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How a Grade/Mark Average or Percentage is calculated on a Non-4.0 Scale

Here is a an explanation given by Arizona State University on it’s web site about different scales of grading.

Know the grading scale for your school. Most international institutions use a 100-point, a 10-point, or a percentage system.

Most U.S. institutions use the 4-point system.

DO NOT CONVERT YOUR SCHOOL’S SYSTEM—use the scale your school uses on your transcripts.


100-PERCENT (100 Point) SYSTEM


Undergraduate Grade/Mark Average (GPA). In the 100-Percent (100-point) System, the Undergraduate Grade/Mark Average is determined by adding all earned marks for all semesters, dividing that number by the total number of points possible, and multiplying by 100.If the total number of points earned for the eight semesters is 4416 out of a possible 5250 marks. The Undergraduate Grade/Mark Average for this transcript is 4416/5250×100=84.11. The applicant would enter “84.11” in the Undergraduate GPA Grade Average field and -100 percent” in the Undergraduate GPA Scale field.

Junior/Senior (3rd/4th Year) Grade/Mark Average (GPA).
To determine the Junior/Senior (3rd/4th Year) Grade/Mark Average on the 100-point scale, add all the points earned in the 3rd and 4th Years, divide by the total possible points in those years, and multiply by 100. In Figure 1, the Junior/Senior (3rd/4th Year) Grade/Mark Average would be 2246/2600×100=86.38. On the application,this student would enter “86.38” in the Junior/Senior GPA Grade Average field and -100 percent” in the Junior/Senior GPA Scale field.
10-POINT SYSTEM


Undergraduate Grade/Mark Average (GPA). In a 10-point System, the Undergraduate Grade/Mark Average (GPA) is based on all course work completed in earning your bachelorÈs degree, representing your overall average.
Generally, the Undergraduate Grade/Mark Average (GPA) appears on the transcript. In Figure 2, it appears in Semester 8 as the CGPA: 7.51 (circled in red). The institution assigned letter grades and then set numeric values for those grades, in this case: EX=10, A=9, B=8, C=7, D=6, F=2. On the application, this student would enter “7.51” in the Undergraduate GPA Grade Average field and “10 point” in the Undergraduate GPA Scale field.

Junior/Senior (3rd/4th Year) Grade/Mark Average (GPA).
The Figure 2 transcript also has the semester averages calculated—the SGPAs (circled in blue). To determine the Jr/Sr (3rd/4th Year) Average, add the SGPAs for the semesters 5, 6, 7, & 8 (8.29 + 6.92 + 7.26 + 7.13 = 29.6) and divide the total by 4 (29.6 / 4 = 7.4). On the application, this student would enter -7.4″ for the Junior/Senior GPA Grade Average field and “10 point” in the Undergraduate GPA Scale field.
For More on GPA also see :

Different views about low GPA

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