more of these areas. Also, the ideas involved in finding fundamental limits on capabilities of information extraction and transmission and the attempts at achieving the limits – which form the core of information theory – have interested me very much. I realize that techniques and the tools used there overlap. Therefore I have taken liberty to quote these broad areas as Research interests. Specifically the areas of my interest are Source Coding/ Data Compression, Information Theory and Coding, Statistical Signal Processing, Digital Communication, Multi-user Communication, optimal filtering and detection and estimation.

I am also interested in the application of Neural Networks to these areas.

The Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at UCSB is a well-known center of excellence. The department faculty consists of leading researchers engaged in frontline research. The research interests of the faculty are extremely compatible with those of mine, a fact underlined by the fact that some of the faculty members are pioneering people in their fields. In particular, I would like to work with the faculty involved with the Center for Information Processing and Research. I shall be glad to be a part of the group and witness and contribute my bit to the leading research being carried out at UCSB.

An opportunity to work in the stimulating environment at UCSB will certainly make the graduate study a rewarding exercise and a satisfying experience. In terms of research facilities also, a university like UCSB has more to offer to a graduate student. I, therefore, look forward to joining UCSB as a graduate student.

As professional goal, I would like to take up a career in research and teaching. From the residential system of ****, I have been able to have a glimpse of the academic life and the sacrifices it involves. I feel that it is this kind of life that I am best suited for. I feel that I have enough motivation to see me through the challenges of the arduous but exhilarating career in research.

I thank Prof. Yyy and Prof. yyy for their advice and valuable information.

STATEMENT OF PURPOSE 28

Long Term Goals

My undergraduate studies in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering at the **** has exposed me to a stimulating academic environment where learning and research go hand-in-hand. Through the many opportunities I have had here, I have found that I have a deep interest in research work and a strong aptitude for the type of problem solving and problem discovery that it involves. I have, therefore decided to pursue active research in Computer Science as a career.

Areas of Interest

Of the many fields in the Computer Science spectrum, I am interested in computer systems. In particular, I am interested in Databases.

Immediate Goals

I plan to work towards a Ph. D. with a focus on Databases. I would also like to follow up my interests in Computer Systems through my course work. I feel that this should be my next step on my road to a research career in Computer Science. I would be most willing to work directly for a Ph.D. if it is possible. However, I would be willing to do M.S. as a first step towards obtaining my Ph.D.

Academic Background

Throughout 12 years of schooling, I had always been among the top ranking students in the class. I was ranked 47th out of 80,000 students (99.94%ile) in the national level entrance examinations to the ****. I was ranked 2nd in the state level entrance examinations for the state engineering colleges. Currently with G.P.A. of 9.00 on scale of 10.00, I am among the top 5% of the students of my batch in the Institute. This high level of consistency in my academic record makes me feel confident enough to hold my own against the very best.

Preparation for Graduate Study

My undergraduate preparation at the Computer Science and Engineering Department of the **** has given me a very substantial knowledge of the basic areas of Computer Science. Any amount of learning in Computer Science would be incomplete without hands on experience of Programming. In this regard I completed various mini projects both out my own interest and also as a part of some of my courses

My senior year dissertation under Dr. yyy (Ph.D. Wisconsin Madison) is titled B+ -Tree Concurrency Control Algorithms in Real-time environment. Operations on B+ -Tree are crucial while maximizing concurrency in a Database System. In real-time environment in which each such operation has associated deadline it is more crucial. There are specialized algorithms for the purpose. As a part of the project, I will be doing performance evaluation of these algorithms. To consolidate my knowledge in my field of interest, I had credited the course Advances in Database Technology in the fall semester. The course involved the study of various classic papers in Databases. I presented a seminar on Main Memory Databases as a part of the course. I am also crediting a course on Distributed Databases in the spring semester. I am also an active member of SIGDB (Special Interest Group in Databases) of the institute, which keeps me fully informed about the latest development in Databases. I have presented some latest papers during its meetings.

Teaching Experience

I was a teaching assistant for the freshets course CS101: Computer Programming and Utilization during Fall 93. I was also an organizer during UNIX workshops and C language workshop conducted by students of our department. This has made me confident that I will prove to be a very good teacher.

Reasons for selecting University of Wisconsin

Your university is considered to be one of the best universities in databases Research. Your faculty has distinguished researchers in the field of databases. I am also familiar with some of the research papers published by them. My guide Dr. yyy, an alumnus of your university has encouraged me to apply here. As a result, I am very enthusiastic about joining your university for graduate Studies.

Summing Up

I am aware of the hard work and perseverance necessary for research work and I know that it is not always as exciting as the published results seem to indicate. Nevertheless, I am sure that my aptitude and drive will see me through the challenge. Looking forward to joining University of Wisconsin at Madison.

STATEMENT OF PURPOSE 29

I was first introduced to computers through the elementary programming courses in my school days. In my high school I took Computer Science as an additional subject. This fascination for computers lead me to the Department of Computer Science and Engineering at the ****, one of India’s foremost educational institutes. The course structure, a good balance of theory and programming laboratories, and excellent faculty introduced me to the stimulating field of research. I got a complete exposure to the core fields of Computer Science and Mathematics. I started to enjoy the problem solving techniques and appreciate the pleasure of success after endless hours of frustrating work. All this has lead me to decide on a career of research and academics.

Ten years from now I envisage myself doing active academic research in a good university. I believe that teaching a subject is the best way of learning the subject. Hence my immediate goal is to enter the Ph. D. program at {Indiana University}. My main fields of interest are Distributed Systems, Real Time Systems and Concurrent Programming Languages}. Presently I am doing my B. Tech project under Dr. yyy on implementation of the Communicating Reactive Processes (CRP) model. In the first stage of the project I have studied the various distributed algorithms for Communicating Sequential Processes implementation and other related fairness issues. An impossibility result regarding the problem has been proved and an algorithm has been proposed. I am planning to shape this into a journal paper.

As part of the Operating Systems course I did a study of the Group Communication protocols in the Amoeba Distributed Operating System. Next semester I am crediting a post-graduate elective—Foundations of Parallel Computation. I am a student member of the IEEE computer society. I am also interested in Computer Architecture and had presented a home paper on the 6811 Motorola microcontroller.

My decision to apply to Indiana University is based on a careful examination of the department brochure, World Wide Web information and talking to my guide Dr. yyy. Indiana has a strong faculty in Programming Language Design. Entering the Ph. D. program here will be ideal for me.

My academic record reflects that I have always been a consistent performer. In school I was always in the top five of the class and in the Secondary Certificate Examination I stood second in my school. I secured 126th rank in the All India Joint Entrance Examination for ****. At the end of my first year I was ranked 10th in the institute. After seven semesters I have a CGPA of 8.83/10.00 and I am in the top ten of my class.

I have been a tutor for a first year introductory course in Computers. This involved guidance of the students in the programming assignments and correction of papers. I enjoyed the experience and would love to teach. I also have been an organizer in UNIX workshops held in our department. I am a hardworking, steady and quiet person. My final aim is to be blissfully involved in Distributed Systems and Programming Languages. I hope I can join {bf Indiana University} and achieve my dream.

STATEMENT OF PURPOSE 30

My objective for graduate studies in Computer Science is to prepare myself for the long-term goal of pursuing a career of teaching and research. I have nurtured a strong passion to become a scientist and pursue research. In the pursuit of Knowledge, I have always adopted a rigorous approach in order to attain an in-depth understanding of the subject at hand. This has amply reflected in my consistently brilliant career, always topping the class and having received numerous national level awards. With a GPA of 9.72, I am ranked first at the **** among nearly 350 students.

I have been involved in research in parallel and distributed computing systems. I studied various problems in distributed systems and distributed databases including deadlock detection and resolution, termination detection, distributed snapshots and consistency. I have been attracted towards the field of correctness of parallel programs. I published a Technical Report reporting errors in two published deadlock detection algorithms and highlight their underlying deficiencies with respect to the distributed nature of computation. I am also involved in the Development of an optimizer generator, which would automate the process of writing optimizers based on the specifications of the optimizations. I am currently engaged in writing a paper on an efficient algorithm for performing global data-flow analysis. The new algorithm that I have developed utilizes the notion of backward information flow to perform propagation using work-lists in an efficient manner. I have been in correspondence with Professor yyy about my algorithm and other aspects of the problem.

I have chosen to pursue graduate studies at Stanford University because by working under the guidance of the distinguished researchers I am confident of making an original contribution in the field of Computer Science. My interest in research has burgeoned during my undergraduate studies at ****. I have excelled in our well-rounded and exacting undergraduate program and have developed a solid background to take up research in Computer Science.

I have decided to go in for graduate studies which calls for a personal commitment to the fulfilling craft of independent research and that involves willingly making personal sacrifices of time, leisure and immediate reward. In turn I shall get intellectual satisfaction and the gratification of becoming a contributor to knowledge through research and the greater personal rewards of learning and discovery. I believe that I possess the motivation, intellectual ability and preparation to set out on this exhilarating and arduous path and to make significant original contributions to your on-going research work.

I look forward to joining Stanford University as a graduate student at your esteemed department.

STATEMENT OF PURPOSE 31

I am in the final year of the four year Bachelor of Technology program of the Computer Science and Engineering program of the ****. My career objectives lie in the pursuance of research and academics in theoretical computer science – especially in mathematical logic, automated theorem proving, program correctness and semantics of programming languages}. I believe that graduate studies leading to a PhD through research work of quality in these fields are a necessary step towards my goal.

The undergraduate courses of the CSE department of **** have given me a comprehensive exposure to all the core fields of computer science and mathematics. Man’s attempts at mathematically modeling objects of study and then using these models to reason, predict, draw new meanings and interpretations have always fascinated me. Hence, in course of my Studies I’ve come to realize that I wish to pursue research and academics in the above-mentioned areas of theoretical computer science. These areas, I believe are rapidly developing and offer great scope to one who is confident of producing fruitful work and coming up with creative ideas.

I have performed reasonably well in my undergraduate courses at ****, but since **** admits only the best students throughout the country, I believe, in view of the competitive atmosphere, that the grades secured should not be considered in an absolute sense.

My interest in theoretical computer science has inspired me to carry out research and implementation in this subject, as can be seen from my attached resume. Simultaneously, I have kept myself abreast with the recent trends in research through literature surveys during projects, related to courses and otherwise. I have availed of every opportunity to learn more about my areas of interest. I have taken have enrolled for a number of relevant courses offered by the computer science, mathematics and humanities departments. My senior thesis (home paper) PROGRAM VERIFICATION USING ALGEBRAIC METHODS has given me a chance to explore these areas in greater depth (details in resume).All these activities have gone a long way towards making my background very strong in my areas of interest.

I have also had a good deal of teaching experience as can be seen from attached certificates. This experience convinced that I have the communication skills and the ability to explain things precisely to become a teacher.

My years at **** have been enlightening ones but I need to constructively build up on what I’ve learned so far. Duke, I think is the ideal learned so far. Duke, I think, is an ideal choice towards this end. My decision was based on a careful examination of the department brochures and information from faculty members and alumni. I have also communicated with Dr.yyy, Director of graduate studies of the Computer Science department.

Duke has a stress on research-oriented study, flexibility and closer Professor-student relationships. I think that having such a sound academic environment at a reputed University such as Duke, with the work of a small group of teachers serving as a model, I will be able to attain my true potential. Specifically I am keen to participate in the ongoing research activity at Duke in the following fields:

Finding efficient proof procedures for first order logic theorem proving.

Reasoning in educational logics Program correctness and program transformation I look forward to making my contributions to the advancement of computer science – starting at Duke.

STATEMENT OF PURPOSE 32

My undergraduate studies in the department of computer Science and Engg at **** have exposed me to a stimulating academic environment where learning and research go together. Through the many opportunities I have had here. I have grown to love research work and have found that I have a strong aptitude for the kind of work that it involves. I have therefore decided to pursue active research as a career. It is with this objective in mind that I wish to enroll for the doctoral program in your university.

I plan to study at the graduate level in the area of distributed computing, specifically the theory of asynchronous systems. I believe that theory and application in Computer Science go hand-in-hand. The study of theoretical aspects of distributed systems is essential for the successful development of applications for heterogeneous and fault-tolerant systems. The possibilities of research in this field fascinate me.

Recent research in the theory of asynchronous computation has yielded theorems describing the computability of tasks in asynchronous systems that can tolerate multiple failures. Attempts are also being made to completely characterize the power of various synchronization primitives in an asynchronous system. As part of my B.Tech project (senior thesis) under Dr. yyy I am currently working on extending these results to stronger synchronization primitives and exploring the possibility of utilizing some of these ideas to completely describe the power of concurrent objects. To further my understanding of these problems I have also enrolled myself for the graduate level course, { Foundations of Parallel Computation} under Dr. yyy.

I have excelled in academics at every step in my education. Throughout twelve years of schooling I have always been ranked among the top of my class. I was introduced to Computer Science in junior college. I was awarded the Merit Certificate for my performance in the All India Senior School Certificate Examination – 100\% in Computer Science, 99\% in Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry. I was also placed seventh in the state wide Physics Talent Test of the Physics Society, Madras. In the highly competitive entrance examination to the *** I was ranked 134th among over 100,000 students. The broad curriculum at **** provided me with a strong foundation in all branches of Computer Science. Of these I have pursued those, which have particularly appealed to me. During the summer of 1994, I worked on a `learning’ program for the gam {Othello} using Neural Nets that I had initially developed as part of my course work. For my seminar (junior thesis) I studied {smart recompilation and incremental parsing techniques} under Dr. yyy. Efficient implementation of these techniques can substantially reduce compilation time in large software systems.

I have also gained considerable teaching experience in ****. I have been a course assistant for the Institute level freshman course, Computer Programming and Utilization for two consecutive years. I have also delivered lectures and given demonstrations on UNIX at various workshops conducted by the Computer Science and Engg. Association. All of these have been well received and have made me confident of developing into a very good teacher. I have also taken the Test for Spoken English in November 1995 . I have worked for two months at ARCUS, Bangalore, and a company that develops VLSI tools and also for Rational, USA at their third party development centre in Bangalore.

My undergraduate program has given me sufficient exposure to various avenues for research and I have chosen Distributed Computing for which I have both an aptitude and a liking. A good graduate program is now essential for gaining a deeper insight and to make significant original contributions to this field. I am confident that I possess the motivation, intellectual ability and preparation to succeed in a demanding graduate program.

My interest in the theory of distributed computing makes UCLA a natural choice for graduate study. Professor yyy is one of the leading researchers in this field and I have studied his work as part of my ongoing thesis and he has encouraged me to apply to your program. Working under an expert whose work can serve as a model will set me on the path to contributing significantly to the ongoing research at UCLA. The research interests of the other faculty members cover a large number of topics in Computer Science and this will enable me to keep in touch with the latest developments in these fields. The excellent facilities offered by your department will provide an environment conducive to successful graduate work. The faculty at **** has also strongly recommended UCLA for pursuing graduate studies.

I look forward to joining UCLA as a graduate student at your esteemed department.

Rankings of Different Programs

(To properly view the table click the header)

* NRC, * US News, * Gourman

Name of University Physics Chemistry Economics General Psychology General English Language & Literature
MIT 4, *, 5 5, *, 4 3, *, 2 *, *, * *, *, *
Stanford 9, *, 7 4, *, 6 4, *, 5 *, *, 1 6, *, 7
Univ of CA-Berkeley 4, *, 6 1, *, 2 7, *, 7 *, *, 7 2, *, 2
UIUC 8, *, 9 8, *, 7 28, *, 28 *, *, 8 28, *, 27
GTECH 62, *, * 64, *, * *, *, * *, *, * *, *, *
Univ of MI- Ann Arbor 19, *, 14 35, *, 36 13, *, 13 *, *, 4 16, *, 16
CALTECH 5, *, 2 2, *, 3 19, *, * *, *, * *, *, *
USC 50, *, * 40, *, * 40, *, 40 *, *, 37 25, *, *
Purdue-West Lafayette 31, *, 30 24, *, 22 51, *, * *, *, 28 57, *,
Austin 11, *, 16 13, *, 15 31, *, 31 *, *, 19 21, *, 21
Carnegie Mellon Univ 28, *, 29 74, *, * *, *, * *, *, 12 52, *, *
Cornell Univ 6, *, 3 6, *, 10 18, *, 17 *, *, 21 7, *, 6
Univ of CA-San Diego 16, *, 18 19, *, 19 16, *, 19 *, *, 11 37, *, 36
TAMU 48, *, * 15, *, 18 34, *, 33 *, *, * 56, *, *
Univ of WI- Madison 21, *, 22 10, *, 11 15, *, 16 *, *, 16 22, *, 22
Univ of MD- College Park 18, *, 19 53, *, * 20, *, 20 *, *, * 41, *, *
Harvard 1, *, 1 4, *, 1 2, *, 3 *, *, 6 2, *, 3
Princeton 2, *, 4 20, *, 13 5, *, 4 *, *, 15 13, *, 12
Northwestern 37, *, 35 14, *, 12 9, *, 9 *, *, 25 29, *, 28
UCLA 15, *, 15 10, *, 8 11, *, 11 *, *, 9 12, *, 13
Penn State 55, *, * 19, *, 21 45, *, * *, *, 24 42, *, *
JHU 29, *, 27 27, *, * 32, *, 32 *, *, 26 11, *, 11
Univ of MN- Twin Cities 23, *, 24 21, *, 23 10, *, * *, *, 5 36, *, 35
Ohio State 24, *, 28 22, *, 17 34, *, 35 *, *, 27 33, *, 33
Univ of CA- Santa Barbara 10, *, 12 33, *, 35 49, *, * *, *, * 35, *, 34
Columbia Univ (Fu Foundation) 12, *, 10 7, *, 5 12, *, 12 *, *, 14 9, *, 8
Univ of Fl *, *, 38 30, *, 29 41, *, 39 *, *, 40 39, *, *
VTech 71, *, * 67, *, * *, *, * *, *, * *, *, *
Univ of Pennsylvania 17, *, 13 25, *, 25 8, *, 8 *, *, 3 9, *, 9
Univ of Washington 14, *, 17 29, *, 30 26, *, 27 *, *, 20 23, *, 23
Rice 43, *, 41 29, *, 28 *, *, * *, *, * 53, *, *
NCSU 51, *, * 81, *, * 42, *, * *, *, * *, *, *
Duke 43, *, 39 44, *, * 22, *, 22 *, *, 29 6, *, 4
Rensselaer Polytehnic 69, *, * 82, *, * 103, *, * *, *, * *, *, *
Washington Univ in St. Louis 52, *, * 55, *, * 29, *, 29 *, *, * 50, *, *
Univ of CA- Davis 67, *, * 48, *, * 38, *, 37 *, *, * 48, *, *
Univ of CO- Boulder 38, *, 33 42, *, * 55, *, * *, *, 22 52, *, *
Case Western Reserve 65, *, * 71, *, * *, *, * *, *, * 91, *, *
Iowa State 50, *, * 26, *, 16 37, *, * *, *, * *, *, *
Univ of Virginia 46, *, * 43, *, * 24, *, 25 *, *, 18 4, *, 5
Lehigh 98, *, * 84, *, * 89, *, * *, *, * 114, *, *
Yale 13, *, 11 12, *, 14 6, *, 6 *, *, 2 1, *, 1
Rutgers 20, *, 23 60, *, * 52, *, * *, *, 32 17, *, 17
Dartmouth 84, *, * 54, *, * *, *, * *, *, * *, *, *
Univ of Delaware 74, *, * 73, *, * *, *, * *, *, * *, *, *
Univ of Rochester 25, *, 25 32, *, 34 14, *, 15 *, *, 30 46, *, *
Brown 27, *, 26 56, *, * 23, *, 23 *, *, 23 14, *, 15
Univ of CA- Irvine 34, *, 32 36, *, 37 *, *, * *, *, 38 15, *, 14
Univ of MA- Amherst 64, *, * 58, *, * 51, *, * *, *, 39 41, *, *
Boston 39, *, 37 89, *, * 21, *, 21 *, *, * 38, *, 37
Univ of AZ 46, *, * *, *, * 37, *, 36 *, *, * 58, *, *
Univ of Iowa 73, *, * 76, *, * 30, *, 30 *, *, 33 45, *, *
Univ of Notre Dame 56, *, * 62, *, 38 82, *, * *, *, * 63, *, 29
Univ of Pittsburgh 40, *, 40 34, *, 32 34, *, 34 *, *, * 27, *, 25
Vanderbilt 58, *, * 86, *, * 48, *, * *, *, 25 31, *, 30
ASU 70, *, * 69, *, * 67, *, * *, *, * 79, *, *
CO State 105, *, * 37, *, * 100, *, * *, *, * *, *, *
MI State 32, *, 31 39, *, 39 27, *, 26 *, *, * 60, *, *
Drexel 81, *, * 118, *, * *, *, * *, *, * *, *, *
Ill Institute of Tech. 88, *, * *, *, * *, *, * *, *, * *, *, *
Univ at Buffalo 108, *, * 57, *, * 58, *, * *, *, * 27, *, 26
Univ of Illinois, Chicago 88, *, * 63, *, * 71, *, * *, *, * 64, *, *
Northeastern 66, *, * 105, *, * 107, *, * *, *, * *, *, *
SUNY -Stony Brook 23, *, 21 46, *, * 39, *, 38 *, *, 31 49, *, *
Syracuse 58, *, * 60, *, * 56, *, * *, *, * 76, *, *
Univ of Utah 58, *, * 32, *, 31 90, *, * *, *, * *, *, *
CO School of Mines 107, *, * 159, *, * 104, *, * *, *, * *, *, *
Univ of Cincinnati 102, *, * 72, *, * 97, *, * *, *, * 109, *, *
University of NM *, *, * *, *, * *, *, * *, *, * *, *, *
Oklahoma State 121, *, * 100, *, * 86, *, * *, *, * 122, *, *
Univ of CT 102, *, * 85, *, * 84, *, * *, *, * 82, *, *
Univ of NC- Chapel Hill 54, *, * 17, *, 16 25, *, 24 *, *, 24 24, *, 24
MI Tech 139, *, * *, *, * *, *, * *, *, * *, *, *
Univ of Missouri, Rolla 124, *, * 111, *, * *, *, * *, *, * *, *, *
Clemson *, *, * 94, *, * 75, *, * *, *, * *, *, *
Mississippi State *, *, * 159, *, * *, *, * *, *, * *, *, *
Polytechnic Univ 126, *, * 109, *, * *, *, * *, *, * *, *, *
Univ of Central Fl *, *, * *, *, * 36, *, * *, *, * *, *, *
Auburn 128, *, * 123, *, * 74, *, * *, *, * 93, *, *
NJIT *, *, * *, *, * *, *, * *, *, * *, *, *
Univ of CA- Riverside 70, *, * 70, *, * 71, *, * *, *, * 35, *, *
Univ of Houston 62, *, * 50, *, * 57, *, * *, *, * 88, *, *
Oregon State 76, *, * 61, *, 40 *, *, * *, *, * *, *, *
Tufts 77, *, * 137, *, * *, *, * *, *, * 70, *, *

A New Approach to Rankings of Engineering and Computer Science Programs

University

CS

Aerospace Eng

Chemical Eng

Civil Eng

Electrical Eng

Mechanical Eng

Industrial Eng

MIT

2, 1, 1

2, 1, 2

2, 1, 2

1, 3, 2

2, 1, 2

2, 1, 1

*, *, *

Stanford

1, 1, 2

3, 2, 3

7, 6, 5

3, 8, 5

1, 3, 1

8, 4, 2

7, 9, 7

Univ of CA Berkeley

3, 1, 4

*, *, *

3, 3, 4

2, 1, 1

4, 2, 4

3, 3, 3

2, 4, 2

Urbana Champaign

8, 5, 8

14, 8, 14

5, 9, 8

5, 2, 3

3, 3, 3

9, 5, 9

13, *, 13

GATECH

32, 12, 33

9, 3, 9

31, *, 31

*, 5, 17

13, 7, 13

18, 6, 17

1, 1, 1

Ann Arbor

21, 14, 20

5, 3, 5

18, *, 16

10, 6, 10

6, 5, 7

5, 2, 5

4, 2, 4

CALTECH

12, 10, 12

1, 3, 1

6, 4, 3

7, *, 4

5, 6, 5

4, 8, 4

*, *, *

USC

20, 27, 21

*, *, *

57, *, *

*, *, *

11, 20, 10

57, *, *

22, *, 21

Purdue West Lafayette

26, 20, 26

7, 6, 7

16, *, 15

11, 7, 11

8, 9, 8

11, 7, 10

3, 3, 3

Austin

7, 7, 7

8, 7, 8

10, 7, 10

4, 4, 6

14, 11, 14

15, 11, 15

*, *, *

Carnegie Mellon

4, 1, 3

*, *, *

12, *, 12

12, *, 12

12, 10, 12

19, 13, 19

*, *, *

Cornell

5, 6, 5

6, 10, 6

13, *, 13

6, 9, 7

7, 8, 6

7, 10, 7

*, *, *

Univ of CA, San Diego

23, 20, 25

11, *, 10

*, *, *

*, *, *

20, 14, 20

10, 17, 11

*, *, *

TAMU

63, 49, *

18, *, 17

37, *, 36

*, *, 19

32, 17, 32

28, 18, 28

*, 6, 5

Univ of WI Madison

10, 10, 11

*, *, *

4, 5, 7

*, *, 21

16, 14, 16

21, 15, 21

10, 10, 9

Univ of MD College Park

16, 12, 16

20, *, 20

52, *, *

*, *, 36

17, 20, 17

34, *, 32

*, *, *

Harvard

11, *, 10

*, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

Princeton

6, 9, 6

4, 8, 4

9, 10, 9

8, *, 9

9, 12, 9

6, 12, 6

*, *, *

Northwestern

38, 35, 38

*, *, *

15, *, 14

9, 10, 8

39, *, *

12, 16, 13

6, 7, 6

UCLA

15, 14, 14

11, *, 11

39, *, *

*, *, 20

11, 13, 11

14, 22, 16

*, *, *

Penn State Univ Park

55, 35, *

18, *, 18

23, *, 24

*, *, 29

29, 20, 28

17, 14, 18

9, 4, 8

Johns Hopkins

37, 28, 36

*, *, *

36, *, 35

*, *, 15

34, *, 34

48, *, *

*, *, *

Unive of MN Twin Cities

47, 35, 22

12, *, 12

*, 2, 1

13, *, 13

18, *, 18

8, 9, 8

*, *, 10*

Ohio State

39, 35, 39

24, *, 25

41, *, *

*, *, 38

22, *, 22

25, 18, 25

12, *, 12

Univ of CA Santa Barbara

49, 49, *

*, *, *

14, *, 18

*, *, *

19, *, 19

40, *, *

*, *, *

Columbia (Fu Foundation)

23, 20, 22

*, *, *

56, *, *

*, *, 17

15, *, 15

30, 29, 29

*, *, *

Univ of Fl

46, 47, *

27, *, 27

34, *, 33

*, *, 35

31, *, 31

52, *, *

19, *, 19

VTECH

66, 35, *

15, *, 15

42, *, *

*, *, 39

27, *, 27

30, 21, 30

8, 8, 10

Univ of Pennsylvania

25, 17, 24

*, *, *

11, *, 11

*, *, *

41, *, *

22, *, 22

*, *, *

Univ of WA Seattle

9, 7, 9

19, *, 19

20, *, 19

14, *, 14

25, 19, 25

8, *, 33

*, *, *

Rice Univ

19, 17, 19

*, *, *

22, *, 22

*, *, 22

26, 20, 26

28, *, 27

*, *, *

NC State Univ

60, 49, *

16, *, 16

25, *, 26

*, *, 40

21, 17, 21

24, 22, 24

11, *, 11

Duke Univ

28, 20, 28

*, *, *

84, *, *

*, *, 16

55, *, *

41, *, *

*, *, *

Rensselaer Polytehnic

49, 49, *

22, *, 22

36, *, 34

*, *, 33

23, 17, 23

16, 18, 14

14, *, 14

Washington Univ in St. Louis

52, 35, *

*, *, *

38, *, *

*, *, *

37, *, *

55, *, *

*, *, *

Univ of CA Davis

58, 35, *

*, *, *

28, *, 27

*, *, 16

33, *, 33

26, *, 26

*, *, *

Univ of CO Boulder

41, 35, 40

13, *, 13

26, *, 25

*, *, 23

37, *, *

51, *, *

*, *, *

Case Western Reserve

68, 67, *

*, *, *

46, *, *

*, *, *

42, *, *

21, *, 20

*, *, *

Iowa State

78, 60, *

22, *, 21

33, *, 32

*, *, *

52, *, *

46, *, *

21, *, 22

Univ of Virginia

35, 27, 35

*, *, *

31, *, 37

*, *, 37

55, *, *

40, *, *

*, *, *

Lehigh

96, *, *

*, *, *

27, *, 29

*, *, 18

67, *, *

23, *, 23

15, *, 15

Yale

15, 25, 15

*, *, *

33, *, 30

*, *, *

31, *, 30

*, *, *

*, *, *

Rutgers, New Brunswick

27, 28, 27

*, *, *

43, *, *

*, *, *

50, *, *

31, *, 31

*, *, *

Dartmouth

56, 47, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

Univ of Delaware

*, 60, *

*, *, *

8, 8, 6

*, *, *

79, *, *

48, *, *

*, *, *

Univ of Rochester

30, 35, 29

*, *, *

40, *, *

*, *, *

47, *, *

58, *, *

*, *, *

Brown

13, 14, 13

*, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

35, *, 35

13, 12, 12

*, *, *

Univ of CA Irvine

34, 28, 34

*, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, 32

47, *, *

34, *, 36

*, *, *

Univ of MA Amherst

18, 25, 17

*, *, *

22, *, 21

*, *, *

29, 29, 29

61, *, *

25, *, 27

Boston Univ

58, 60, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

83, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

Univ of Arizona

33, 35, 32

*, *, *

79, *, *

*, *, 31

40, *, *

34, *, 35

*, *, *

Univ of Iowa

62, 60, *

*, *, *

67, *, *

*, *, 28

53, *, *

54, *, *

24, *, 24

Univ of Notre Dame

*, *, *

25, *, 24

24, *, 17

*, *, 34

45, *, *

37, *, 34

*, *, *

Univ of Pitts

43, 49, *

*, *, *

44, *, *

*, *, *

63, *, *

69, *, *

23, *, 23

Vanderbilt

73, 60, *

*, *, *

76, *, *

*, *, *

71, *, *

73, *, *

*, *, *

Arizona State

61, 55, *

*, *, *

64, *, *

*, *, *

37, *, *

37, *, *

17, *, 17

Colorado State

*, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, 14

61, *, *

65, *, *

*, *, *

Michigan State

53, 49, *

*, *, *

45, *, *

*, *, *

44, *, *

43, *, *

*, *, *

Drexel

*, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

48, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

Ill Inst of Tech

91, *, *

*, *, *

48, *, *

*, *, *

84, *, *

44, *, *

*, *, *

Univ at Buffalo

58, 55, 30

29, *, 28

29, *, 28

*, *, 30

61, *, *

40, *, *

18, *, 18

Univ of Illinois

51, 55, *

*, *, *

61, *, *

*, *, *

65, *, *

45, *, *

*, *, *

Northeastern

*, 67, *

*, *, *

89, *, *

*, *, *

66, *, *

89, *, *

30, *, *

Stony Brook

31, 28, 31

*, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

58, *, *

54, *, *

*, *, *

Syracuse

44, 55, *

*, *, *

48, *, *

*, *, *

49, *, *

89, *, *

*, *, *

Univ of Utah

41, 28, 41

*, *, *

53, *, *

*, *, *

43, *, *

61, *, *

*, *, *

Co School of Mines

*, *, *

*, *, *

65, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

Univ of Cincinnati

*, *, *

23, *, 23

74, *, *

*, *, *

87, *, *

59, *, *

*, *, *

Univ of New Mexico

*, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

Oklahoma State

108, *, *

*, *, *

70, *, *

*, *, *

104, *, *

78, *, *

16, *, 16

Univ of Connecticut

92, *, *

*, *, *

51, *, *

*, *, *

79, *, *

72, *, *

*, *, *

Univ of NC

29, 17, 30

*, *, *

*, *, *

15, *, 15

*, *, *

8, *, *

*, *, *

MI Tech

*, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

67, *, *

*, *, *

Univ of Missouri, Rolla

106, *, *

*, *, *

58, *, *

*, *, *

81, *, *

50, *, *

*, *, *

Clemson

*, *, *

*, *, *

81, *, *

*, *, *

73, *, *

63, *, *

32, *, 30

Mississippi State

99, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

102, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

Polytechnic Univ

*, *, *

*, *, *

63, *, *

*, *, *

25, *, 24

106, *, *

*, *, *

Univ of Central Fl

83, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

77, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

Auburn

*, *, *

32, *, 30

72, *, *

*, *, *

59, *, *

75, *, *

20, *, 20

NJIT

*, *, *

*, *, *

80, *, *

*, *, *

103, *, *

99, *, *

*, *, *

Univ of CA Riverside

*, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

Univ of Houston

75, *, *

*, *, *

17, *, 20

*, *, *

90, *, *

37, *, *

36, *, *

Oregon State

71, 67, *

*, *, *

77, *, *

*, *, *

63, *, *

82, *, *

37, *, *

Tufts

*, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *

*, *, *


* NRC, * US News, * Gourman