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Does PhD pedigree matter?

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 Choosing a School for PhD

This post is inspired in large part by discussion over at Cosmic Variance about the importance of choice of particular graduate school and pedigree effect. Two extreme points of view are: a) pedigree matters a great deal, having a top school name on your resume will enhance your chances of getting a job and b) pedigree effect is non-existent, and if you are smart and do good science, it doesn’t matter where your degree is from. Additional discussion centered on issue of difficulty of “upward” mobility – which means that most people tend to get positions down the ranking ladder from their PhD institutions, not up.
It’s of course difficult to do proper “controlled” measure of pedigree effect – maybe students selected by top program would do just as well in lower ranked programs, who knows.
So let’s ask a different question – how many of the academic jobs in top research universities go to PhDs from the top programs? Ideally one would want to focus on recent hires only, looking at entire faculty makeup means integrating over the past50 or 60 years, with a big hiring spike in sputnik/cold war years. One way to address this issue is to look only at associate and assistant professors, which typically represent recent hires. Another, possibly better, way is to limit by the years of PhD (say count only PhDs obtained past 1995), but it involves more work. I spent about 4 hours compiling the data, and not sure I want to spend much more on this, even though it is a lot of fun and I am a sucker for playing with numbers.
So here’s the statistics, and I will criticize methods later – AIP graduate program listings, which I believe are compiled in 2005-2006 list 636 professors in the top 50 institutions (I used NRC’95 rankings) in associate or assistant rank. Typically their PhD years span about 12-15 year period from about 1990 till ~2003-2004. 162 of them have foreign PhDs (more on that later) and 472 held PhDs from US. More than half of those hires have PhDs from just 8 institutions: Harvard, Princeton, MIT, Berkeley, Chicago, Stanford, Caltech and Cornell. The effect is larger than I expected, but perhaps not completely unexpected.
Below are the institutions that have 3 or more PhD graduates among 636 assistant/associate rank professors in the top 50 physics programs:

Harvard University

Princeton University

MIT

Univ. of California-Berkeley

University of Chicago

Stanford University

CALTECH

Cornell University

University of Michigan

Columbia University

University of Minnesota

Univ of California-San Diego

Univ of CA-Santa Barbara

Univ of Il Urbana-Champaign

University of Washington

Yale University

SUNY-Stony Brook

University of Texas at Austin

Univ of Wisconsin-Madison

Johns Hopkins University

University of Pennsylvania

University of Rochester

Univ of California-Los Angeles

Univ of Maryland College Park

Northwestern University

Rice University

University of Colorado

Boston University

Indiana University

Rutgers -New Brunswick

Brandeis University

Duke University

Purdue University

42

39

34

32

29

28

26

22

14

13

11

9

9

9

9

9

8

8

8

7

7

7

6

6

5

5

5

4

4

4

3

3

3

Foreign degrees are more scattered all over the world, but here’s some strong contributors:

MoscowCambridgeOxford

Munich

Toronto

Vienna

Warsaw

15128

8

8

3

3

Top 10 universities contribute 59% of US PhD hires, those ranked 11-20 provide another 18%, the next ten ranked 21-30 provide 10%, and ALL of the remaining US universities contribute remaining 12% or so.

More charts like:

Percentage of PhDs that goes on to become faculty at top 50 universities.

Comparison ranking in terms of total PhD hires and ranking of USNews and NRC.

and the complete article is available at Incoherently Scattered Ponderings

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Law School Rankings vs. Parent University Rankings

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By Paul L. Caron

From Which Law Schools Outrank the Undergraduate Institutions With Which They’re Affiliated?

U.S. News Rankings: Law v. Undergrad

Here are the Top 100 law schools that have overcome the most headwind — the law schools with the biggest positive spread between its ranking and the ranking of its parent university

[click on chart to enlarge]:

Us_news_law_v

Note that the chart understates the spread in many cases, because it assigns the highest possible ranking to schools in the Third (#131) and Fourth (#196) Tier of the National Universities Rankings.

Other Top 20 law schools that are ranked significantly higher than their parent universities are

Michigan (#8 Law, #25 National University)

Virginia (#10, #23)

USC (#16, #27)

UCLA (#15, #25).

Update:  Several readers commented that since U.S News ranks more national universities (262) than law schools (184), a more meaningful measure would look at the disparity by percentiles rather than by absolute rank.  See here for a ranking by percentiles
 

Law Schools Ranked Lower Than Their Parent Universities

The law schools that are ranked significantly lower than their parent universities
[click on chart to enlarge]:

Us_news_minus_law_v_university

Percentiles rather than absolute ranks have been used because U.S News ranks more national universities (262) than law schools (184). Schools in Tier 3 and Tier 4 the percentile ranking of the midpoint of those tiers because U.S. News does not disclose the actual rank of those school

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The Times Higher World University Rankings 2007

ranking-headerUNABLE TO SEE A TABLE? HIT THE HEADER

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Rank 2007 Rank 2006 Institute Country
1

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31

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33=

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36

37

38=

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40

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42

43

44

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46

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48

49

50

51=

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53=

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57

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59

60

61

62

63

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65=

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67

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70

71=

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79

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88

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90=

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93=

95

96

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99

100

101

102=

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105

106

107

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110

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112=

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117=

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122

123

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125

126=

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135

136

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149=

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=70

66

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176

95

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132

130=

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75

79=

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219=

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76

141=

180

105=

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133=

194

67

198=

93=

224=

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128=

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282=

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109=

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153

149

228=

97

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147=

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152

72

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163

130=

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48=

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179

201=

266=

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156=

82=

291

238

222=

207=

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284=

448=

219=

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190=

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252=

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177

258=

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172=

74

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181=

196

257

146

Harvard

University of Cambridge

University of Oxford

Yale University

Imperial College London

Princeton University

CALTECH

University of Chicago

University College London

MIT

Columbia University

McGill University

Duke University

University of Penn

Johns Hopkins Univ

Australian National Univ

University of Tokyo

University of Hong Kong

Stanford University

Carnegie Mellon University

Cornell University

University of California, Berkeley

University of Edinburgh

King’s College London

Kyoto University

Ecole Normale Supérieure, Paris

University of Melbourne

Ecole Polytechnique

Northwestern University

University of Manchester

University of Sydney

Brown University

University of British Columbia

University of Queensland

National University of Singapore

Peking University

University of Bristol

Chinese University of Hong Kong

University of Michigan

Tsinghua University

University of California, LA

ETH Zurich

Monash University

University of New South Wales

University of Toronto

Osaka University

Boston University

University of Amsterdam

New York University

University of Auckland

Seoul National University

University of Texas at Austin

Hong Kong University of Sc & Tech

Trinity College Dublin

University of Washington

University of Wisconsin-Madison

University of Warwick

University of California, San Diego

London School of Economics

Heidelberg University

Katholieke Universiteit Leuven

University of Adelaide

Delft University of Technology

University of Western Australia

University of Birmingham

Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität  M

Technische Universität München

University of Sheffield

Nanyang Technological University

University of Nottingham

Dartmouth College

Uppsala University

University of Illinois

Emory University

University of York

University of St Andrews

University of Pittsburgh

Purdue University

University of Maryland

University of Leeds

University of Southampton

Vanderbilt University

University of Glasgow

Leiden University

Case Western Reserve Univ

Fudan University

University of Vienna

Queen’s University

Utrecht University

Pen State University

Tokyo Institute of Tech

Rice University

University of Copenhagen

University of Montreal

University of Rochester

University of California, Davis

University of Alberta

Georgia Institute of Technology

Cardiff University

University of Helsinki

University of Liverpool

Georgetown University

National Taiwan University

Tohoku University

University of Geneva

Lund University

University of Colorado

McMaster University

Durham University

University of Virginia

Maastricht University

Nagoya University

University of Waterloo

University of Aarhus

University of Basel

University of Otago

University of California, SB

Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale De L

University of Southern California

Ohio State University

University of Sussex

Texas A&M University

Université Catholique de Louvain

University of Ghent

Nanjing University

Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

Univ of Western Ontario

Hebrew Univ of Jerusalem

Newcastle University

Technical Univ of Denmark

Eindhoven University of Tech

Korea Adv Inst of Sc & Tech

Université Pierre et Marie Curie

University of Arizona

University of Florida

Kyushu University

University of Aberdeen

Indiana University Bloomington

Simon Fraser University

University of California, Irvine

University of Zurich

University of Minnesota

Universität Tübingen

Universität Freiburg

University of Bath

Freie Universität Berlin

University of Lancaster

Wageningen University

City University of Hong Kong

Queen Mary, Univ of London

Hokkaido University

University of North Carolina

Tel Aviv University

Université Libre de Bruxelles

Univ of Sc &Tech of China

University of Notre Dame

Ecole Normale Supérieure

Cranfield University

Michigan State University

Tufts University

Keio University

Washington University in St Louis

Erasmus University Rotterdam

Shanghai Jiao Tong University

Universität Stuttgart

University of Calgary

Vienna University of Tech

Universität Göttingen

Macquarie University

Helsinki University of Tech

University of Dundee

Universität Karlsruhe

University of Bologna

University of Groningen

University of MA ,Amherst

University of São Paulo

University of Campinas

University College Dublin

Rutgers,  New Jersey

University of Reading

Waseda University

Rheinisch-Westfälische Tech

Università Degli Studi Di Roma

Université Louis Pasteur

University of Leicester

University of Twente

University of Antwerp

University of Canterbury

University of Oslo

University of Surrey

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

KTH, Royal Institute of Technology

Univ Nat Autónoma de México

University of Barcelona

Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen

Queensland Univ of Technology

Chalmers University of Technology

Kobe University

University of Wollongong

University of Cape Town

Rmit University

US

UK

UK

US

UK

US

US

US

UK

US

US

Canada

US

US

US

Australia

Japan

Hong Kong

US

US

US

US

UK

UK

Japan

France

Australia

France

US

UK

Austraila

US

Canada

Austraila

Singapore

China

UK

Hong Kong

US

China

US

Switzerland

Australia

Australia

Canada

Japan

US

Netherlands

US

New Zealand

South Korea

US

Hong Kong

Ireland

US

US

UK

US

UK

Germany

Belgium

Australia

Netherlands

Australia

UK

Germany

Germany

UK

Singapore

UK

US

Sweden

US

US

UK

UK

US

US

US

UK

UK

US

UK

Netherlands

US

China

Austria

Canada

Netherlands

US

Japan

US

Denmark

Canada

US

US

Canada

US

UK

Finland

UK

US

Taiwan

Japan

Switzerland

Sweden

US

Canada

UK

US

Netherlands

Japan

Canada

Denmark

Switzerland

New Zealand

US

Switzerland

US

US

UK

US

Belgium

Belgium

China

Germany

Canada

Israel

UK

Denmark

Netherlands

South Korea

France

US

US

Japan

UK

US

Canada

US

Switzerland

US

Germany

Germany

UK

Germany

UK

Netherlands

Hong Kong

UK

Japan

US

Israel

Belgium

China

US

France

UK

US

US

Japan

US

Netherlands

China

Germany

Canada

Austria

Germany

Australia

Finland

UK

Germany

Italy

Netherlands

US

Brazil

Brazil

Ireland

US

UK

Japan

Germany

Italy

France

UK

Netherlands

Belgium

New Zealand

Norway

UK

US

Sweden

Mexico

Spain

Netherlands

Australia

Sweden

Japan

Australia

South Africa

Australia

For a Commentry on this Ranking also See:

THES-QS World University Rankings 2007

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Graduate + Undergraduate Enrollment – USA Schools

del.icio.us Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

About 22000

Auburn University, Main Campus

Cypress College

Diablo Valley College

Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton

Kansas State University

Kent State University, Main Campus

Palomar College

Salt Lake Community College

San Diego Mesa College

University of Akron, Main Campus

University of Pennsylvania

Utah State University

West Virginia University

About 23000

De Anza College

Macomb Community College

Mesa Community College

Pasadena City College

Riverside Community College

Southern Illinois University, Carbondale

Southwest Texas State University

University of Nebraska at Lincoln

University of Nevada, Las Vegas

University of Virginia, Main Campus

About 24000

Eastern Michigan University

George Mason University

Georgia State University

Northeastern University

Northern Illinois University

Oakland Community College, Bloomfield Hills

Orange Coast College

University of Kentucky

University of Missouri, Columbia

University of New Mexico, Main Campus

University of South Carolina at Columbia

University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee

About 25000

Cerritos College

El Camino College

Harvard University

North Harris-Montgomery Community College

Portland Community College

SUNY at Buffalo

Texas Tech University

University of Illinois at Chicago

University of Massachusetts, Amherst

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

University of Oklahoma, Norman Campus

Virginia Commonwealth University

University of Utah

About 26000

Austin Community College

California State University, Sacramento

University of Kansas, Main Campus

University of Tennessee

About 27000

Central Michigan University

Colorado State University

Iowa State University

San Francisco State University

San Jose State University

Tarrant County College

University of California, Davis

University of Pittsburgh, Main Campus

About 28000

Broward Community College

East Los Angeles College

Indiana U.-Purdue U. at Indianapolis

San Diego City College

Santa Ana College

Santa Monica College

Santa Rosa Junior College

University of Cincinnati, Main Campus

University of North Texas

Valencia Community College

Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State U.

About 29000

American River College

Boston University

California State University, Fullerton

College of Du Page

Mount San Antonio College

North Carolina State University at Raleigh

Pima Community College

Temple University

University of Iowa

Western Michigan University

About 30000

California State University, Northridge

Community College of Southern Nevada

University of Colorado at Boulder

University of Southern California

About 31000

California State University, Long Beach

Wayne State University

About 32000

Florida International University

Louisiana St. U. & A&M & Hebert Laws Center

San Diego State University

University of California, Berkeley

University of Georgia

About 33000

Brigham Young University

University of Houston, University Park

About 34000

Florida State University

University of Central Florida

University of Maryland, College Park Campus

About 35000

University of Arizona

About 36000

Rutgers University, New Brunswick

University of South Florida

About 37000

University of Washington, Seattle

University of California, Los Angeles

About 38000

Indiana University, Bloomington

New York University

Northern Virginia Community College

About 39000

University of Michigan, Ann Arbo

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

About 40000

City College of San Francisco

Purdue University, Main Campus

About 41000

Houston Community College System

Pennsylvania State University, Main Campus

University of Wisconsin, Madison

About 44000

Michigan State University

About 45000

Arizona State University, Main Campus

Texas A&M University

About 46000

University of Florida

University of Minnesota, Twin Cities

About 47000

Miami-Dade Community College

About 48000

Ohio State University, Main Campus

About 50000

University of Texas at Austin

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LiveJournal Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Actuarial Science Program

Universities Offering Actuarial Science Programs are:

BALL STATE UNIVERSITY
BOWLING GREEN STATE UNIVERSITY
CENTRAL CONNECTICUT STATE UNIVERSITY
COLLEGE OF INSURANCE – ST. JOHN’S UNIVERSITY
CONCORDIA UNIVERSITY
DEPAUL UNIVERSITY
GEORGIA STATE UNIVERSITY
UNIVERSITY OF LOUISVILLE
UNIVERSITY OF MANITOBA
MIDDLE TENNESSEE STATE UNIVERSITY
UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA
UNIVERSITE DE MONTREAL
UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA – LINCOLN
NEW YORK UNIVERSITY – STERN SCHOOL OF BUSINESS
NORTHERN ARIZONA UNIVERSITY
OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY
UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA – WHARTON SCHOOL OF BUSINESS
PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY
UNIVERSITE DU A MONTREAL – QUEBEC
ROOSEVELT UNIVERSITY
TEMPLE UNIVERSITY
UNIVERSITY OF WATERLOO
UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN ONTARIO
UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN – MADISON
UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA – TWIN CITIES

CS – Universities With No Spring Intake

Computer Science

CMU

MIT

Stanford University

UC-Berkeley

University of Washington

Princeton University

Cal Tech

University of Wisconsin – Madison

Georgia Tech

University of MD-College Park

UC-Los Angeles

University of Michigan-Ann Arbor

University of Pennsylvania

Harvard University

University of California-San Diego

Sunny – Stony Brook

UC-Irvine

University of Massachusetts-Amherst

Yale University

University of Wisconsin

Northwestern University

SUNY-Buffalo

Rice University

Purdue University

University of North Carolina – Chapel Hill

UC-Davis

University of Virginia

University of Minnesota

University of Rochester

UC-Santa Barbara

University of Utah

More Here CS : Spring Admission Application Deadlines