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Who is Applying? What Schools and Why?

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Are you thinking of applying to college or university over the next few years? Do you have any friends, family or co-workers who are? SkoolPool is a new, free Facebook application that lets you show your friends what schools you are looking at –and why! Plus, if they add SkoolPool to their own profiles then you can see where they are applying too! It’s quick and easy, and totally free – so please take a second to check it out and let us know what you think.

SkoolPool takes the school choice conversation to the next level. Students are able to rank their institutions. They can notify friends and schoolmates when they decide to finally apply to schools, and again when they receive acceptances and when they make their final decision of where to go in September 2008.

SkoolPool lets students show off the schools they are applying to:

My Schools

Details AT

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Recruiters’ Top MBA Schools

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Extract of the article by Ronald Alsop published in Wall Street Journal (WSJ)
Dartmouth’s Tuck School of Business in Hanover, N.H.
Tuck received its highest ratings this year for its “well-rounded” students, their personal integrity, interpersonal and communication skills, and teamwork abilities.

University of Michigan

Michigan had rivaled Tuck with its consistently strong showing in the survey in previous years, but some recruiters now complain about both the students and the career-services office. One survey respondent said more Michigan students are demonstrating a “what’s in it for me?” attitude.

“Students weren’t as prepared for interviews and were somewhat more arrogant than in the past,” says David Gallon, a survey respondent and senior strategic research consultant, truck and SUV, for Toyota Motor Corp. in Torrance, Calif.

Northwestern University

Northwestern University is another school that tumbled in the 2007 ranking — to 12th place from sixth — after a number of years near the top of the ranking. Recruiters said they were displeased with the pompous attitudes of some students at Northwestern’s Kellogg School of Management. Some students also proved disappointing in their financial knowledge.
The Sloan School of Management at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Sloan made a notable gain in the ranking, jumping six places to No. 4. It also moved up three places in the International ranking, to No. 5. Recruiters gave MIT its highest marks for students’ analytical skills and work ethic, and named it more than any other school for excellence in teaching information technology and operations management.

Anderson School of Management – UCLA

Anderson School rose to No. 15 after three straight years in the cellar. Recruiters said they are most impressed for its diversity and energy and for students’ strong leadership, interpersonal and teamwork skills.

Harvard University and Stanford University

Two schools that typically rank low despite reputations for academic excellence — again were criticized for what recruiters said were their students’ inflated egos and excessive expectations. Nevertheless, their graduates still end up landing some of the highest paying jobs.


Brigham Young, in Provo, Utah

Year in and year out, recruiters rave about graduates’ maturity, competitive drive, integrity and international experience, especially from their missionary work for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
Academically, the Marriott School receives high marks in the Journal survey for its accounting program. Some recruiters also are finding that more Brigham Young M.B.A.s make a good fit for investment banking. “BYU has put much more emphasis in preparing their students for investment banking,” says Steven Potter, a survey respondent and managing director at Banc of America Securities in New York. “At both the B.A. and M.B.A. levels, they have had outside firms come to the school to give a course on valuation techniques that is much more practical than theoretical.”

Thunderbird School of Global Management

Last year’s top-rated Regional school, experienced quite a turnabout, slipping 10 spots in 2007. Recruiters said the school produces some stars but that it admits too many students who lack enough work experience. Survey respondents also were critical of the many international students with weak communication skills and the need for visa sponsorships to work in the U.S.
“Thunderbird attracts good students who want ex-pat careers, but also average students who can afford the steep price and want to ride Thunderbird’s above-average reputation,” says Tom Kondo, a survey respondent and human resources manager for L’Oréal Paris in New York. “Often times, the average students will claim interest in international or ex-pat careers, but don’t really have the skills or desire to follow through. When we interview there, we always have to weed these students out.” Recruiters said they still consider it the top school in the world for teaching about international business.

Among the biggest gainers this year were three Boston-area schools: Boston University, Boston College and Babson College. Babson placed highest of the three at No. 21, up 14 spots from last year.

Three new schools broke into the top 10: Indiana University, the University of Florida and Emory University. Indiana jumped 10 places to No. 5 this year, as recruiters noted that students are more polished and sharper, especially in their marketing skills, and that the career-services office has become more responsive. The survey respondents awarded Indiana higher scores this year for incorporating experiential learning into the curriculum, faculty expertise and course content, and overall recruiting value.

ESADE and Switzerland’s International Institute for Management Development (IMD) held on to first and second place again this year, while No. 3 London Business School and No. 4 IPADE Business School in Mexico swapped places.
This year, ESADE was rated highest for students’ personal integrity, their teamwork abilities and the career-services office.

Go Here to read further

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Involved Parents, Satisfied Students

University Parent produces institution-specific guides in partnership with universities across the U.S. for parents of college students. 

Presently the following guides are available : 

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Middle TN State University

University of Colorado
Florida State University at Tallahassee
Western Michigan University Kansas State University at Manhattan

CU Summer 07

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"Outlook" Ranking of Indian B-Schools 2007

outloocover September 2007


Ranking School
7 SP Jain
11 IMT Gaziabad
12 IIM Khozikhode
13 IIFT Delhi
14 ICFAI Hyderabad
15 XIM B
17 IMI Delhi
20 Symbiosis CHRD
21 IFMR Chennai
23 IIFM Bhopal
24 BIMTECH Noida
25 MANAGE Hyderabad
26 IHMR Jaipur
27 BIM Trichy
28 INST of PUBLIC Ent Hyd
29 IIMM Pune
30 IISWBM Kolkatta
33 GIM
34 LBSIM Delhi
35 LIBA Chennai
36 SIES Navi Mumbai
37 IMT Nagpur
38 PSG Coimbatore
39 College of Agri Pantnagar
40 CHRIST Bangalore
42 NIILM Delhi
43 ITM Navi Mumbai
44 DMS Dhanbad
45 IFIM Bangalore
46 IMS Ghaziabad
47 SCMS Cochin
48 JAIPURIA Lucknow
49 ICFAI Mumbai
50 RAJAGIRI  Cochin

Note: Some Schools like ISB,Hyderabad are not included in this list as they offer one year management program

Getting into a Top MBA Program

Why a Top MBA?

Unlike graduates of medical schools and law schools, there is no licensing exam required to practice business in the United States. In addition, the quality of accredited schools offering MBA degrees varies tremendously. This is a degree you can obtain part-time in 4 years, in an executive program in 1 year, via correspondence courses, and from schools with near 100% acceptance rates.

As a result, the value of your MBA degree is directly related to the prestige of the university and business school which grants it. A recent study of the value of MBA programs concluded that “if you don’t get into a leading business school, the economic value of the degree is really quite limited.” The study examined consultants at McKinsey & Company and investment bankers at Goldman, Sachs & Co. and found that those without MBA’s performed as well, or better, than business school graduates. The fallacy of the study was that it did not recognize that it is much harder to get such a job without an MBA degree. Intellectual horsepower and potential – rather than business knowledge – is the primary criterion top consulting firms and investment banks look for. If someone possesses a Ph.D. in economics from MIT or a JD from Harvard – quite common at such firms – then that obviously serves as a more than adequate intellectual proxy for even a top two-year MBA.

The required curriculum at most business schools consists of courses such as finance, accounting, statistics, organizational behavior, strategy, economics, communications and technology. Schools may have a larger or smaller set of “core” courses, and many give these subjects different names. But overall, MBA programs have more similarities with one another than they do differences, and most of the same subjects are taught from the same textbooks, using many of the same cases.

Thus, the academic content of a business school education – much like a law school or medical school education – does not vary greatly between programs. But due to the tremendous variation in the standards of institutions conferring the degree, an MBA has the most value in the marketplace when it is from a school that is highly respected. In addition, the lifelong professional network which comes from going to business school is more valuable when it is from a school where graduates typically go on to the most successful careers.

Ranking the Rankings

There is no other academic degree which is ranked and analyzed by so many publications and organizations as the MBA. While the general public and the business world have intuitive ideas of which the most famous and prestigious programs are, many of these rankings have highlighted improvements in other programs and presented them as viable competitors. Nonetheless, the traditional top schools perform the best across the best-regarded rankings.

US News and BusinessWeek

US News & World Report and BusinessWeek are the most well-known and respected MBA rankings, and have each been published for more than 10 years. New rankings from the Financial Times, Forbes, the Economist and the Wall Street Journal have come out in the last few years. Each ranking has strengths and weaknesses.

US News is generally considered the best ranking for prospective MBA applicants, as their system is the most transparent, and their rankings always come closest to peoples’ common sense perception of relative prestige. This is no accident, since their ranking heavily favors “peer assessment”, which is essentially “prestige”, as one of their key factors. There are three schools which have been ranked #1 by US News in the past ten years – the Stanford Graduate School of Business, Harvard Business School, and the MIT Sloan School of Management.

BusinessWeek is considered the next most useful ranking for applicants, since they collect a great deal of data and weight their ranking toward student feedback. Yet, none of Harvard, Stanford or MIT has ever been ranked #1 by BusinessWeek. Instead, the only schools to achieve the top position in their ranking are the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, and the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University.

Business School Highest Ranking in US News Highest Ranking in BusinessWeek
Harvard Business School



Stanford Graduate School of Business



MIT Sloan School of Management



Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania



Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University



Outside of these five schools, no other school has ever been ranked #1 in either of these rankings. BusinessWeek displays some variation, but has generally had each of these schools in or near the top 5. In US News, they have consistently been the top five schools every year the ranking has been published.

Other Rankings

The newer rankings, The Financial Times, Forbes, and the Wall Street Journal, are essentially specialty rankings which weight specifically chosen criteria very heavily to produce different results. The end results have some similarities with US News and BusinessWeek, but also produce many curious outcomes for individual schools and are more useful for the data they collect than the rankings they produce. A summary of the methodology issues with these rankings:

Ranking Methodology Problems
Financial Times Focuses on self-reported salary data several years post-graduation Unreliable and incomplete data: self-reporting bias
Forbes Focuses on self-reported salary data several years post-graduation; focuses on ROI Unreliable and incomplete data: self-reporting bias; penalizes schools with high entering salaries (inversely correlates program quality and applicant salary)
Wall Street Journal Based entirely on recruiter satisfaction Recruiters who tend to be unsuccessful at attracting interest from students at top schools tend to give those schools poor marks (inversely correlates program quality and graduate choices)

These methodology problems produce some questionable results, such as the Wall Street Journal ranking Stanford outside of the top 40, Forbes ranking MIT Sloan outside the top 15, and the Financial Times ranking Yale and NYU ahead of Kellogg. As such, the top business schools don’t pay as much attention to these rankings. Stanford’s dean even commented, quite justifiably, that doing poorly in the Wall Street Journal ranking was probably a better indicator of the quality of a program than doing well!

The Top Programs

Harvard, Stanford, MIT Sloan, Kellogg and Wharton stand out consistently amongst their peers, and have historically been considered the most prestigious MBA programs. They are also considered the best programs today. Two other notable programs are the University of Chicago and Columbia Business School. In fact, the deans of Harvard, Kellogg, MIT Sloan, Stanford, Wharton, Columbia and Chicago, meet regularly to share benchmarking information, and generally consider each other to be peer schools.

The reason that Columbia and Chicago are generally considered just below the other five is because they carry somewhat less prestige, as reflected in a couple of key statistics. Columbia used to have a 46% acceptance rate as recently as 10 years ago, far higher than any other top school, admitting nearly half of all applicants. Meanwhile, Chicago consistently has a much higher acceptance rate than any other top school (above 25-30%) and through much of the last 10 years maintained a 50% yield – in other words, nearly half of the people offered admission to Chicago choose not to attend. Nonetheless, these two schools are considered among the most prestigious after the top 5, and are even ranked in the top 5 in some finance-heavy rankings. Siebel’s “Siebel Scholars” program recognizes the top MBA students in the United States by awarding $25000 scholarships to the top five students at each of Harvard, Stanford, Sloan, Wharton, Kellogg and Chicago.

After these seven schools, other well known and highly regarded programs include:

  • Tuck School of Business, Dartmouth College
  • Haas School of Business, University of California-Berkeley
  • Yale School of Management
  • NYU Stern School of Business
  • Ross School of Business, University of Michigan
  • Anderson School of Business, UCLA
  • Darden School of Business, University of Virginia

Collectively, there are about 15 schools in the United States with a claim to “top 10 status” in one area or another.

Additional Statistics

Top MBA programs by subject area – one of the best ways to think about the top five MBA programs is to consider that they are all excellent in nearly every discipline, but are #1 in different specific subject areas:

Business School US News #1 in 2006 for… BusinessWeek “top-rated” in 2005 for…
Harvard Business School – Management – Finance
– Management
– Entrepreneurship
Stanford Graduate School of Business – N/A – Management
– Entrepreneurship
MIT Sloan School of Management – Information Systems
– Production/Operations
– Supply Chain/Logistics
– Finance
– Management
– Marketing
– Entrepreneurship
Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania – Finance
– Accounting
– Finance
– Management
– Marketing
– Entrepreneurship
Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University – Marketing – Management
– Marketing

Yield – that is, the % of students who accept offers of admission. While some less prestigious programs may have high yields because of a highly targeted audience, the top programs are certainly competing with one another for many of the same students. In other words, the typical explanation for someone turning down an offer of admission at one top business school is because they accepted the offer of a school they would rather attend. Since top candidates receive more offers of admission, their choice of program is a factor which can be used to gauge the quality of each program. The yields of the top schools (2004 figures) are:

School Name


Acceptance Rate










MIT Sloan



















Endowment – this is kind of like the market capitalization of a business school, in a somewhat silly way. If a school has many graduates who have gone on to become very wealthy, it should have a lot of money in its endowment fund. If the school is well-managed, that fund should grow and help it attract more successful students. These are the top 10 schools by endowment (BusinessWeek, 2001):

School Name

Endowment ($ millions)

Endowment per student ($ 000)






MIT Sloan



































The reason the per-capita endowment figures for schools like Chicago and Kellogg are so low is because they spread their resources amongst a large number of full-time and part-time students. Harvard, MIT, Stanford and Wharton do not have part-time programs.

Famous Alumni – so who goes on to fame and fortune with an MBA degree? Besides George W. Bush, the nation’s first MBA president (Harvard ’75), the most prominent MBA’s are CEO’s of the world’s largest companies. MBA Jungle analyzed the Fortune 200 to see where their CEO’s went to school. The list, once again, has the top schools well-represented, and shows Harvard’s strength historically:

School Name

# of Fortune 200 CEO’s





MIT Sloan












NYU Stern

















In the past 100 years, Harvard has been the most popular destination for those interested in an MBA. Of course, the MBA was a completely different animal just 20 years ago. Back then, most students went directly out of college, and the competition and prestige were nothing like it is today. It is worth noting that only 79 CEO’s in the Fortune 200 had MBA degrees at all – but the MBA accounted for more than two-thirds of all graduate degrees held by these CEO’s. Although Wharton only had 1 CEO in the Fortune 200, they have historically had more, and this particular ranking is always in a state of flux.

The rest of this document will focus on the top 5 programs, but the same principles apply to the admissions process at most top 10 or top 20 programs.

Keys to Admission

Your GMAT score, undergraduate GPA, and the number of years of work experience you possess are the primary quantitative indicators used by business school admissions committees. Here is how the top 5 schools stack up on those measures:

Business School

Median GMAT

Median GPA

Mean Work Experience (Years)





MIT Sloan
















As of this writing, this means that more than half of all students attending these schools scored in the top 5% of all GMAT test takers worldwide. It also means that somewhat less than half did not. The GMAT is the primary indicator of raw intellectual ability considered by admissions committees, since it is standardized, and offers an objective – albeit incomplete – measure of ability between students from different colleges and majors. If you are lower than your target school’s average on any of these measures, it should be compensated by all of the other areas. In other words, if you expect to get in to Wharton with only 2 years of full-time work experience, you should have a very high GMAT score and GPA amongst other things.

Retaking the GMAT – this is only useful if your highest score is below your target school’s median. Retaking the GMAT to get a 730 when you already have a 710 is reasonably meaningless and shows you to be focused on the wrong things. Of course, getting a 720 after previously scoring a 670 may greatly help your candidacy. While most schools say you can take the GMAT as many times as you want, you should never take the test without proper preparation, as the entire process can be quite arduous. Prepare by taking practice tests – particularly CAT simulations – and if you find that you are not scoring 700+ with regularity, you should consider taking a course to prepare.

Although admissions committees at top schools say that a low GMAT score won’t keep you out, those who get in with scores in the low 600’s are almost certainly exceptional cases. If you are the average candidate without any internationally impressive accomplishments, a low GMAT score almost guarantees you a dreaded “ding” letter. On the other hand, for the candidate who is average in all other respects, a 790 isn’t much different from a 740 from the school’s point of view. Most schools will admit two otherwise similar candidates with disparate but high GMAT scores based on characteristics other than the GMAT. As for the people who get in with scores from 650 to 700, admissions can be frustratingly random – even more so than for everyone else.

While the overall GMAT score is what will be counted most heavily, the quantitative score is more important for applicants with non-technical backgrounds while the verbal score is examined more closely for applicants from foreign countries and those with science or engineering degrees. Schools are merely looking for the assurance that a candidate will be able to both crunch numbers and communicate well. Assuming that the overall GMAT score is alright, only a seriously low score on the section that will be examined most closely for a given candidate would be a liability. For example, if you are a native english speaker and have good grades from an Ivy League college in Literature, they probably won’t be too concerned about a low score on the verbal section, and just consider it an aberration. However, a low score on the quantitative section – regardless of how strong your combined GMAT score is – could be a major liability. The AWA score is not important for most applicants, and is not factored into the overall GMAT score anyway. In some cases, the actual text of the AWA section might be compared to an applicant’s essays if the schools are skeptical about either’s authenticity.

How the GPA is evaluated – top business schools are not as focused on undergraduate grades as other professional programs. If you have a 99th percentile LSAT score, and a 4.0 GPA in Political Science from Princeton, you will almost definitely get into Yale Law School. If you score 9.2 on the MCAT and graduate with a 3.4 in music, you will almost definitely not get into Johns Hopkins Medical School. On the other hand, if you graduate first in your class in finance at NYU, get a 780 on the GMAT, and work at Boston Consulting Group for three years, the admissions committee at Stanford Business School could decide they’ve already let in enough people like you, and the spot could go to someone with a 3.2 GPA in English who worked in a NGO in Africa. The bottom line is that if you are still in school, you should try to get the very best grades you can, but afterwards you just have to live with them. If you did poorly in undergraduate, good graduate degree grades help offset the impression that you’re incapable of getting good grades, but they don’t undo the damage your GPA does to the school’s average. Thus, letting you in becomes a very context and timing-driven judgment call.

Essays – there are typically two to seven essay questions in each application, with between 2000 and 3000 words required in total. While the first application will take you the longest, and you can cut-and-paste many paragraphs into subsequent essays, overall the differing nature of school’s questions will require you to spend many days on each package to create a satisfactory product. The essays are your primary opportunity to convince the school to let you in. They will evaluate you on two dimensions: what you will bring to the school as an MBA student, and what you will bring to the school as an alumnus. The second criterion is obviously the most important. Schools are trying to select the applicants they believe will be the most successful in their careers based on their backgrounds and accomplishments to date. Put another way, the 10-20% of applicants who get into a top business school are the ones who least needed the top MBA degree to succeed in their careers. Ironic, but true.

Of course, most of the applicants to top schools are reasonably successful in their careers already, so your essays need to distinguish you from others in your peer group. Your peer group – those applicants who are most like you – is who you are competing against primarily. For example, any top school could fill up their entire class with analysts from consulting firms with high GMAT scores and GPA’s. But they won’t. Instead, they will have a certain number of spots for such applicants, and someone who was a sculptor would not be competing for one of those spaces. This makes some peer groups more competitive than others in any given year. Most schools will say that every candidate competes against every other candidate, and from a certain point of view this is true. Someone could be a consultant, and even though they have already let in more consultants than they would like, he could bring something so special to the class from other experiences that they decide to let him in too. But in such a situation, the candidate likely won’t get in on strong numbers alone.

Your essays also give the school a sense of your personality. They want to see how you work your argument and the reasons they should admit you into your writing – while still answering their questions directly. They want you to be able to list and explain your accomplishments without being boastful or off-topic. These are, of course, the same skills you will need to be successful in your career after graduation.

Many people have taken to using admissions and essay consultants, and most schools will tell you that they discourage this. It is our opinion that the vast majority of successful candidates do not use paid essay editing services, and the majority of those who do use such services do not get in. This makes sense, of course – the people that need those services the most are the weakest candidates, and they’re on their own when it comes to a final interview. But beyond that, admissions consultants are invariably not the kind of people that a candidate to a top school wants advice from. Most did not ever attend a top business school themselves, and those few that did were essentially not successful enough to find reasonable jobs afterwards – and thus got into the essay editing business. We encourage you to get someone else to look at your essays and make suggestions, but pick someone who isn’t being paid on the basis of how much of your time they take, or how many changes they suggest you make. Perhaps there’s nothing wrong with your essays at all!

On the other hand, you should collect as much information and advice on the admissions process as you can, but always take it with a grain of salt. An unsuccessful applicant may not always be right about why they didn’t get in, but alumni of a given school can usually give you a pretty accurate picture of what it takes to get in. Written information sources are also essential, and this guide assumes that you’ve probably already picked up Richard Montauk’s excellent book, “How to Get Into The Top MBA Programs”. Although his advice is more generic – and thus applicable to any MBA program, but not customized for the truly best programs – you need to learn everything about the process. You should use that book with this guide to tune your application for top 5 schools.

Recommendations – these are most certainly the least important part of your application, but you shouldn’t discount them. They should reinforce what their rest of your package says, and provide the opinion of a real person who knows you very well and can answer the school’s questions directly and honestly. Every school will tell you this, and you should listen. The truth is that school’s know that many applicants write their own recommendations and just get their recommenders to sign and send them.

When to apply – the earlier the better, in general. Schools have either 2 or 3 application deadlines (rounds) and round 3 is almost always incredibly difficult to get in. This is just because statistically, there are very few spots left open by the third round. While some people believe that round 2 can be best for candidates without extremely strong backgrounds, it’s our belief that the first round is the best if you can get your application up to a desirable standard of quality in time.

The Interview – Harvard, Sloan, Stanford and Wharton all interview candidates by invitation only. This means that if you receive an interview – and at Harvard and Sloan, nearly all accepted candidates are required to interview – then this is your last and best opportunity to convince the admissions committee that you are someone they would like to have at their school. At Kellogg, all applicants are required to interview, so this changes the dynamic of the session significantly. Instead of the interview being an opportunity for you to address any weaknesses and convince them to let you in, it is merely another data point taken with the rest of your application. Put another way, a strong interview at Kellogg can’t get you in – but a weak interview can, and will, keep you out.


Attending one of the top business schools in the United States is really an amazing experience that we would recommend to anyone. Our classmates from business school are some of our closest friends, and the value of the network after graduation is immeasurable. We believe that you will be best served by attending the very best school you can get into, so never set your sights too low for reasons of expense, geography or other hassles.

Take a risk, and apply to some great programs – you won’t regret it.

Good luck!

Harvard Business School

Harvard University

Boston, Massachusetts



Harvard is obsessed with leadership, and they are looking for indications of leadership ability in each of their candidates. This can be in the form of managerial work experience, extracurricular activities, or initiative taken in other forms. What is more important than demonstrated leadership is to convince them that you have the capability for taking on great responsibility and taking charge of a situation in the future. Harvard is considered the #1 general management school by US News (and most of the world), so personal well-roundedness is key.


George W. Bush, President, United States of America

Louis Gerstner, former Chairman, IBM Corporation

Rajat Gupta, former Worldwide Managing Director, McKinsey & Company

Jeffrey Immelt, CEO, General Electric Company

Jeff Skilling, former CEO, Enron Corporation


Application Rounds: 3

Class Size: 910

Applicants: 8,893

Waitlist Size: NOT RELEASED

Waitlist Acceptance Rate: NOT RELEASED


Annual budget: $54,800

Guaranteed loans available for all students.


BusinessWeek Profile


Harvard MBA Admissions


Kellogg School of Management

Northwestern University

Evanston, Illinois



Kellogg believes that teamwork is what builds great organizations, and the ability to work with, and co-exist with others in the business school environment is their primary screening criterion. Kellogg is ranked as the #1 school for marketing, so communications ability and softer skills are more valued here – and expected – than at other top programs. As was mentioned earlier, the interview has a different nature at Kellogg than at other schools, and they want to see if you are the Kellogg “type”, and excited about their program specifically.


Michael Borman, President, Blue Martini Software

Leland Brendsel, CEO, Freddie Mac

John Hoeven, Governor, State of North Dakota

James Keyes, CEO, Johnson Controls

Locke Burt, Senator, State of Florida


Application Rounds: 3

Class Size: 625

Applicants: 6,039

Waitlist Size: NOT RELEASED

Waitlist Acceptance Rate: NOT RELEASED


Annual budget: $52,533

Guaranteed loans available for all students.


BusinessWeek Profile


Kellogg MBA Admissions


MIT Sloan School of Management

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Cambridge, Massachusetts



Sloan wants to admit a class of innovators. What is most important is to convince the admissions committee that your career will involve having a great impact on your organization or industry, and that you have the creativity and courage to take it on great challenges. Sloan is ranked the #1 school for technology, operations management and quantitative analysis, so strong business analytical skills are expected, but communications ability is what distinguishes successful applicants.


Kofi Annan, Secretary-General, United Nations

Carly Fiorina, former CEO, Hewlett-Packard Corporation

William Clay Ford, CEO, Ford Motor Company

Benjamin Netanyahu, former Prime Minister, Israel

John Reed, Chairman, New York Stock Exchange


Application Rounds: 2

Class Size: 319

Applicants: 2,940

Waitlist Size: 208

Waitlist Acceptance Rate: 15%


Annual budget: $55,310

Guaranteed loans available for all students.


BusinessWeek Profile


Sloan MBA Admissions


Stanford Graduate School of Business

Stanford University

Stanford, California



With the highest average GMAT score in the world and the lowest acceptance rate, Stanford is the most difficult business school to gain admission into on the basis of numbers alone. That being said, they have a very diverse class mix and a balance curriculum that emphasizes both hard and soft skills. The key to admission is convincing the committee that you are bringing something unique to the class. While Stanford is not ranked #1 in any sub-specialty, it is strong in many areas.


Steve Ballmer, CEO, Microsoft Corporation (dropped out after 1 year)

John Donahoe, former Worldwide Managing Director, Bain & Company

Philip Knight, CEO, Nike Corporation

Scott McNealy, CEO, Sun Microsystems

Charles Schwab, Chairman, Charles Schwab Corporation


Application Rounds: 3

Class Size: 378

Applicants: 5,253

Waitlist Size: 243

Waitlist Acceptance Rate: 9%


Annual budget: $48,012

Guaranteed loans available for all students.


BusinessWeek Profile


Stanford MBA Admissions


Wharton School

University of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania



The Wharton School is ranked as the #1 school in finance and accounting, and their emphasis is definitely on business fundamentals. Although the class has the same number of years of work experience as at other top programs, the average age skews a little higher, and thus maturity is definitely valued by the admissions committee. The admissions committee at Wharton is looking for talented, hard-working individuals that have achieved a great deal but are not arrogant about it.


Reginald Jones, former CEO, General Electric Company

Shaun O’Malley, former Chairman, PriceWaterhouseCoopers, LLP

Louis Platt, former CEO, Hewlett-Packard Corporation

Donald Trump, CEO, Trump Organization

Gary Wilson, Chairman, Northwest Airlines


Application Rounds: 3

Class Size: 771

Applicants: 7,274

Waitlist Size: 371

Waitlist Acceptance Rate: 23%


Annual budget: $59,728

Guaranteed loans available for all students.


BusinessWeek Profile


Wharton MBA Admissions




Average MBA Starting Salaries

Ranking of MBA Programs – Based on Placement and Average Earnings

MBA – American Universities With Financial Help

Business School Essay Topics

Are Green-Horn Applicants Acceptable by Business Schools?

WSJ Rankings Comparison of Top Business Schools

Career Enhancement Potential’ Ranking of Business Schools-Financial Times

Top Business Schools – WSJ Ranking 2007

Recruiters’ Top MBA

Comments about The Best B-Schools of 2006

B-Schools Ranking – Placement within 3 months

All You Wanted to Know about Top MBA Programs – BW


Canadian MBA

Pre-Law Programs

The following colleges offer pre law programs for undergraduate students 
Abilene Christian University
Albany State University
Allegheny College
Alma College
American Jewish University
Arizona State University
Babson College
Ball State University
Barry University
Bay Path College
Benedictine University
Bennington College
Bethel College
Bowling Green State University
California Lutheran University
Calvin College
Campbell University
Carroll College
Catawba College
Cedarville University
Central Christian College
Central Michigan University
Charleston Southern University
Clarkson University
Clearwater Christian College
College of St. Mary
College of the Atlantic
College of the Ozarks
Columbia Union College
Concordia University
Concordia University
Corban College
Cornerstone University
Creighton University
Crichton College
Crown College
Dalhousie University
DeSales University
Defiance College
Dickinson College
Dillard University
Dominican College of Blauvelt
Dominican University of California
Drury University
Eastern Connecticut State University
Eastern Michigan University
Eastern Nazarene College
Emmanuel College
Fontbonne University
Framingham State College
Gannon University
Hamline University
Hardin-Simmons University
Hofstra University
Howard Payne University
Huntington University
Iowa Wesleyan College
Juniata College
Kent State University
Kettering University
La Roche College
Lambuth University
Lasell College
Lawrence University
Liberty University
Limestone College
Lindenwood University
Lipscomb University
Louisiana College
MacMurray College
Madonna University
Mansfield University of Pennsylvania
Marlboro College
Maryville University of St. Louis
Mercy College
Michigan State University
Midwestern State University
Millikin University
Mississippi College
Mitchell College
Monmouth College
Mount Mary College
National American University
National University
New England College
Newman University
Northern Arizona University
Northern Michigan University
Northwest University
Notre Dame College of Ohio
Nova Southeastern University
Ohio State University–Columbus
Ohio Wesleyan University
Oklahoma Baptist University
Oklahoma Christian University
Oklahoma Wesleyan University
Olivet Nazarene University
Oral Roberts University
Ouachita Baptist University
Pacific Lutheran University
Palm Beach Atlantic University
Pfeiffer University
Philadelphia University
Presbyterian College
Purdue University–West Lafayette
Regis University
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Rochester Institute of Technology
Rockford College
Roger Williams University
SUNY College–Old Westbury
SUNY College–Oneonta
Sacred Heart University
Schreiner University
Simpson College
Southwestern Adventist University
Spelman College
Spring Hill College
St. Ambrose University
St. Augustine’s College
St. Bonaventure University
St. Francis University
St. Gregory’s University
St. Joseph’s College
Stephens College
Suffolk University
Test School
Thiel College
Thomas More College
Toccoa Falls College
Tougaloo College
Towson University
Trinity International University
Union College
University of California–Santa Barbara
University of Dayton
University of Illinois–Urbana-Champaign
University of Iowa
University of Maryland–College Park
University of Maryland–Eastern Shore
University of Missouri–Rolla
University of Montevallo
University of Nevada–Las Vegas
University of Pittsburgh–Johnstown
University of St. Thomas
University of Tampa
University of Toledo
University of Wisconsin–Superior
Utah State University
Vanguard University of Southern California
Virginia Intermont College
Washburn University
Washington and Jefferson College
Webber International University
West Texas A&M University
West Virginia Wesleyan College
Westminster College
Wheaton College
Widener University
Wilmington College
Winona State University
York College of Pennsylvania
Youngstown State University

Law School Admissions: Your Questions Answered

The following questions were answered by Drusilla Bakert, Associate Dean for Admissions at University of Kentucky College of  Law and a graduate of Harvard Law School. 

Q.  How Can I Prepare Successfully for the LSAT? Q.  When should I take the LSAT?

A.  The LSAT is given four times annually: June/July, late September/early October, December and February. The earliest you should take the LSAT is the summer before your senior year of college. Of the four test dates for any given admissions year, you should take the LSAT on the earliest date that you can be completely prepared. That way, if you need to cancel your score, change the test date or retake the test, you have given yourself the leeway to do so. If you are presently a junior in college, be thinking ahead and plan your schedule so that you will have time to prepare either in the spring for the summer LSAT, in the summer for the fall LSAT or in the fall for the December LSAT. Because February scores are received when most schools have already made the bulk of their admissions decisions, you should not wait until February to take the LSAT for fall admission unless that is the only date for which you can be fully prepared.

Q.  How should I prepare for the LSAT?

A.  Prepare for the LSAT by taking practice questions over and over again until you are familiar with the types of questions asked in each LSAT section. Start by reading the sample questions in the LSAT booklet for the three LSAT question types (logical reasoning, analytical reasoning and reading comprehension) and the explanations for the correct answers. Then take the complete sample LSAT in the booklet without timing yourself. Grading the sample test will give you an idea of which sections will give you the most difficulty on the actual test. Then take sample questions over and over again, comparing your answers with the correct ones until you have a sense of the logic behind the test and how to approach each question type. Follow that up by taking individual test sections under timed conditions. Use more than one test preparation book from more than one source so that you can essentially “cross-train” for the LSAT with advice and test preparation tips from different sources. I recommend that you get to a point where you can complete a section, in the comfort of your own home, in 32 minutes or less (you will have 35 minutes per section on the test). This will give you some additional time to use when taking the LSAT to get over your nerves, to work on a question that really throws you, etc. In the weeks right before the test, take several complete LSATs under timed conditions to build endurance. The LSAT is like an Olympics for your brain – only careful, strenuous preparation over a long period of time will train your brain for the rigors of the LSAT.Q.  What test preparation materials should I use?
A.  There are a lot of LSAT preparation materials available. The LSAT is not offered in computer format, so you do not need to buy preparation in a CD-ROM format unless you prefer that. If you do use computerized prep materials, be sure to do some practice tests on paper to adjust to having only small margins for notes, diagrams for the analytical reasoning section, etc. A prep course can be helpful if you historically have not done well on standardized tests, you get very nervous about taking such tests, or you know that you will not take the time to study without paying for a prep course. However, if you do not have the funds to pay for a prep course you can use the test preparation books, old LSATs you can order from LSAC and other written materials to prepare on your own – simply mark aside a few hours each week for test preparation until the month before the test, when you should increase your preparation time to 1-2 hours each day (more in the week or two before the test). Whatever outside preparation materials you use, be sure to order some of the actual old LSATs, which are only available from Law Services, particularly the 10-pack of old tests and 3 or 4 of the most recent tests given: they may be the most similar to the LSAT you will take. The Triple Prep Plus (3 old tests, with answers and explanations from the people who write the test) is also particularly helpful. Order information is included in the LSAT/LSDAS registration & information booklet or at the Law Services website, http://www.LSAC.org
Q.  What should I do if I’m not happy with my LSAT score?
A.  Everyone walks out of the LSAT thinking that they did not perform up to their potential. However, if you are certain that you did not do well (you did not have time to reason through your answers at the end of most of the sections, much of the test is a blur, you were feeling ill that day, etc.), think very seriously about canceling your score, which you can do at the test center, or for up to 5 working days after you take the test. Law schools will only see the date you sat for the test and a line where your score would have been, and will not hold this against you. This way you avoid having a low score that may be averaged with your other LSAT score(s).
In 2006 the American Bar Association changed its rules requring law schools to use the average LSAT score in most cases. Beginning for fall 2007, if you have multiple LSAT scores, the UK Law Admissions Committee will consider only your highest score if that score appears to be a better predictor of your performance in law school than your average score. .
If you keep your score and it is lower than expected, evaluate whether you have time to retake the LSAT and what you can do to improve your preparation. If you did not finish a section, or did particularly poorly in one area, then refining your study techniques could result in enough of an improvement to make it worthwhile to retake the LSAT. If you used only commercial test materials and did not use any actual old LSATs, then you may want to purchase those from Law Services and prepare again – many students who use other prep materials do better on those sample tests than on actual LSAT questions. While many candidates who retake do not improve their LSAT score significantly, some candidates improve by ten points or better.
Finally, check out the admissions grid for the school or schools in which you are most interested, that indicates possibility of admission using LSATs and GPAs. To check out UK Law’s grid, click here. You may find that you are still in the range of candidates your preferred schools typically admit, even with a lower score than expected. If you are not, then you may need to retake the LSAT to be competitive for those schools, or rethink the schools to which you plan to apply.
Q.  How is the LSAT score used in the Admissions Process?
A.  The LSAT is the only standardized measure that law schools have to predict law school performance. Every student’s undergraduate record is different, even when students have the same major and attend the same undergraduate school. In fact, studies have shown that the LSAT is the best single predictor of first-year law school performance, while the best overall predictor of law school performance is a combination of the LSAT and undergraduate GPA. This is why so many schools use an index combining these two factors in the admissions process. While the LSAT is an important part of the admissions process for every law school, schools use the LSAT as only one factor to consider, along with undergraduate performance, writing skills, community involvement, leadership skills, obstacles overcome prior to law school, career achievements prior to law school, etc. In 2006 the American Bar Association changed its rules requring law schools to use the average LSAT score in most cases. Beginning for fall 2007, if you have multiple LSAT scores, the UK Law Admissions Committee will consider only your highest score if that score appears to be a better predictor of your performance in law school than your average score. .
Q.  How do law schools use the LSAT writing sample?
A.  Law schools vary in how carefully they review the LSAT writing sample, depending on their admissions process and the number of applications received. Some schools will compare the writing style in the sample to the personal statement to ensure that the same person wrote both. Many schools review the statement for an idea of how well you write under pressure – the same conditions under which you will be writing law school exams. To do well, think before you write (perhaps do a quick outline), use your clearest print (so that faculty reading your writing sample won’t worry that you’ll write messy exam answers), use short, declarative sentences to describe your reasons for picking one option over the other (it really doesn’t matter which) and make your answer two-sided by addressing not only why you picked one option but why you did not pick the other. Your LSAT writing sample will be reviewed most carefully by those law schools where your academic credentials place you in the possible, but not certain, admit category.
Q.  What is the LSDAS Report, and Why is it Important? What is the LSDAS report?
A.  Starting for Fall 2007 and at no charge to the candidate, the LSDAS Service will evaluate the credentials of any applicant who attended undergraduate school outside the U.S. or Canada for UK Law and other schools that have requested that service.
The LSDAS , or Law School Data Assembly Service, sends law schools a report with your LSAT score(s) and undergraduate transcript(s), and copies of transcripts for any graduate work or work at another law school if provided. The LSDAS report also includes a breakdown of your undergraduate record by semester and information about how your LSAT score(s) and undergraduate record(s) compare with other students from your degree-granting undergraduate school.
Q.  When should I register for LSDAS?
A.  You should register for LSDAS in the year that you will be applying to law schools. The service will last for five years (with payment of update fees), so if you decide to wait a year or two to apply you will still be in the LSDAS system. If you know that you will be applying to law school within the year that you take the LSAT, it is easiest to register for both at the same time. Most law schools, including UK Law, require that you register for LSDAS.

Q.  How do law schools receive my LSDAS report?
A.  When a law school receives your application, the school will then order your LSDAS report from Law Services. This means that, for example, if you have applied to five law schools but only paid LSDAS fees for four law school reports, then the first four schools that request your report will receive it and the fifth will not. The moral is, be sure to pay for as many law schools as you plan to apply to, and if you apply to additional schools you will need to pay additional LSDAS fees. Your report is sent out to the schools after you have a reportable LSAT score and your undergraduate transcripts have been received.

Q.  How can my LSDAS GPA differ from my college GPA?
A.  In order to be a consistent measure of performance from candidate to candidate, the LSDAS report includes all grades taken at all schools toward your undergraduate degree. This means that if you attended more than one college or university (or took summer school classes at another school or in a summer abroad program) those grades will be included in calculating your GPA, and not just the grades from your degree-granting institution. If you have opted for a retake option on a particular class (foe example, you flunked chemistry and then decided not to go to med school!) both the original grade and the retake grade will be included in your LSDAS GPA. And if your undergraduate GPA is not on a 4.0 scale, it will be converted to that scale for the LSDAS report.

Q.  Should I follow up on the status of my LSDAS report?
A.  Yes. You can check the status of your LSAC file online at http://www.LSAT.org (external website), “Online Services.” If you have requested transcripts from your undergraduate schools and they have not all been received by Law Services, then follow up to make sure the transcripts were sent. Law schools will not be able to act on your application for admission without an LSDAS report, so it is important to make sure your file is complete.

Q.  How do law schools evaluate my undergraduate performance?
A.  Law schools look very carefully at your undergraduate performance to determine how well prepared you are for law school, and to try to predict how well you will perform as a law student. Schools will consider the difficulty of your courses and major, the number of upper-level courses you took as an undergraduate, whether your GPA was at the same level throughout, improving or declining, whether two semesters in the wrong major pulled down your overall GPA, etc. etc. Law schools also note if a candidate had a large number of withdraws on a transcript, indicating that he or she may have been “shopping” for easier course work. A lower GPA in a more demanding major can be a better measure of your ability than a high GPA in a program that does not require the analytical ability or the reading and writing skills demanded in law school.

Q.  What if I am in a particularly hard program or major, and my grades reflect that?
A.  Some programs are more difficult on their face – molecular biology, for example–and require no explanation for a lower GPA. But if your degree is from a program known to be difficult at your particular college, but perhaps not in the world at large, be sure to include a letter of recommendation from a faculty member who can explain why your undergraduate work should be given particular weight, even if your grades are not as high as that law school generally admits.

Q.  What if I had one bad semester that really pulled down my GPA?
A.  Most law schools will see the breakdown by semester when they review the LSDAS report. But if you have particular reason for the bad semester (a personal problem, family illness, etc.) you should include a statement explaining what happened to your grades as an addendum to your application. Do not try to explain the problem in your personal statement, which should be reserved for positive information about you and what you can offer that law school (See FAQ on Personal Statements).

Q.  What if I attended a lot of undergraduate schools to obtain my degree?
A.  If you have attended more than two undergraduate schools (exclusive of summer abroad programs) and there is a reason for that (spouse in the military, etc.) then include an explanation as an addendum to your application. Faculty members reviewing your application may look askance at your transcript if you have moved from school to school and not included an explanation for that.

Q.  How do law schools evaluate post-graduate work?
A.  Law schools vary in the way that they evaluate studies after undergraduate school. Some will overlook a less-than-stellar undergraduate career if the candidate has done well more recently in graduate-level courses, even if not taken for a degree. Others will not give much weight to graduate courses unless a degree is obtained. At UK Law graduate work will be considered in the admissions process, but is not given the same weight as the undergraduate degree work.

Q.  What if I have already attended another law school?
A.  This needs to be fully disclosed in the admissions process and your reasons for leaving explained in full. You will probably be asked to provide law school transcripts and a letter from that school confirming your status there and reasons for leaving.

Q.  When should I update my LSDAS report, and how?
A.  LSAC sends the updates of your LSDAS report automatically whenever you retake the LSAT within the 12 months of your subscription, when they receive letters of recommendation for you if you are using the letter of recommendation service, or when you have your undergraduate school send in an updated transcript. If you register for LSDAS and have transcript sent before fall semester grades are recorded for your senior year, some law schools may request that you send in an updated transcript before reviewing your file. Others will leave that decision to you, so if your fall grades bring up your GPA, be sure to send in an updated transcript, and if not, well, then don’t.

Q.  What undergraduate GPA do I need to be competitive at UK Law?
A.  The median GPA for the entering class at UK Law has ranged from 3.44 – 3.64 over the past few years, with the 25th percentile GPA ranging from 3.24 – 3.37 and the 75th percentile GPA ranging from 3.68 – 3.85. Candidates with a GPA of 3.50 or better have the best chance of admission to UK Law, but because every GPA is different (every GPA reflects different colleges and majors, different course selections, different grade patterns, etc.) UK Law has accepted candidates with GPA’s all over the range. For more information, see the UK Law grid.

Q.  What Do I Need to Know About Law School Application Forms? Why are all law school applications different?
A.  Every law school has a unique mission and therefore a unique admissions process. The questions on each school’s application are important to that school and its admissions committee and should be answered whenever possible. If you are applying to a number of different schools and are finding the process of completing applications burdensome, consider using LSAC’s we-based application service that enables you to complete all the basic biographical information only once and have it inserted automatically in the application forms for all of your selected schools.

Q.  What are Character and Fitness questions and how should they be answered?
A.  Law schools are interested in each candidate’s “character and fitness” to practice law because new law graduates must pass the character and fitness requirements of a particular state’s Board of Bar Examiners before being permitted to sit for the bar examination. For that reason, law school applications ask about prior disciplinary proceedings in college, prior arrests or convictions, and other questions that bear on the candidate’s moral character, reputation for truthfulness, etc. When answering these questions, be as complete and accurate as you can, and take responsibility for any prior mistakes (don’t blame your friends for a DUI arrest or your professor for an academic disciplinary problem, for example). Keep in mind that when you are a third-year student, your law school will be providing your application to the bar authorities for the state where you have chosen to sit for the bar, and the bar will investigate any discrepancies between the character and fitness answers on your law school application and your bar application. Few acts you have committed will be serious enough to keep you out of law school, but a lack of candor on the application can be a very serious matter indeed when it is time to sit for the bar. And keep in mind your duty to update your application, both after it is submitted and during your time as a law student. Also, any attorney who tells you not to report something because it was expunged or for other reasons is giving you bad advice. In this process your candor in answering is more important than the answer in almost all cases.

Q.  Why do I have to sign my law school application?
A.  By signing your application, you are verifying that all the information given is true and correct. Because a lawyer’s word is expected to be his/her bond, this is another reason to give complete information in your answers to the character and fitness questions. Again, a copy of your signed application will be provided to the bar authorities at the appropriate time.

Q.  How Can I Write an Effective Personal Statement? Why do law schools require a personal statement?
A.  Because writing skills are key to your success as a law student and a lawyer, law schools want the opportunity to evaluate your skills at writing a piece of work that is expected to be well-edited and well-thought-out. Law schools also want to learn more about the personal qualities, values, goals, and aspirations of candidates to their schools, in order to enroll as interesting and diverse a class as possible. Few law schools have the staff to conduct personal interviews for all interested candidates, and so must use the personal statement to get some feel for the individual behind the application. Rather than dreading the personal statement as the most challenging part of the admissions process (which it is), try to think of it as your opportunity to present your best qualities to the admissions committee.

Q.  How long should my personal statement be?
A.  Your personal statement should be two, or at most three, typed pages. A statement that is too short does not give the Admissions Committee ample evidence of your writing skills and looks as though you are not serious about your application to that school. A personal statement that is too long is evidence that you do not know how to edit your work, and tries the patience of the Admissions Committee.

Q.  What pitfalls do I need to avoid in writing my personal statement?
A.  When writing your personal statement, keep in mind that your audience will be law school admissions staff and/or law faculty, all of whom do a significant amount of reading and writing and have pretty high standards. Mistakes in spelling, grammar and syntax are simply not acceptable. Do not use large words simply to impress the Admissions Committee if you do not have a good understanding of their proper context.
Your personal statement should be written in the first person, but avoid beginning every sentence with “I.” Steer clear of gimmicks–your statement may be read by a 50-year-old law professor who is not amused that you have written in the format of an LSAT test segment, put your statement on video, decorated your statement with computer graphics, etc. If you want to make your statement “stand out from the crowd,” do so with short, declarative sentences, well-structure paragraphs and an interesting topic, not with purple paper or a photograph of your pet.
A pitfall in the opposite direction is to play it so safe that there is no life in your statement. Remember, this is your opportunity to tell the admissions committee something about you that they will not learn elsewhere, and if your personal statement is just a recitation of your resume you have missed that opportunity.
Finally, remember your audience – law school faculty and administrators. Law faculty are not persuaded by “I learned more in my extracurricular activities than I ever learned in class” or “Varsity football was the most valuable part of my undergraduate education.” If admissions committees were made up of coaches that might be the right idea, but as it is…

Q.  How are the best personal statements written?
A.  The best personal statements resembled short, well-crafted college essays. Write about a person who really influenced your life, an incident that caused you to consider law school, an achievement of which you are particularly proud, a trip, community service opportunity, etc. that brought you out of your daily routine and made you think about your goals and values. Limiting your statement to a full description of one particular event or activity will make it more compelling than a laundry list of your every accomplishment (see above about not reciting your resume). And always remember to use perfect spelling, grammar and syntax, short declarative sentences and well-structured paragraphs.
It is always a good idea to have someone else read your statement to make sure that you have not glossed over any mistakes in reading your own work. In fact, I would recommend having someone read your statement who you know is a good writer, a friend who is an English major, a parent who does a lot of formal writing for their job, a professor you know well, etc. If you are still in school, check to see if your college or university has a writing center. The personnel there often have a lot of experience working with candidates preparing personal statements for graduate or professional school.

Q.  What if the law school asks that I write on a particular topic?
A.  If a school requests an essay on a particular topic or in answer to a particular question, be sure to do so. The Admissions Committee will certainly notice if your essay is not on point, and will assume that you are not particularly interested in their law school.

Q.  What if the law school lets me choose my own topic?
A.  If your essay written in response to one school’s particular question is not your best work, or is not what you would prefer to write about, don’t get lazy and use it for other schools, like UK, that let you choose your topic. In fact, it is often easy to tell when a candidate has submitted to your law school an essay that was written in response to another school’s particular question (an essay about conquering adversity by a candidate who has not really faced very much, for example). Instead, pick the topic that you believe will place you in the best light or tell the most about who you really are. And if you are applying to a variety of schools for a variety of reasons, your statement will add more to your file if you think about what to write to each school individually. Yes, it is a lot more work, but if you are applying to schools where you are a borderline candidate, the hard work may make the difference in whether you are admitted.

Q.  If I am applying electronically, should I draft my personal statement on-line?
A.  Schools  have found that too many applicants are composing their personal statements while on-line. The resulting products are usually too informally written, more like e-mails than essays, and many are rife with spelling and grammatical errors. If you are applying on-line, perfect your personal statement first, checking carefully for spelling, grammatical and other errors, and then copy or attach your statement into the on-line application.
The other on-line mistakes that candidates make are: To submit the application before it is complete; to submit the application without the listed attachments (such as your personal statement or resume); or to submit the on-line application but fail to mail in the signature page and/or application fee where required. For your application to be considered, you must be sure to complete every stage of the application process.

Q.  Should I use my personal statement to explain a problem with my application?
A.  If the application does not provide any other outlet for you to include explanations, you may want to explain any problems or gaps (a poor first semester, low first LSAT score, gap in your work history, etc. ) at the end of your personal statement. However, most law schools, including UK Law, will give you the opportunity to include addenda as well as a personal statement. Because the personal statement is meant to be a positive essay about you, it is better to include any negative information or explanation for a negative part of your file in a separate addendum.

Q.  What happens if I take my personal statement from the internet, or use an on-line service to write my personal statement, and the College of Law finds out?
A. If it appears to our Admissions Committee that you have not written your own personal statement, then you will not be admitted to UK Law and you may be reported to the Law School Admissions Council so that other law schools can be notified. If we discover after you have been admitted that your personal statement was ghost-written, your offer of admission will be rescinded and you may be reported to LSAC so that other law schools can be notified. If your deception is discovered after you have started law school, you may be cited for an honor code violation and your actions may be reported to the Kentucky Board of Bar Examiners, or the bar in any other state where you may plan to practice. It simply is not worth it to use a ghost-written or plagiarized personal statement. These usually sound “canned” and are not nearly as effective as your own words would have been. UK Law expects all candidates to write their own personal statements, with minimal editing by others.

Q.  How do law schools use the personal statement in the admissions process?
A.  The personal statement is a very important part of your application. Law faculty on the admissions committee have a keen interest in the writing skills of the candidates they admit; after all, they are the ones who will be reading your essay answers in the years to come. And because law schools are interested in enrolling classes that have diverse backgrounds, experiences, goals, etc., your personal statement is your opportunity to describe what unique skills or experience you would bring to the entering class. Your personal statement will be reviewed most carefully at those law schools where your academic credentials place you in the possible, but not certain, admit category. For those schools, your personal statement can be the difference between gaining admission or being denied.

Q.  How Can I Best Use Letters of Recommendation? How many letters of recommendation should I provide?
A.  Most law schools that require letters of recommendation will specify the number of letters they wish to receive, usually two or three. If the school asks for no more than a certain number, do NOT exceed that number for any reason. For those law schools such as UK Law that do not require letters of recommendation, you should still provide two or three to strengthen your application file. Four is probably the maximum number you should ever send. If you are applying to a law school where you know that your academic credentials make your admission unlikely, you will not gain admission simply by submitting a large number of recommendation letters: pick the two or three best recommenders and ask them to write on your behalf.

Q.  Who should write my letters of recommendation?
A.  If you are applying while still in undergraduate school, or just one or two years out of school, you should always include at least one, and if possible, two letters of recommendation from faculty who have had you in class. These letters tell law faculty on the admissions committee what they most want to know: what kind of student can I expect this candidate to be in my classroom? If you have been out of school for some time but employed in a career, you should include instead letters from employers or others who have known you in a professional context. If you are considering law school after a long hiatus from both school and the work force, you may want to consider enrolling for a couple of graduate school courses first. That way you can gain faculty recommenders for your application as well as some insight into whether you need additional preparation before entering the very challenging academic atmosphere of law school.

Q.  Which professors should I ask to write for me?
A.  The best recommenders are faculty who have had you in class, and particularly those for whose class you submitted a major piece of written work. While a professor that you know in another context may be a good supplemental recommendation (someone who has served as your academic advisor or as advisor to a student group in which you are active, for example), law faculty are most interested in your class work and writing skills, so focus on professors who know those well. Your best recommender may not be the professor from whom you received the best grades: a teacher who saw your work improve over two or more semesters, or for whom you repeated a course after a first, low grade may write a great letter for you, and help explain away one of the weaknesses in your file. If you are attending a large university where it is more difficult to get to know the faculty, take more than one class from professors you particularly like or do good work for, so that they will be in a position to write a detailed recommendation for you when the time comes. While it is best to use faculty who are tenured professors, you may use someone in a non-tenured instructor position for one of your letters.

Q.  When should I ask for recommendations?
A.  If you are entering your senior year of undergraduate school and know that you plan to apply to law school, ask faculty to write recommendations for you before the end of the fall semester. That way the faculty member has time during the exam period, over the semester break, etc. to write a careful letter on your behalf. If you wait until the beginning of the spring semester to aks for letters of recommendation, you will be catching professors at their busiest time and the letters may not be as carefully written, or may not be sent until late in the admissions process. Professional contacts should be asked to write letters early in the law school admissions process also, to make sure that they have time to write the best possible letter. If the law school requests or requires that the letters come directly from the recommenders, don’t worry about having the letters arrive before your application, all schools have procedures in place to hold the letters until your application arrives.
If you are entering your senior year of undergraduate school and plan to apply for law school at some time in the future, but not this year, you may still want to ask one or two faculty to write letters on your behalf now. They will probably write better letters for you now than they will in a year or two when your work is not as fresh in their minds. Save these letters and when you are ready to apply, provide them to the professors and request that they send updated versions to law schools or the LSAC letter of recommendation service.

Q.  What is the best way to ask a professor for a letter of recommendation?
A.  First, be sure to ask for the letter no later than the end of the fall semester of your senior year (see the above answer). If you are asking for a letter from a faculty member who currently has you in class, or who knows you very well, you may not need to provide any supporting information. If you are asking a professor who taught you in a prior semester, or who only knows you as one of a large class, be sure to provide some back-up. Make an appointment with the professor and bring along a copy of the paper you wrote for his/her class for which you received a high grade, or a list of his/her classes you have taken and in what semesters. You might also bring along a resume that outlines the other activities in which you have been involved. Your resume can help the professor write a rounded portrait of your achievements as a student. One caution, however, if you provide a resume to someone who finds these letters difficult to write, they may simply recite your resume in letter form, thus not adding as much to your admissions file.

Q.  Should I ask a recommender what they will say about me?
A.  By all means. While you shouldn’t ask for “prior script approval” you do need to know if they feel able to write a positive letter for you. This is particularly important if you are asking someone who you know has seen both your good and bad sides, a professor for whom you have done some good and some sloppy work, a work supervisor with whom you have had your share of run-ins, for example. Simply ask if they feel they can write a positive letter on your behalf. If the answer is a straight-out no, then go elsewhere. If the person hedges and says, “I don’t know if I’ll have time to write a detailed letter,” or “I don’t really remember your work that well” then you should also go elsewhere; they are trying to say no in a nice way.

Q.  What type of letters are not very helpful?
A.  Letters from people who do not know you well. Such letters can in fact be detrimental, if the Admissions Committee is given the impression that you believe a letter from someone well-known, or with ties to that school, will gain you admission when your academic credentials will not. State schools such as UK frequently receive letters from political figures who clearly do not know the candidate except as a voter from their district; these are no substitute for faculty or employer letters of recommendation. Of course, if a law school’s alumnus or a political figure knows you well or has served as your employer and can speak to your strengths and talents, then by all means ask them to write a letter of recommendation on your behalf.

Q.  How should I send in my letters of recommendation?
A. Having a general letter of recommendation sent by LSAC to all the schools where you are applying can save your recommender (and his/her staff) a great deal of time and effort. Also, you can use the LSAC letters of recommendation service to send individual letters targeted to particular law schools. You may want to send targeted letters because of who wrote the letter (an alumnus of that law school with an environmental law program from an environmental lawyer, for example). Some schools, including UK, still accept recommendation letters mailed directly to the law school as well as letters sent by LSAC, but many schools are now requiring that candidates use the LSAC service.

Q.  How do law schools use letters of recommendation in the admissions process?
A.  Law schools use letters of recommendation to get an outsider’s view of you and your talents, particularly those talents you will be using in the law classroom and those that bring a diverse element to their schools. The better a person knows you and can speak to your particular talents, the more useful their letter will be to the admissions committee. Your letters of recommendation will be read most carefully at those law schools where your academic credentials place you in the possible, but not certain, admit category. For those schools, your letters of recommendation can be the difference between gaining admission or being denied.

Q.  Where Should I Apply? To how many law schools should I apply?
A.  You are the best judge of how many schools you wish to consider. The general wisdom is to apply to at least one safety school (a law school where you are pretty certain of admission and that you would be willing to attend), two or three other schools in which you are interested, and where your academic credentials place you in the “probable” range for admission, and one or two “dream schools” that you would love to attend but where you may be a stretch for admission. However, if there is only one law school in which you are really interested, and your credentials give you a very strong chance of admission, you may want to save time and money and apply only to that school.

Q.  How can I tell if my credentials are in range for a particular law school or not?
A.  Every law school has published information on its LSAT/GPA medians, 25 – 75th percentile LSATs/GPAs and usually a grid indicating the number of candidates admitted or chances of admission with an LSAT and GPA in your range of credentials. A good source for this information is the LSAC/ABA Guide to U.S. Law Schools available from the Law School Admission Council web site or your college pre-law advisor.
Generally, your have a very strong chance of admission if both your LSAT and GPA are at or above a school’s published 75th percentile credentials, a good chance of admission if your LSAT and GPA are both at or above a school’s published medians and a difficult time gaining admission if both your LSAT and GPA are below that school’s 25th percentile credentials. If your credentials are mixed, that is your LSAT or GPA is at or above the school’s published median but the other is below the median, then you have a probable chance of admission that may depend on how that law school views the quality of your undergraduate preparation, writing skills, letters of recommendation, etc. A good reason to take the LSAT as early as you can be prepared is that you will be able to judge your chance of admission at various schools before you decide where to apply.
Even if your LSAT and GPA both are below the 25th percentile credentials of your dream school, you may still want to apply, because many factors are considered in the admissions process in addition to LSAT and GPA. Keep in mind, however, that the further your credentials are from a school’s published medians, the smaller your chances of gaining admission.

Q.  Should I use law school ratings in deciding where to apply?
A.  Ratings have become a popular way of judging value in all of higher education. Keep in mind, however, that the companies publishing ratings do so to make money. A ratings system that is static from year to year does not create news or make money for those who publish ratings. Do not decide where to apply looking only at published ratings and without doing your own research on individual schools. Having said that, it is true that most ratings are based at least in part on hard information about a particular school and that school’s reputation, and so can give you some help when deciding among the options that interest you after doing your own research on law schools.

Q.  Should I apply based upon a law school’s specialty programs?
A.  If you are absolutely certain of the area of law in which you plan to practice, or have a particular background that you plan to combine with your law degree, then it makes sense for you to consider schools that are strong in, or at least offer course work in, your chosen area. Keep in mind, however, that the J. D. is intended as a general degree, and you should take a broad range of courses in law school. Many law schools may offer the courses you need for a particular practice area without specifically designating that area as a specialty. Keep in mind also that many, many candidates change their minds about their practice areas of interest after taking law school courses or after their summer work experiences. Don’t choose a law school in which you would not otherwise be interested solely because they have designated a specialty program in the area where you currently think you would like to practice.

Q.  Is it an advantage to apply early?
A.  Not necessarily. Admissions is essentially a balancing act, in which the Admissions Committee weighs the good points and bad points of each candidate’s application. At the Committee’s early meetings, only those candidates with very strong admissions files (good LSAT and GPA, well-written personal statement, etc.) will be admitted. Those candidates who present particularly weak files will be denied admission at that point. Many candidates whose files are a mix of good news and bad will be placed on hold; that is, their file will be considered again later in the process when they can be compared with other applicants. In short, it is better to present a complete, well-prepared application later in the process than to race to submit a poorly-prepared application that could lead to an early deny.

Admission Sync Revisited

What should I look for before selecting a program?

· Eligibility criteria
· Financial implications
· Availability of financial aid for the program
· TOEFL/GRE/GMAT/SAT scores required
· Recognition and validity of the program
· Job opportunities on completion of the program
· Future career prospects.

Which University should I join?

Very good question! You need to evaluate every University individually and observe the following:
· Does it offer the program of your choice?
· Is it recognized or accredited?
· Admission and Academic Requirements
· Minimum TOEFL/GRE/GMAT/SAT/ scores required
· On campus and off campus jobs
· Job opportunities on completion of the program
· Financial Aid/Scholarships/Assistantships offered
· Campus Life
· Proximity of the campus to the nearest city etc.

What other criteria in an institution should an International  student look for before deciding to apply to it?
If you are keen on teaching assistantship at least in second or the third semester you should choose University with large Undergraduate population and which also offers Undergraduate courses. Many students make mistake by applying to the
smaller Institutes that offers only graduate courses.

Where do I get all this information?
Come to Admission Source with its vast experience and access to up-to-date information on foreign Universities, which is essential before applying. It is very difficult for a student to gather such information all by himself in absence of such information a student can land in a wrong program or in a wrong college or in a wrong city that could seriously affect his career. Admission Source will help you select the right program and college with the assistance of latest information we have on foreign Universities, thereby saving you precious time and money. And
most of your entire career is safe in the hands of real professionals. Admission Source’s unique personalized counseling makes the difference.

What are the services of Admission Source?
Admission Source offers the following services:
Individual Counseling: Admission Source shall provide you individual counseling till you are admitted.
Selection of programs: We will advise the colleges that offer programs most useful for your career advancement.

Selection of Universities: We assess your academic records and help you understand the criteria for admission at various American/Canadian Universities. We recommend only Universities recognized and accredited by ABET, NAAB, ASLA, AACSB.

Scholarships: Admission Source will help you to apply for any merit aid and scholarships that you may be eligible for. If you are applying to a graduate school, it may be possible to find
institutions that will offer you fellowships or assistantships

What are the programs Admission Source can get admission into?

You name it we have it. Engineering, Management, Computer Science, Mass Communication, Fashion Merchandising, Hotel and Restaurant Management, Clinical Nutrition, Immunology, Molecular Biology, Biochemistry are just some of the 600 programs, which Admission Source offers.

What is the Universities Admission source can get admissions? Please ask for the List of Universities. Our students are admitted to only top universities. Unlike others we only apply to universities, which are ranked.

How the systems of applying with Admission Source really work and how successful are we?

The system of applying to Universities abroad is very complicated and takes a lot of time, money and load of paper work. To address these difficulties we have devised a Common Admission Source Process. Our experts are aware of what the Universities are looking for and do the total marketing of the student application.

Why should I apply through Admission Source when I could apply on my own?
Sure. You could apply on your own as well to your desired list of Universities. But you have nothing to lose when you apply through Admission Source. For our working is so managed that the cost of applying directly shall also work out to same amount as applying through us. In addition you get all the backup facilities from us. Admission Source, being a not for Profit Organization, gives the best value.

Are Admission Source Universities fully accredited and recognized?

All Universities recommended by us are fully accredited and recognized by various accreditation bodies and organization.

What are the Standardized Tests?

Standardized Tests are tests conducted by the Educational Testing Service, USA also called the College Board, ETS. There are several tests for students at various academic levels, some of them being TOEFL, SAT, GRE, GMAT. Standardized Tests.

Specifically, when should one ideally take the standardized Tests?

Students seeking admission in the Undergraduate courses are advised to take SAT and TOEFL latest by November of the year in which they enter 12th standard, preferably in July. Student seeking admission in Graduate course in September should take GMAT and GRE in or before November of the previous year. Taking this test only in December of the previous year will restrict the number of Universities in which you can apply.

Are there any Universities in the United States that would not require or waive the Standardized Tests?

TOEFL is a non-escapable examination for International students from countries other than whose mother tongue is English. However Admission Source has been successful in tracing certain US Universities that would not require you to have the scores of these standardized exams other than TOEFL at the time of your admissions, but they would require you to appear for these exams during the first year of the study. These Universities are less in number and may be limited to only certain programs and courses of study.

What is acceptance rate and how does it influence a student in selection of a University to apply?

Students often think that Universities that are hard to get in are necessarily better than the other ones. This is a major myth among students. Some US Universities are so big and philanthropically funded that they could take in as much as 30,000 – 40,000 students a year. This means they would take in an applicant if he/she meets the minimum admissions criteria and academic standing. Yet these Universities remain to be one of the best in the world today. Other Universities may be small and acutely funded resulting in smaller class and a less number intake.
Thus they wish to pick only the best from the total pool of applicants, and here you “find yourself rejected” and admiring all your life if only you could get into that school. Choosing Universities could be so difficult and students many times realize later on in their life, how much it counts to choose the right University for you. Remember “Harvard” or “Princeton” may be the worst of the places you could go for your personal student profile.

What are the various stages of application process for admission in US University and their time frame?

If you are interested in applying in the Fall Semester in 2004 the following should be your timetable:
Initial contact with University: JUNE – SEP, 2003
Taking entrance test: APRIL – DEC, 2003
Sending the complete application form: OCT – FEB, 2003
Receiving of admission letter: APRIL 2003
Visa application: JUNE 2003

Can there be a break in continuity in education before one seeks admission in MBA, MA, and MS?

YES, unlike in India when the general practice is for student to go directly from B.A/B.Com/B.Sc to M.A/M.Com/M.Sc/ MBA a large number of US students take up employment for a year or two immediately after the Under-graduation, and come back to University only later for their Master’s degree.

Do International students have options in funding their education?

Yes. There are proven and tested possibilities of funding your education without stress.

BANK LOANS: Many local banks in your hometown would be ready to provide you with a bank loan for the entire length of your studies abroad. If you have a relative living in America and who is willing to stand guarantee you can easily get a loan from an American financial institution. In addition ASSISTANTSHIP OR SCHOLARSHIP are available for Graduate Applicants as discussed below.

How easy is to get such finance assistantship from US Universities?

The position was quite easy till a few years back when many bright Indian students apply for admission in Graduate course received an offer of teaching assistantship along with the offer of admission. This has become quite rare in the last two to three years. Universities now days send only the letter of admission and expect student to enroll first without any financial assistantship and then take the chance in the second semester. Therefore if you propose to seek admission in the Graduate course in a US University you must prepare to pay the tuition fee and also meet your living expenses for at least one year. Otherwise your academic record should be exceptionally outstanding.

What are the types of financial assistance extended to students of US Universities? Yes.
There are proven and tested possibilities of funding your education without stress US University grants three type of financial assistance:

(I) The First one is for Under Graduate Students. Scholarships and work-study possibilities are there.
(ii) The Second is fellowship or scholarship for Graduate Students. This is a direct aid. In addition to the wavier of the tuition fees, this type of financial assistance will make available sufficient amount to the student, which will cover his living expenses. This is based on merits and does not require any reciprocal service by the student to the University except an obligation to continue to maintain a meritorious scholastic record.
(iii) The Third type of assistance also for Graduate Students. It is available to a number of Indian.


A teaching assistance. It will require you to assist a senior professor in his teaching functions or to take class for Undergraduate students or assist them in their laboratory assignment.

How much will be the monthly living expenses of an Indian student in USA?

This amount will vary with the location of the University and will depend upon whether it is a big city like New York, Chicago, and Atlanta or is a relevant smaller city like Phoenix, Cincinnati or a University town like Amherst, Purdue.

But since the price of essential food items such as milk, bread and eggs are uniform almost the difference is in the different level of house rents payable in different places. Many Universities themselves provide accommodation to the large number of students enrolled in them. Typically two to four students combine together to rent a house, each student getting an independent bedroom but sharing the other facilities. Since food cooked at home is much cheaper than the restaurant food, the home make cook by turns and share the total kitchen cost. As a thumb rule one may say that the accommodation will cost each student $200 to $250 per month. Book, travel postage etc. round will cost of $50 to $70 per month. Food will cost around $100 per month. Even one can earn around $300 per month by doing odd jobs during spare hours within the University campus.

How much is the annual tuition fees in US?

There is a wide variation in the tuition fee charged by US Universities ranging from $5000 to $30,000 for a full academic year covering 9 months. In fact the annual tuition fee in some of the reputed Universities in US is as little as $7500. Generally speaking the tuition fees is the least in Universities funded by the state governments while it is higher in private institutes. Foreign students have to pay the tuition fee as a resident of other state in USA.

What is the starting salary that a graduate degree holder can hope to get in USA?

This will depend upon your subjects and whether you take up an employment with a private company or a government or with local bodies. Generally speaking the starting salary ranges between & 30,000 to 60,000 per annum.

Can an Indian student study MBBS in USA after completing 12th standard here?

There is no Undergraduate Medical College in USA. You must complete your BS degree and then take a test known as Medical College Admission Test (MCAT). It is only on the basis of your academic records in Undergraduate course and your marks in MCAT that you can apply for admission to a medical college for doing MD.

Can a MBBS degree holder from India seek admission for higher studies in USA?

No. It is almost impossible for them to get Visa for further studies. But one can seek admission in MS/MPH or Ph.D. for which you will have to take GRE and TOEFL.

To how many colleges should one apply to ensure the admission?

This will of course depend upon the credentials you are carrying in terms of your GPA, and your scores on TOEFL, GRE or GMAT or SAT. A student who for example has been a top student of a reputed institute with a overall grade point average of above 3.5 and score over 2300 out of 2400 in GRE may perhaps choose just one top institute such as Stanford University, University of California at Berkeley or Purdue University and should be certain of admission in it. The above is of course an exceptional case. Typically an International student writes to about 20-30 institutes asking for their application form and finally applies to around 10 institutions for admission. He gets admission offers from 5 to 6 from them.

Where can I get more details about this process?

Please contact
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