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Rules To Practice Law In UK

I have been receiving enquiries asking for ways to be adopted by foreign educated lawyers to practice law in UK.

The following article should answer them and clear their doubts.

Before one indulges into seeking admission to practice law within another jurisdiction (namely, the United
Kingdom), we are first called to answer the question, to practice law as what? Barrister, Solicitor, or Legal
Executive? The UK unlike many other jurisdictions has a more flexible approach in allowing suitably and
legally qualified staff to practice law. Certainly, within the UK there is no such thing as the ‘Unauthorized
Practice of Law’ (UPL), as there is in the USA.
Within the United Kingdom, even a Paralegal is permitted to practice law, as long as he or she does not
violate or break the law (i.e. The Solicitors Act 1974, s20-23), this being a the relevant statue that expressly
permits matters affecting property and preparation of certain legal documents, which can only be carried
out by a Solicitor (by an Officer of the Supreme Court of England and Wales, and one that is admitted as a
Solicitor in accordance with The Solicitors Act 1974, s1-7). There only a few statues within United
Kingdom, which expressly make provisions and reserves matters that only a Barrister or Solicitor, can carry
With this in mind, the Barristers’ profession and Solicitors’ profession are governed, monitored and
regulated by their own respective professional bodies, the ‘Bar Council’ for Barristers (headquarters which
are based in London, Cursitor Street: http://www.barcouncil.org.uk) and ‘The Law Society of England and
Wales’ (headquarters which are based in London, Chancery Lane: http://www.lawsociety.org.uk/) for
Solicitors. In addition to this, The Institute of Legal Executives, being the professional body that represents
specialized lawyers (is based in Kempton Manor, Bedford: http://www.ilex.org.uk/).
All these professional bodies have provisions for foreign lawyers or law graduates to be eligible to practice
law within the UK. However, with this provision also comes the necessary legal academic requirement of
each professional body. For those who are engaged in international law, this certainly is an opportunity to
add prestige to their firm or individual character being qualified within another jurisdiction.
Strange as it may seem, for those who want to qualify as a Solicitor, there is no requirement per se, that you
be engaged in the practice of English Law (i.e. if you were applying for admission as an Attorney-at-Law
from the USA to the UK). If this does not strike your fancy, the Bar Council also takes the view, that if the
potential candidate has sufficient legal education within English law, but yet in another jurisdiction, they
can claim exemptions on all five heads of the ‘Aptitude Test’ (AT), which is the qualifying transfer test to
become a Barrister in the UK


3 Responses

  1. I am a UK law student looking to practice in Florida. I finish university in June 2008. Where can I find firms who will take me on as an intern for a year or who may take me on and maybe train me within the firm?Is this even possible?

  2. i am a qulaified indian advocate working for an UK law firm and also cleared QLTT exam and now want to enrolled as Solicitor. however, please advice me if working for a UK law firm will be breaching any Solicitors rules.

  3. Good question Ashima,
    I too qualified Indian Advocate … cleared the QLTT applied to enroll my name on the Rolls of Solicitors of England & Wales.
    I am currently working with an LPO, however I work via for a US Law firm through an Indian organisation. But may be in future I may/might have to work for a UK law firm. The answer will also add knowledge to me also.

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